Theology) First Semester Final Exam

studied byStudied by 0 People
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Famine

1/138

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

New cards
138
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
138 Terms
New cards

Famine

complaining that people did to Moses and Aaron in desert

New cards
New cards

Lamb

used for passover ritual sacrifice

New cards
New cards

Egypt

located S.W. of Israel, where exodus story takes place

New cards
New cards

Mt. Sinai

sacred time in history where they are 1st called a nation, 1st major story

New cards
New cards

Sabbath

friday evening through saturday evening, consists of prayer, rest, and study

New cards
New cards

Blood

main source of life

New cards
New cards

Covenant

mosaic law, same as torah, agreement between humanity and God

New cards
New cards

10 Commandments

building block to every community, springboard to other 603 laws

New cards
New cards

Religious History

the way jews interpret their history

New cards
New cards

Star of David

universal protection

New cards
New cards

Ark of Covenant

holds 10 commandments, stored in holy of holies

New cards
New cards

Yarmulke

skullcap, symbolic of humility and respect of God

New cards
New cards

Talmud

Holy Jewish book, commentaries of Torah

New cards
New cards

Mezuzah

door post, decoration, holds Shema prayer

New cards
New cards

Torah

1st 5 books in Old Testament, also known as law of Moses

New cards
New cards

Genesis

consists of myth, creation, and patriarchs

New cards
New cards

Exodus

about the exile and deliverence

New cards
New cards

Jericho

1st city overtaken by Joshua

New cards
New cards

Canaanites

may have been early Israelites

New cards
New cards

Song of the Sea

oldest story in scripture

New cards
New cards

Historical Books

sacred history, all about Monarchy

New cards
New cards

Wisdom Books

about meaning, purpose of life

New cards
New cards

Prophetic Books

lead people back to Torah, and guide them morally and spiritually

New cards
New cards

Former Prophets

(Samuel) come before kings

New cards
New cards

Major Prophets

(Isaiah) larger prophetic books

New cards
New cards

Minor Prophets

(Amos, Hosea) smaller prophetic books

New cards
New cards

Classical Prophets

(Nathanial) blunt and correct moral behavior

New cards
New cards

Professional Prophets

(Ezekiel) use emotional/ other techniques to influence audience

New cards
New cards

False Prophets

prophesied for money

New cards
New cards

Amos

fights against injustice

New cards
New cards

Hosea

speaks about faith, uses marriage as metaphor for God and humanity

New cards
New cards

Samuel's Role

last judge, last prophet before kings, anoints Saul and David

New cards
New cards

Saul's Role

1st King and Tribal Leader

New cards
New cards

David's Role

greatest King

New cards
New cards

Life

greatest gift

New cards
New cards

A long life

gift for living life worthy of God's presence

New cards
New cards

Job

debate about suffering

New cards
New cards

Psalms

prayers, sung with string instruments, David gets credit for most of them

New cards
New cards

Promised Land

Israel and Canaan

New cards
New cards

The Book of Numbers

the census (number of people)

New cards
New cards

Light of Ones Faith

historical books, how they interpret history

New cards
New cards

Basic themes from the historical books

God loves, people sin, God punishes, people repent, God forgives, people repeat sin, God rewards faithfulness

New cards
New cards

Religious truths in the Historical Books

God is not removed, God cares deeply, people are happier with good, all humans suffer with meaning

New cards
New cards

Wisdom of Solomon, Proverbs, and Sirach

how to live virtuous life

New cards
New cards

Ecclesiastes

about the journey of life

New cards
New cards

General Themes of Wisdom Books

harmony and meaning of life, moral lessons, understanding for suffering and death, mysteries of life

New cards
New cards

Kings Role

unify 12 tribes of Israel, military leader, spiritual leader

New cards
New cards

Monarchy

government led by king, kept within blood line

New cards
New cards

David's Talents

military leader, musical ability, respected, organizer, spiritual, unifier

New cards
New cards

Prophet

one who speaks for another, responsible to connect people back to Torah

New cards
New cards

Decline of Age in Scripture

symbolic of sin increasing

New cards
New cards

Babylonian Attack

587 BCE

New cards
New cards

Yahweh

too sacred to speak out loud

New cards
New cards

Jerusalem

capital city, city of David, their sacred place

New cards
New cards

Monotheistic Religions found in Israel

Judaism, Islam, Christianity

New cards
New cards

Joshua

Judge and former prophet, leads Israelites to Israel

New cards
New cards

Nomad

wandering individual with no homeland

New cards
New cards

BCE

before common era

New cards
New cards

CE

common era

New cards
New cards

Protection and Hospitality

2 most important values in Hebrew Scriptures

New cards
New cards

Three and Seven

means perfection

New cards
New cards

Pentateuch

Christian word for Torah

New cards
New cards

Mediterranean Sea

borders western coast line of Israel

New cards
New cards

Phylacteries

public expression of prayer, 2 boxes (one on head and one on heart), represents heart and mind being in Torah

New cards
New cards

Polygamy

having more than one wife

New cards
New cards

Original Intent

true source of something, main objective of writer

New cards
New cards

Moses

religious leader of Hebrews, connected with 10 commandments

New cards
New cards

Seder Plate

symbolic/ reminder of Exodus experience

New cards
New cards

Menorah

a branch candleholder, connected to Hanukah

New cards
New cards

Prayer Shawl

over shoulder shawl for reading Torah, worn for prayer, 613 knots stand for 613 laws

New cards
New cards

Kosher

dietary laws "pure" or "fit"

New cards
New cards

Sea People

philistines, EX: Goliath

New cards
New cards

Patriarch

Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, fore fathers of Judaism

New cards
New cards

613 laws

jewish guidelines/ commandments

New cards
New cards

Tell

excavate a mound

New cards
New cards

Solomon

David's son, built 1st temple, cause for split of Israel

New cards
New cards

Exodus and the Divine Deliverance

essential theme of Hebrew Scripture

New cards
New cards

To Live Simply

how jews identified their identity, made them different form Egyptians

New cards
New cards

Exodus Journey

freedom

New cards
New cards

Polytheism

many God's

New cards
New cards

Monotheism

1 God

New cards
New cards

Jewish Temple/Synagogue

place of worship, study and community

New cards
New cards

Magisterium of the Church

power house of Church (Pope, Bishops, etc.)

New cards
New cards

Hebrew, Aramaic

Greek, languages and Hebrew Scripture

New cards