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the big brain

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the big brain

cerebrum

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which major structure assists with muscle coordination and balance

cerebellum

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which part of the brain is connected to creativity

cerebrum

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associated with functions of hearing, memory, and speech is the

temporal lobe

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part of the brain that is involved in problem-solving, voluntary movement and reasoning is the

frontal lobe

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hunger, thirst, body temp and other involuntary functions are controlled by the

hypothalamus

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vision and color recognition is controlled by

occipital lobe

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optic nerves are located in the

olfactory blub

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the ___ connects the cerebrum to the spinal cord

brain stem

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which lobe is associated with touch and taste

parietal lobe

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the part of the brain that is associated with sleep regulation is the

thalamus

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language, memory and judegement are controlled by

frontal lobe

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the part of the brain that controls involuntary actions like heart rate and breathing

medulla oblongata

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a small part of the brain stem that is involved with vision and hearing is the

midbrain

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ensures that both side of the brain communicates and work together

corpus callosum

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the master gland

pituitary gland

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emotional, threatening stimuli, and fear related behaviors are controlled by

amygdala

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what are 3 parts of the brain stem

midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata

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what are 3 parts of the diencephalon

thalums, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland

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muscles are made up of bundles of muscle fibers

connective tissue

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under the muscle belly is the ____ which surround bundles of nerves that are in long fibers

epimysium

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long fibers that contain bundles of nerve cells are

fascicles

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muscle fascicles are covered by a protective layer called the

perimysium

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individual muscle fibers are protected by a layer known as the

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which muscle is attached to the achilles tendons

gastrocnemius

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The wide flat muscle found under the Gastrocnemius is

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which muscle group are voluntary

skeletal

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Which muscle group is found in your organs

Visceral

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In a joint that is controlled by muscles, the angle ____ with contractions

Decreases

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In a muscle sacromere the actin is __ and the myosin is__. ________

Thin/thick

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When muscle fibers contract they become

Thicker and shorter

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The ability to stretch muscles is

Extensibility

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When a muscle returns to its original shape after it has contracted is

Elasticity

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A muscle that is in a state of partial contraction is showing

Muscle tone

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What are 2 things that can lead to the loss of muscle tone

Serious illness and not using muscles

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Functions of skeletal muscles

Movement, energy, protection of skeletons and posture

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The major component of the immune system

WBCs

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Dead skin cells are sloughed off continuously making it

Harder for “invaders” to enter the body

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Sweat and oil from glands contain

Chemicals including antibiotics

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Mucus contains

Lysosomes

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Hair like projections made of protein that line the respiratory track are

Cilia

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Sylvia contains

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The stomach contains ___ that fight foreign material

Acids

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Whit blood cells are made in the

Blood marrow

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What protein is an identifying substance for foreign bodies

Antigens

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Lymphocytes make up ___ of the WBCs

42 percent

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The Y shaped protein used by the immune system to identify foreign bodies and attack them are

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Antibodies are composed of peptide chains. How many peptide chains

5

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T cells are

Self tolerant in the thymus

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B cells are

A self tolerant in the bone marrow

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Complement proteins are

A group of plasma proteins

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Antibodies form

Several days after activated

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The immunity you develop after you have an infection

Active immunity

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Antibodies made after you get a vaccine are

Artificial

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Immunity acquired from someone else

Passive

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Incomplete antigens unable to cause an immune response are

Haptens

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APCs are

Antigen presenting cells

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A group of proteins made by virus infected cells are

Interferons

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Antibodies stay in your body

Until the invader is gone and longer

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Antibodies passed from the mother to the child are referred to as passive immunity and are

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Cilia is found in the

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The axial skeleton consists of

The vertebrae and skull

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What produces the bone framework or matrix

Chondroblasts

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At which week in development of a child does osteogenesis begin

The 6th or 7th week

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What is used as a model for bone development

Hyaline cartilage

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Is connective tissues vascular or avascular

Avascular

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As bones develop where does hyaline cartilage remain

Hyaline cartilage remains at the ends of the bones and epiphseal plate

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