Judaism And Islam

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How far does Judaism date back?

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121 Terms

1

How far does Judaism date back?

16th B.C

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2

What was the first monothetic religion?

Judaism

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3

Who founded Judaism?

Abraham

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4

What is the foundation of Christianity and Islam?

Judaism

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5

Talmud

Oral Torah

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6

What is the most conservative Jewish group?

Orthodox

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7

What is the most liberal Jewish group?

Reformed

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8

Rabbi

A teacher or ordained leader in the Jewish faith.

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9

Sabbath/Shabbat

The Jewish Holy Day, begins sundown Friday ends sundown Saturday

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10

Chevra kadisha

Hebrew meaning "Burial Society". Holy Brotherhood of men or women from a synagogue who care for the dead. (Often referred to as "washers" by laymen.)

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11

When can removals not be made in Judaism?

Sabbath

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12

What should be done with the clothes in a violent death with Judaism?

Clothes be removed, but placed back in the coffin, so the body is returned to the elements from which it was created

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13

In Judaism, how is straw placed? (Hashkava)

On the floor and then covered in a sheet

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14

How is the body positioned on the sheet in Judaism? (Hashkava)

face up, feet facing door, windows are opened

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15

How are the limbs positioned in Judaism? (Hashkava)

Straight

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16

How are the eyes positioned in Judaism? (Hashkava)

Closed

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17

How is the mouth/jaw positioned in Judaism? (Hashkava)

Tied with cloth

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18

What is place under the head in Judaism? (Hashkava)

block or pillow

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19

Where is a lit candle placed in Judaism? (Hashkava)

Head of deceased

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20

Are all mirrors covered in the home in Judaism? (Hashkava)

yes

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21

Laying Down (Hashkava)

Prayer for laying down of deceased relatives

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22

Who may handle the body during Hashkava?

observant jews

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23

Shomer

The watcher (sitter) who remains with the body until burial.

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24

Is there embalming in Judaism?

No

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25

If the body has to be embalmed, what should happen with the blood?

It is placed in containers and placed in the casket with the body

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26

Taharah

the ceremonial washing of the deceased by the chevra kadisha before burial; serves as a ritual purification or cleansing of the body

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27

Taharah Room

a room set aside in a mortuary or funeral home for the practice of the taharah; may be utilized for both Jewish and Islamic body preparations

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28

Aron

Hebrew term meaning "container": a casket made entirely of wood and containing no metal parts or animal glues

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29

Shmira

"The Watch"; the period of time the shomer is with the deceased

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30

Tachrichim

traditional burial clothing

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31

How many garments in a male's tachrichim?

7

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32

How many garments in a female's tachrichim?

8

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33

Jewish deceased male's garments:

Mitzefes (Headdress)

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34

Michnasayim (Trousers with closed feet)

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35

K'sones (Shirt with sleeves)

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36

Kittel (A robe with collar and sleeves

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37

Avnet, Gartel (A sash)

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38

Tallis (A prayer shawl)

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39

Sovev (small linen bag used as headrest)

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40

Jewish deceased female's garments:

Bonnet

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41

Michnasayim

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42

K'sones

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43

Kittel

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44

Avenet, Gartel

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45

Apron

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46

Face cover

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47

Sovev

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48

What is a sovev filled with?

straw and soil from Israel

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49

Where is Israeli soil placed in a Jewish casket?

floor of the casket

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50

What group of Jews wash their hands prior to re-entering their residences after being in contact, or in the same room as, the remains?

Orthodox

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51

Who provides transportation for rabbi and cantor?

funeral home

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52

Ievaya

Jewish cortege

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53

How many times will a rabbi stop pallbearers to pray or recite a psalm?

7

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54

What psalm do rabbis choose to recite with pallbearers? (Most frequently)

Psalm 91

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55

Upon leaving the gravesite, how many times will a mourner wash their hands? (Judaism)

3

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56

What is the order of hand washing before leaving the gravesite?

They begin with the right hand and then let their hands air dry

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57

Shiva (Judaism)

A seven-day period of mourning for the dead beginning immediately after the funeral

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58

Sholoshim (Jewish)

Meaning 30 in the Jewish faith; the 30-day mourning period.

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59

Shneim asar chodesh (Judaism)

(12 months) Those mourning the loss of a parent face an additional period of mourning lasting eleven months from the end of sholoshim. Sons are to recite the kaddish as part of synagogue services. Most activities return to normal, but there remains a restriction on attending festive occasions and large gatherings, especially if live music will be present.

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60

Yahrzeit (Judaism)

Anniversary of death

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61

El Malei Rachamin

In the Jewish faith, a memorial service; literally "God full of compassion"; usually the last prayer of the funeral service; sometimes referred to as the Malei.

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62

Hesped

In the Jewish faith, a eulogy or true evaluation of the deceased's life that is a part of the funeral service.

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63

Kaddish

Jewish prayer for the dead

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64

Kevurah

In the Jewish faith, the burial.

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65

Kriah

Hebrew meaning rending or tearing; a symbol of grief; a tear in the upper corner of the garment or a tear on a symbolic ribbon which is worn by the survivors.

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66

Levaya

in the Jewish faith, the funeral procession

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67

Menorah

In the Jewish faith, a candelabrum with a central stem bearing seven candles; it is the oldest symbol in Judaism.

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68

Mogen David (Star of David)

In the Jewish faith, a hexagram formed by the combination of two triangles. May be called the Jewish Star. It symbolizes a new hope for the Jewish people.

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69

Yarmulke

a skullcap worn by religious Jews (especially at prayer)

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70

Yizkor

In the Jewish faith, a memorial service recited four times a year.

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71

Alar Hashalom

Phrase used after the name of a departed male meaning, "Peace be upon him".

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72

Alehaw Hashalom

Phrase used after the name of a departed female meaning, "Peace be upon her".

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73

Avelim

A mourner; (Abel, Avel, Ovel) The nearest of seven blood relatives; father, mother, husband, wife, son, or daughter, brother and sister.

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74

Bar Minen

deceased male

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75

Bat Minen

deceased female

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76

Kever

In the Jewish faith, the grave.

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77

Niftar

deceased

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78

Shivah candle

a special candle which is burned during the seven days of mourning

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79

Shalom

Hebrew greeting meaning peace

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80

Yarhzeit Candle

A candle burned for twenty-four hours on the anniversary of a death.

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81

Who was the first prophet of Islam?

Adam

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82

Who was the last prophet of Islam?

Muhammad

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83

Muhammed was given instructions by who?

archangel Gabriel

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84

Quran

The holy book of Islam

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85

Islam

Monotheistic faith which exalts "Allah" as the one true God

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86

Shahada

"There is no God but Allah

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87

Is embalming allowed in Islam?

no

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88

Is cremation allowed in the Islamic faith?

No

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89

Al-Ghusl

practical and ceremonial washing of the deceased Muslim

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90

Kafan

burial garments utilized by Muslims.

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91

Imam

a leader of prayer in a mosque

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92

Qiblah

the direction toward Mecca; the direction toward which Muslims pray

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93

Janazah

Islamic funeral service and funeral prayer

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94

Mosque

A Muslim place of worship

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95

Salawat

"peace be upon him" salutation

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96

Who stands closest to deceased in Islam?

Imam

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97

Who will lead the Janazah?

Imam

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98

How must a Muslim be buried?

Their right side is facing Qiblah

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99

How long is the mourning period for Muslims that are not widows?

three days

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100

How long is the mourning period for Muslims that are widows?

4 months and 10 days

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