Economics PRATIQUE DE LA LANGUE

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103 Terms

1

the economy

l’économie

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2

an economic policy

une politique économique

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3

planning

la planification

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4

planned economy

l’économie planifiée

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5

(free) market economy

l’économie de marché

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6

free enterprise

la libre entreprise

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7

economic self-sufficiency, autarky

l’autarcie

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8

supply and demand

l’offre et la demandeg

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9

gobalization

la mondialisation

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10

nationalization, privatization

la nationalisation, la privatisation

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11

deregulation

la déréglementation

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12

the consumer society

la société de consommation

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13

the market

le marché

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14

a budget

un budget

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15

a subsidy

une subvention

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16

government spending, public spending

les dépenses publiques

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17

capitalist, capitalistic

capitaliste

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18

a cut(back), a reduction

une réduction

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19

to boost, to stimulate, to reflate

doper, relancer

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20

to subsidize

subventionner

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21

to nationalize =/= to privatize

nationaliser =/= privatiser

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22

to curb, to stem, to check

juguler, frein

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23

to cut(back, down), to reduce

réduire

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24

to scale back, down

réviser à la baisse

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25

to lower =/= to raise

baisser =/= augmenter

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26

raw materials

les matières premières

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27

heavy =/= light industry

l’industrie lourde =/= légère

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28

the iron and steel industry

la sidérurgie

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29

shipbuilding

la construction navale

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30

manufacturing

la fabrication

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31

consumer goods

les biens de consommation

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32

a processing industry

une industrie de transformation

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33

a high-tech industry

une industrie de pointe

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34

a merchant

un marchand, un négociant

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35

an industrialist

un industriel

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36

a manufacturer

un fabricant

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37

the public service

la fonction publique

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38

the civil service

la haute fonction publique

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39

a public worker

un fonctionnaire

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40

a civil servant

un haut fonctionnaire

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41

primary, secondary, tertiary

primaire, secondaire, tertiaire

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42

public =/= private

public =/= privé

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43

an index

un indice, un indicateur

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44

buying power, purchasing power

le pouvoir d’achat

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45

the standard of living

le niveau de vie

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46

the cost of living

le coût de la vie

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47

the per capita income

le revenu par habitant

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48

consumer spending

les dépenses des ménages, de consommation

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49

growth

la croissance

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50

the industrial output

la production industrielle

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51

productivity

la productivité

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52

the balance of trade, the trade balance

la balance commerciale

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53

a deficit =/= a surplus

un déficit =/= un excédent

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54

inflation =/= deflation

inflation =/= déflation

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55

inflationary

inflationniste

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56

runaway, rampant

galopant

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57

creeping

rampant

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58

productive

productif

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59

an outlook, prospects

des perspectives

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60

a rise, an increase

une hausse

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61

a decrease, a fall, a drop

une baisse, une chute

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62

a slowdown

un ralentissement

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63

a boom

un “boum” économique

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64

a crisis

une crise

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65

a slump, a recession

un marasme, une récession

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66

a plunge, a collapse

une chute brutale

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67

a recovery

une reprise

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68

short-term =/= long-term

à court =/= à long terme

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69

lasting, sustainable

durable

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70

to fluctuate, to seesaw

fluctuer, osciller

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71

to go up, to rise, to increase

augmenter, s’accroître

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72

to soar, to surge

monter en flèche, exploser

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73

to skyrocket =/= to nosedive

s’envoler =/= plonger

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74

to peak

culminer

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75

to top

dépasser

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76

to slow down, to slacken

ralentir

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77

to level off

se stabiliser

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78

to go down, to drop, to decrease, to fall

baisser

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79

to sag, to wane

fléchir

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80

to weaken, to falter

faiblir

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81

to lose ground

perdre du terrain

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82

to plunge, to plummet

plonger

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83

to collapse, to tumble

s’effondrer

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84

to pick up, to rally

se redresser, reprendre

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85

the underground economy

l’économie souterraine

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86

down-market =/= up-market

bas de gamme =/= haut de gammes

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87

market research

une étude, des études de marché

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88

a 5 percent tax increase, an increase of 5 percent in taxes

une hausse de 5 pourcent des impôts

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89

production has increased by 0.5 percent

la production a augmenté de 0,5%

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90

the consumer price index held steady for several years and then rose sharply

l’indice des prix à la consommation est resté stable pendant plusieurs années puis il a augmenté brutalement

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91

prices have been rising steadily

les prix n’ont cessé de monter

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92

the forecasts are bleak, gloomy =/= rosy

les prévisions sont pessimistes =/= optimistes

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93

the country is running a trade surplus =/= a trade gap

le pays enregistre un excédent =/= un déficit commercial du commerce extérieur

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94

the balance of payments shows a 500 million euro deficit

la balance des paiements enregistre un déficit de 500 millions d’euros

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95

the Gross Domestic Product

le produit intérieur brut

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96

the Gross National Product

le produit national brut

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97

state-owned companies account for 20% of the country’s riches

les entreprises publiques représentent 20% de la richesse du pays

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98

the G8 (group of 8)

le G8 (groupe des huit)

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99

the international monetary fund (IMF)

Le fonds monétaire international (FMI)

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100

the organisation for economic co-operation and development (OECD)

l’organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE)

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