Judaism And Islam

studied byStudied by 2 People
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

How far does Judaism date back?

1/121

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

Studying Progress

New cards
121
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
121 Terms
New cards

How far does Judaism date back?

16th B.C

New cards
New cards

What was the first monothetic religion?

Judaism

New cards
New cards

Who founded Judaism?

Abraham

New cards
New cards

What is the foundation of Christianity and Islam?

Judaism

New cards
New cards

Talmud

Oral Torah

New cards
New cards

What is the most conservative Jewish group?

Orthodox

New cards
New cards

What is the most liberal Jewish group?

Reformed

New cards
New cards

Rabbi

A teacher or ordained leader in the Jewish faith.

New cards
New cards

Sabbath/Shabbat

The Jewish Holy Day, begins sundown Friday ends sundown Saturday

New cards
New cards

Chevra kadisha

Hebrew meaning "Burial Society". Holy Brotherhood of men or women from a synagogue who care for the dead. (Often referred to as "washers" by laymen.)

New cards
New cards

When can removals not be made in Judaism?

Sabbath

New cards
New cards

What should be done with the clothes in a violent death with Judaism?

Clothes be removed, but placed back in the coffin, so the body is returned to the elements from which it was created

New cards
New cards

In Judaism, how is straw placed? (Hashkava)

On the floor and then covered in a sheet

New cards
New cards

How is the body positioned on the sheet in Judaism? (Hashkava)

face up, feet facing door, windows are opened

New cards
New cards

How are the limbs positioned in Judaism? (Hashkava)

Straight

New cards
New cards

How are the eyes positioned in Judaism? (Hashkava)

Closed

New cards
New cards

How is the mouth/jaw positioned in Judaism? (Hashkava)

Tied with cloth

New cards
New cards

What is place under the head in Judaism? (Hashkava)

block or pillow

New cards
New cards

Where is a lit candle placed in Judaism? (Hashkava)

Head of deceased

New cards
New cards

Are all mirrors covered in the home in Judaism? (Hashkava)

yes

New cards
New cards

Laying Down (Hashkava)

Prayer for laying down of deceased relatives

New cards
New cards

Who may handle the body during Hashkava?

observant jews

New cards
New cards

Shomer

The watcher (sitter) who remains with the body until burial.

New cards
New cards

Is there embalming in Judaism?

No

New cards
New cards

If the body has to be embalmed, what should happen with the blood?

It is placed in containers and placed in the casket with the body

New cards
New cards

Taharah

the ceremonial washing of the deceased by the chevra kadisha before burial; serves as a ritual purification or cleansing of the body

New cards
New cards

Taharah Room

a room set aside in a mortuary or funeral home for the practice of the taharah; may be utilized for both Jewish and Islamic body preparations

New cards
New cards

Aron

Hebrew term meaning "container": a casket made entirely of wood and containing no metal parts or animal glues

New cards
New cards

Shmira

"The Watch"; the period of time the shomer is with the deceased

New cards
New cards

Tachrichim

traditional burial clothing

New cards
New cards

How many garments in a male's tachrichim?

7

New cards
New cards

How many garments in a female's tachrichim?

8

New cards
New cards

Jewish deceased male's garments:

Mitzefes (Headdress)

New cards
New cards

Michnasayim (Trousers with closed feet)

New cards
New cards

K'sones (Shirt with sleeves)

New cards
New cards

Kittel (A robe with collar and sleeves

New cards
New cards

Avnet, Gartel (A sash)

New cards
New cards

Tallis (A prayer shawl)

New cards
New cards

Sovev (small linen bag used as headrest)

New cards
New cards

Jewish deceased female's garments:

Bonnet

New cards
New cards

Michnasayim

New cards
New cards

K'sones

New cards
New cards

Kittel

New cards
New cards

Avenet, Gartel

New cards
New cards

Apron

New cards
New cards

Face cover

New cards
New cards

Sovev

New cards
New cards

What is a sovev filled with?

straw and soil from Israel

New cards
New cards

Where is Israeli soil placed in a Jewish casket?

floor of the casket

New cards
New cards

What group of Jews wash their hands prior to re-entering their residences after being in contact, or in the same room as, the remains?

Orthodox

New cards
New cards

Who provides transportation for rabbi and cantor?

funeral home

New cards
New cards

Ievaya

Jewish cortege

New cards
New cards

How many times will a rabbi stop pallbearers to pray or recite a psalm?

7

New cards
New cards

What psalm do rabbis choose to recite with pallbearers? (Most frequently)

Psalm 91

New cards
New cards

Upon leaving the gravesite, how many times will a mourner wash their hands? (Judaism)

3

New cards
New cards

What is the order of hand washing before leaving the gravesite?

They begin with the right hand and then let their hands air dry

New cards
New cards

Shiva (Judaism)

A seven-day period of mourning for the dead beginning immediately after the funeral

New cards
New cards

Sholoshim (Jewish)

Meaning 30 in the Jewish faith; the 30-day mourning period.

New cards
New cards

Shneim asar chodesh (Judaism)

(12 months) Those mourning the loss of a parent face an additional period of mourning lasting eleven months from the end of sholoshim. Sons are to recite the kaddish as part of synagogue services. Most activities return to normal, but there remains a restriction on attending festive occasions and large gatherings, especially if live music will be present.

New cards
New cards

Yahrzeit (Judaism)

Anniversary of death

New cards
New cards

El Malei Rachamin

In the Jewish faith, a memorial service; literally "God full of compassion"; usually the last prayer of the funeral service; sometimes referred to as the Malei.

New cards
New cards

Hesped

In the Jewish faith, a eulogy or true evaluation of the deceased's life that is a part of the funeral service.

New cards
New cards

Kaddish

Jewish prayer for the dead

New cards
New cards

Kevurah

In the Jewish faith, the burial.

New cards
New cards

Kriah

Hebrew meaning rending or tearing; a symbol of grief; a tear in the upper corner of the garment or a tear on a symbolic ribbon which is worn by the survivors.

New cards
New cards

Levaya

in the Jewish faith, the funeral procession

New cards
New cards

Menorah

In the Jewish faith, a candelabrum with a central stem bearing seven candles; it is the oldest symbol in Judaism.

New cards
New cards

Mogen David (Star of David)

In the Jewish faith, a hexagram formed by the combination of two triangles. May be called the Jewish Star. It symbolizes a new hope for the Jewish people.

New cards
New cards

Yarmulke

a skullcap worn by religious Jews (especially at prayer)

New cards
New cards

Yizkor

In the Jewish faith, a memorial service recited four times a year.

New cards
New cards

Alar Hashalom

Phrase used after the name of a departed male meaning, "Peace be upon him".

New cards
New cards

Alehaw Hashalom

Phrase used after the name of a departed female meaning, "Peace be upon her".

New cards
New cards

Avelim

A mourner; (Abel, Avel, Ovel) The nearest of seven blood relatives; father, mother, husband, wife, son, or daughter, brother and sister.

New cards
New cards

Bar Minen

deceased male

New cards
New cards

Bat Minen

deceased female

New cards
New cards

Kever

In the Jewish faith, the grave.

New cards
New cards

Niftar

deceased

New cards
New cards

Shivah candle

a special candle which is burned during the seven days of mourning

New cards
New cards

Shalom

Hebrew greeting meaning peace

New cards
New cards

Yarhzeit Candle

A candle burned for twenty-four hours on the anniversary of a death.

New cards
New cards

Who was the first prophet of Islam?

Adam

New cards
New cards

Who was the last prophet of Islam?

Muhammad

New cards
New cards

Muhammed was given instructions by who?

archangel Gabriel

New cards
New cards

Quran

The holy book of Islam

New cards