Theology) First Semester Final Exam

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Famine

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Theology

11th

138 Terms

1

Famine

complaining that people did to Moses and Aaron in desert

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2

Lamb

used for passover ritual sacrifice

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3

Egypt

located S.W. of Israel, where exodus story takes place

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4

Mt. Sinai

sacred time in history where they are 1st called a nation, 1st major story

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5

Sabbath

friday evening through saturday evening, consists of prayer, rest, and study

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6

Blood

main source of life

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7

Covenant

mosaic law, same as torah, agreement between humanity and God

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8

10 Commandments

building block to every community, springboard to other 603 laws

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9

Religious History

the way jews interpret their history

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10

Star of David

universal protection

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11

Ark of Covenant

holds 10 commandments, stored in holy of holies

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12

Yarmulke

skullcap, symbolic of humility and respect of God

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13

Talmud

Holy Jewish book, commentaries of Torah

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14

Mezuzah

door post, decoration, holds Shema prayer

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15

Torah

1st 5 books in Old Testament, also known as law of Moses

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16

Genesis

consists of myth, creation, and patriarchs

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17

Exodus

about the exile and deliverence

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18

Jericho

1st city overtaken by Joshua

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19

Canaanites

may have been early Israelites

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20

Song of the Sea

oldest story in scripture

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21

Historical Books

sacred history, all about Monarchy

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22

Wisdom Books

about meaning, purpose of life

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23

Prophetic Books

lead people back to Torah, and guide them morally and spiritually

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24

Former Prophets

(Samuel) come before kings

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25

Major Prophets

(Isaiah) larger prophetic books

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26

Minor Prophets

(Amos, Hosea) smaller prophetic books

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27

Classical Prophets

(Nathanial) blunt and correct moral behavior

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28

Professional Prophets

(Ezekiel) use emotional/ other techniques to influence audience

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29

False Prophets

prophesied for money

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30

Amos

fights against injustice

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31

Hosea

speaks about faith, uses marriage as metaphor for God and humanity

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32

Samuel's Role

last judge, last prophet before kings, anoints Saul and David

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33

Saul's Role

1st King and Tribal Leader

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34

David's Role

greatest King

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35

Life

greatest gift

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36

A long life

gift for living life worthy of God's presence

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37

Job

debate about suffering

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38

Psalms

prayers, sung with string instruments, David gets credit for most of them

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39

Promised Land

Israel and Canaan

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40

The Book of Numbers

the census (number of people)

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41

Light of Ones Faith

historical books, how they interpret history

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42

Basic themes from the historical books

God loves, people sin, God punishes, people repent, God forgives, people repeat sin, God rewards faithfulness

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43

Religious truths in the Historical Books

God is not removed, God cares deeply, people are happier with good, all humans suffer with meaning

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44

Wisdom of Solomon, Proverbs, and Sirach

how to live virtuous life

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45

Ecclesiastes

about the journey of life

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46

General Themes of Wisdom Books

harmony and meaning of life, moral lessons, understanding for suffering and death, mysteries of life

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47

Kings Role

unify 12 tribes of Israel, military leader, spiritual leader

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48

Monarchy

government led by king, kept within blood line

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49

David's Talents

military leader, musical ability, respected, organizer, spiritual, unifier

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50

Prophet

one who speaks for another, responsible to connect people back to Torah

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51

Decline of Age in Scripture

symbolic of sin increasing

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52

Babylonian Attack

587 BCE

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53

Yahweh

too sacred to speak out loud

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54

Jerusalem

capital city, city of David, their sacred place

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55

Monotheistic Religions found in Israel

Judaism, Islam, Christianity

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56

Joshua

Judge and former prophet, leads Israelites to Israel

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57

Nomad

wandering individual with no homeland

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58

BCE

before common era

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59

CE

common era

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60

Protection and Hospitality

2 most important values in Hebrew Scriptures

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61

Three and Seven

means perfection

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62

Pentateuch

Christian word for Torah

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63

Mediterranean Sea

borders western coast line of Israel

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64

Phylacteries

public expression of prayer, 2 boxes (one on head and one on heart), represents heart and mind being in Torah

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65

Polygamy

having more than one wife

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66

Original Intent

true source of something, main objective of writer

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67

Moses

religious leader of Hebrews, connected with 10 commandments

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68

Seder Plate

symbolic/ reminder of Exodus experience

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69

Menorah

a branch candleholder, connected to Hanukah

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70

Prayer Shawl

over shoulder shawl for reading Torah, worn for prayer, 613 knots stand for 613 laws

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71

Kosher

dietary laws "pure" or "fit"

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72

Sea People

philistines, EX: Goliath

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73

Patriarch

Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, fore fathers of Judaism

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74

613 laws

jewish guidelines/ commandments

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75

Tell

excavate a mound

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76

Solomon

David's son, built 1st temple, cause for split of Israel

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77

Exodus and the Divine Deliverance

essential theme of Hebrew Scripture

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78

To Live Simply

how jews identified their identity, made them different form Egyptians

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79

Exodus Journey

freedom

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80

Polytheism

many God's

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81

Monotheism

1 God

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82

Jewish Temple/Synagogue

place of worship, study and community

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83

Magisterium of the Church

power house of Church (Pope, Bishops, etc.)

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84

Hebrew, Aramaic

Greek, languages and Hebrew Scripture

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85

Milk and Honey

prosperity and abundance

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86

Everyday Experiences

how God is revealed to humanity

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87

Mountains

eternal and holy

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88

Ishmael and Isaac

Abrahams sons, leaders of Arab(Ishmael) and Jewish (Isaac)

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89

Israelites

followers of Jacob

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90

Holy of Holies

plac ein temple where Ark of Covenant is stored

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91

Bread and Wine

main source of food and drink

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92

Abraham, Sarah, and Hagar

parents of Ishmael and Isaac

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93

Dreams, Visions, Angels

how God was revealed in Hebrew scriptures

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94

Mysteries (rituals and practices)

expressions of religious beliefs

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95

Messiah

Anointed one, military person (only in O.T.)

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96

Ruth and Boaz

great grandparent of David

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97

Yahwist, Elohist, Deuteronomist, Priestly

editing stages

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98

40

generation or unspecified lapse of time

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99

King Qualities

a person of prayer, military, unify the people

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100

Problems with having a human king

power comes only from God, abuse may come when people rise in power, people have flaws yet may be treated like gods

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