psychology quiz 1

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What is psychology?

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107 Terms

1

What is psychology?

the scientific study of behavior and mental processes

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2

psychology is

data collection data analysis share results

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3

Quantitative

Data that is in numbers

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4

Qualitative

descriptive data

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5

basic

specifics

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6

applied

applying basic knowledge

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7

science is

the antidote to human cognitive biases

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8

confirmation bias

ignore evidence and use prior beliefs

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9

hindsight bias

"I knew it all along"

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10

major goals of psychology

predict observe describe explain control

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11

phd

conducts research on own

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12

psy d

clientele based

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13

counseling

everyday issues diverse populations

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14

clinical

major disorders medicine

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15

psychiatry

psychiatric conditions no talking just meds

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16

experimental psych

research and study

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17

biological

link between brain structure and mental processes

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18

developmental

lifespan specific time

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19

cognitive

memories and thoughts

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20

states

based on certain circumstances

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21

traits

persistant neurological conditions

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22

social

view and effect on each other

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23

industrial

study behavior in workplace

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24

critical thinking

alternative explanations for observed phenomenon

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25

bodily humors

bodily fluid makes your personality

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26

locke

human mind is a blank slate

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27

descartes

uses his own thoughts

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28

Hobbes

keep people in line

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29

rousseau

natural state is happy

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30

structuralist

fully understand every piece

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31

functionalist

how things are put together

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32

psychoanalysis

form of psychotherapy

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33

pavlov

ring bell get food classical

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34

Watson and Rayner

reward and punishment operant

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35

cognitive revolution

study the past stimulus and what happens after

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36

neuroscience

study parts of the brain

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37

evolutionary psychology

natural selection and evolution effects

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scientific method

conduct research to check data

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39

1st step of scientific method

Develop a question

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40

2nd step of scientific method

Form a hypothesis

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41

3rd step of scientific method

existing theories

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4th step of scientific method

design study and collect data

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5th step of scientific method

analyze data

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44

Last step of the scientific method

share the endings

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45

operational definition

measure defined by researchers

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46

representative sample

several kinds of people forced

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47

random sample

sign up

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48

random assignment

coin toss

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sample size

how many participants

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50

naturalistic observation

observing in the wild

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51

case study

single or handful of people studying one particular thing

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52

survey research

questions

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correlational methods

existing association between two or more variables

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54

correlations range from

-1.0 to +1.0

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experimental method

manipulates a variable to uncover cause and effect

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independent variable

manipulated variable determine its effect on dependent

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dependent variable

measured to determine effects on manipulation

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reliability

consistancy or stability in a measure

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validity

degree of accuracy of data collection methods

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statistics 1

collecting

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statistics 2

organizing

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statistics 3

analyzing

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statistics 4

displaying

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statistics 5

interpreting

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descriptive

mesures central tendency and variance

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inferential

statistical significance vs practical and clinical importance

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standard deviation

how far apart people are from average group

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inferential stats

analysis of data for determining probability of events

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hypothesis testing

use of mathematical procedures to determine likelihood that predictions are supported by data collected

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70

effect size

how many standards of deviation apart

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71

meta analysis

allows researchers to combine the findings of different studies and draw conclusions

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72

institutional review board

reviews research proposal to protect the rights and welfare of all participants

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nervous system 1

complexity

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nervous system 2

responding to events and working through

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nervous system 3

diversity of functions

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nervous system 4

electrochemical transmission

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77

homeostasis

state of balance

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neuron

recieve process transmit

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Dendirtes

receivers

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80

soma

stores nucleus and dna

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81

axon

wire

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myelin sheath

insulation

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terminal buttons

end point

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84

afferent neurons

to cns

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85

efferent neurons

from cns

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86

interneurons

connect afferent and efferent together

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87

resting potential

-70 mv

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88

action potential

Na+ and K+ ions

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89

all or none law

fires or not at all

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90

gaba

aggression sleeping fear

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91

Acetocholine

muscle contractions memory

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92

glutamate

memory taste

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93

dopamine

movement attention pleasure

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94

serotonin

sleeping eating mood

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95

psychoactive drugs

interference with the normal activity of neurotransmitters

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96

agonists

increase effects of neurotransmitters

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97

reuptake inhibitors

floating in synaptic gap

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antagonists

supresses effects of neurotransmitters

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99

hindbrain

old brain basic survival functions

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100

midbrain

movement sensory processing sleep cycles

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