psych final

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

egocentrism

1 / 99

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

100 Terms

1

egocentrism

a term that identifies children’s difficulty seeing another’s perspective

New cards
2

permissive parenting

a morther tells her teenage child, “do whatever you want, I dont care” what type of parenting style is this ?

New cards
3

accommodation

when we change our scheme to fit into characteristics of the world around us

New cards
4

oral stage

freud- what stage do infants associate erotic pleasure with the mouth?

New cards
5

cognitive development

jean piaget created

New cards
6

object permanence

when a child realizes that an object exists even when they cannot see or touch it

New cards
7

authoritative parenting

parents allow the children and adolescents to participate in the decision-making

New cards
8

authoritarian parenting

parents feel as if they do not have to explain themselves or actions to their children

New cards
9

generativity vs stagnation

a middle-aged man leaves his job to give back to the community by volunteering at an elementary school

New cards
10

conservation

5 year old tammy mistakenly believes that her short, wide glass contains less soda than her brother’s tall, narrow glass. both glasses contain the same amount of soda. this illustrates that tammy lacks the concept of…

New cards
11

assimilation

3 year old zara calls all 4 legged animals “kitties” her tendency to fit all 4 legged animals into her existing conception of a kitten illustrates the process of…

New cards
12

post conventional morality

valiery believes stealing is not right, but in certain emergencies or life and death situations to help her family, she believes its ok. according to kohlberg, valerie is in the ____ stage

New cards
13

narcolepsy

malcom often experiences overwhelming feelings of sleepiness. in fact, malcolm has been known to fall asleep at his desk… he may be suffering from

New cards
14

caffine, cocaine, nicotine, methamphetamines

stimulants:

New cards
15

depressant

drug responsible for slowing heart rate and respiratory rate would be

New cards
16

hallucinogens

drugs that can cause visual or auditory hallucionaltions

New cards
17

framing

is the way an issue is posed

New cards
18

confirmation bias

a tendency to search for information that confirms one’s preconceptions

New cards
19

belief perseverance

clinging to your initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited

New cards
20

mental set

a tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially if it had worked in the past

New cards
21

fuctional fixedness

the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions

New cards
22

algorithm

methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem

New cards
23

insight

a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem

New cards
24

cognition

another term for thinking, knowing and remembering

New cards
25

episodic

memory holds items that happen in a individual person’s life

New cards
26

explicit

memory holds the memory of general information

New cards
27

sensory

memory holds information for only a few seconds

New cards
28

short term memory

information that is kept in the mind as long as you repeat it is stored in

New cards
29

retroactive interference

when a new memory blocks the recall of an older memory

New cards
30

proactive interference

when an old memory blocks the recall of a recent memory

New cards
31

james lange theory of emotion

the belief that emotions are experienced following physical response

New cards
32

instinct theory

when salmon are motivated to swim upstream to mate and die, its called

New cards
33

drive reduction theory

explains motivation by stressing our biological need to sustain homeostasis

New cards
34

arousal theory

explains how people are often motivated to “seek out” stimulation

New cards
35

cannon bard theory

states the idea that an emotional-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers physiological response and the subjective experience of emotion

New cards
36

two factor theory

differs from the james lange and the cannon bard in that a cognitive label precedes emotional experience

New cards
37

sympathetic nervous system

system that increases your heart rate, dilates pupils, and sweats when aroused

New cards
38

amygdala to the thalamus

when one is faced with a threatening stimulus, there is a “shortcut” neural pathway to allow a speedy emotional response- running from

New cards
39

catharsis

karen’s therapist encouraged her to “get her anger out” by punching a pillow. her therapist values the concept of

New cards
40

maslows hierarchy of needs

which theory of motivation does this statement best represent? “Nobody wants to kiss when they are hungry”

New cards
41

William James

Who suggested that “we feel sorry because we cry… afraid because we tremble”?

New cards
42

two factor theory

noticing that his heart was pounding and his palms were sweaty while he was taking a difficult test, Harley concluded that he was “anxious”. noticing that his heart was pounding and that his palms were sweaty when an attractive lady asked him to dance, harley concluded that he was “falling in love” the differing emotions experienced by harley can be best explained by the

New cards
43

cannon-bard theory

10 yr old vito tells his friend, “when you notice that your knees knock, your hands sweat, and your stomach is in knots, then you get really scared”. this statement best illustrates the

New cards
44

physiological needs

the need for food and water, including the need to breathe and the ability to go to the bathroom. this describes which section of maslow’s hierarchy of needs?

New cards
45

maslow’s hierarchy of needs

lisa is unable to worry about doing well in school because she has to deal with meeting her basic needs (food, water, shelter) first. which theory of motivation does this demonstrate?

New cards
46

intrinsic motivation

shely is motivated to do well in school bc she loves satisfying her curiosity. jay is motivated to do well in school so that he can play on the football team. this best demonstrates which motivational concept?

New cards
47

sigmund freud

who emphasized that slips of the tongue often reveal the personality dynamics that contribute to psychological disorders?

New cards
48

free association

a psychotherapist instructs dane to relax, close his eyes, and state aloud whatever thoughts come to mind no matter how trivial or absurd. the therapist is using a technique known as

New cards
49

Id

when 2 year old matthew told he would get no dessert until he finished the food on his plate, he threw his plate on the floor in a temper tantrum. freud would have suggested that matthew was unable to resist the demands of his

New cards
50

reality principal is to pleasure principal

ego is to id as

New cards
51

superego

the part of the personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards

New cards
52

anal stage

2 year old damien frequently refuses to obey his parents bc he derives immense pleasure from demonstrating his independence from their control. freud would have suggested that damien is going through the ___ of development

New cards
53

phallic stage

children develop unconscious sexual desires for the parent of the opposite sex during the

New cards
54

oedipust and electra concept

a boy’s sexual desires for his mother and feelings of hostility toward his father constitute what freud called

New cards
55

fixation

freud emphasized that unresolved childhood conflicts often leads to

New cards
56

repression

inge was sexually abused by her uncle when she was 8 years old. at 14, inge felt uncomfortable whenever she saw the uncle but was unable to understand why she felt this way. a psychoanalyst would be most likely to suggest that inge is using the defense mechanism of

New cards
57

reaction formation

parents who disguise hosility toward their children by becoming overly projective of them are very liekly using the defense mechanism of

New cards
58

projection

the defense mechanism by which people disguise threatening impulses by attributing them to others is called

New cards
59

displacement

while professor was going thru a painful divource, he tended to create unnecessarily difficult tests and gave his students unusually low grades. a psychoanalyst would be most likely to view the professor’s treatment of students as an example of

New cards
60

projection

although eduardo has repressed his own homosexual desires, he is distressed by a false suspicion that many men frequently stare lustfully at his body. according to psychoanalytic theory, eduardo’s thinking best illustrates

New cards
61

carl rogers

which theorist emphasized that a individual’s personal growth is promoted by interactions with others who are genuine, accepting, and empathetic ??

New cards
62

unconditional positive regard

carl rogers emphasized that a positive self-concept is promoted by

New cards
63

regression

for several months after he lost the job he had held for nearly 20 years, mr ullomi frequently lost his temper and suffered periodic crying spells. his behavior is most clearly an example of

New cards
64

behavioral therapy

type of therapy using learning techniques to change behaviors is called

New cards
65

antipsychotics

schizophrenia is most often treated with

New cards
66

tardive pyskinesial

antipsychotics can cause ___ and unwanted side effect

New cards
67

humanistic therapy

the goal of ___ is the attain self-actualization and increase self esteem

New cards
68

cognitive behavioral therapy

type of therapy which uses thoughts to control emotions and behavior

New cards
69

lithium

bipolar disorders are often treated with

New cards
70

mood stabilizer

lithium is a ___ medication

New cards
71

dream analysis therapeutic approach

lucy is telling her therapist about a dream she had last night. her therapist begins to interpret the dream for her. the terapist is using the

New cards
72

unconditional positive regard

carl rogers’ term for complete acceptance of an individuals feelings and thoughts in a therapy

New cards
73

rational emotive theory

albert ellis’s term for getting emotions under control through reason is called

New cards
74

schizophrenia

jabar thinks he is napoleon. he further believes he is being imprisoned against his will in the mental hospital where his relatives have brought him for treatment. jabar is most likely suffering from

New cards
75

behavioral perspective

luke suffers from acrophobia (fear of heights). luke’s therapist suggests that his reaction to heights is a generalization of the fear triggered by a childhood playground accident in which he fell off a sliding board. the therapists suggestion reflects a

New cards
76

token economy

benny’s mother tries to reduce his fear of sailing by giving the 3 yr old his fav candy as soon as they board the boad. the mother’s strategy best illustrates the

New cards
77

psychiatrist

a medical doctor who is able to prescribe medication

New cards
78

clinical psychologist

has a ph.d and is able to diagnose and treat patients

New cards
79

adversive conditioning

to help claire quit smoking, a therapist delivers an electric shock to her arm each time she smokes a cig. the therapist is using

New cards
80

light therapy

a therapy that has been demonstrated to provide relief for those who suffer from seasonal affective disorder

New cards
81

phobia disorder

sally finds herself very calm at home, but anytime she has to leave and engage socially, her heart rate increases, her breathing quickens, and she starts to feel worried. these symptoms best reflect which disorder?

New cards
82

dependent personality disorder

margaret behaves in a very submissive way. she expects the people around her to take care of her all the time and relies on them to make decisions for her. she likely has a

New cards
83

bipolar disorder

cheyenee experiences episodes of depression and episodes of mania. this best reflects…

New cards
84

narcissistic personality disorder

jay lacks empathy towards others. he also has a heightened sense of self importance. he may bully or belittle others out of a misguided sense that he is always right. this best reflects which disorder?

New cards
85

hypochondria

a person who is in good health but becomes preoccupied with imaginary ailments might suffer from

New cards
86

delusions

false beliefs maintained in the face of contrary evidence are called

New cards
87

hallucinations

perceptions that have no direct external causes are called

New cards
88

paranoid schizophrenia

people who have this have extreme suspiciousness and delusions

New cards
89

disorganized schizophrenia

people who have this have scrambled speech and odd thought processes

New cards
90

biomedical

mickey lives in las vegas and is addicted to gambling. he will play the slot machines every night for hours. a psychologist who studies how slot machines cause the release of dopamine would likely belong to which perspective?

New cards
91

psychoanalytic

mickey lives in las vegas and is addicted to gambling. he will play the slot machines every night for hours. a psychologist who seeks to understand how gambling is a reflection of his unconscious desires and an unrestrained id would likely belong to which perspective

New cards
92

obsessions

mrs swift is alarmed by her own intrusive and irrational thoughts that her house is contaminated by germs. her experience best illustrates how ___ work when a person has an obsessive-compulsive disorder

New cards
93

obsessive-compulsive disorder

ravi rushes his teeth 18 times a day. each time, he uses exactly 83 strokes up and 83 strokes down. after he eats, he must brush twice with two different brands of toothpaste. ravi suffers from

New cards
94

generalized panic disorder

disorder characterized by a continuous state of tension, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal

New cards
95

major depression

for the last month, gabrielle has felt lethargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning. she has withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable. gabrielle is most likely suffering from

New cards
96

panic disorder

episodes of intense dread that last for several minutes and are accompanied by shortness of breath, trembling, dizziness, or heart palpitations are most characteristic of an

New cards
97

hallucination

seeing one eyed monsters would be an

New cards
98

delusion of grandure

believing that you are christopher columbus would be

New cards
99

narcissistic personality disorder

those with a ____ are likely to be preoccupied with their own self importance

New cards
100

antisocial personality

most likely to be characterized by a lack of guilt feelings

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 39 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 31 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard25 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 35 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard208 terms
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard153 terms
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard77 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard53 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard21 terms
studied byStudied by 307 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)