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Study terms and definitions
The oral cavity extends from ___ to ____?
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inner surface teeth to the oral pharynx
What forms the hard and soft palate?
What does the soft palate terminate as?
The tongue forms the floor of the mouth, what can hide here?
Where do the tonsils lie between?
anterior and posterior pillars
What is the purpose of gums?
Hold teeth in place
What is the medical term for gums?
What are the two types of gingivia?
Maxilla and mandible
What structure connects the lips and gingival?
Gingivia margins are scalloped with?
The mucous membrane that lines the cheeks is called?
What is the name of the duct that is the opening of the parotid gland?**
Stentson’s duct opens into buccal mucosa near which molar?**
What’s another name for the Stenson’s duct?**
What is the reddish structure called that is adjacent to the gingivia?
What does the alveolar mucosa merge with?
labial mucosa of the lip
What is the shallow space between gums and each tooth called? (it is probed and measured by dentists)
What does probing tell dentists?
How deep your pockets are
What are people with deep pockets in between teeth at risk for?
gingivitis/ tooth erosion
What is periodontal disease?
Disease of the teeth and bones
What is periodontal disease affect on gingivia and teeth?
loss/resorption of gingivia; tooth loosening and tooth loss
What are the 4 different tissues of the teeth?
Enamel, Dentin, Pulp, and cementum
What is considered the most highly calcified tissue in the body?
Which tissue is the bulk/largest portion of the tooth?
What color is the dentin?
If you lose your enamel, does it come back?
What tissue lies under the dentin?
The pulp holds blood supply and the nerve branches of which CN nerve?
CN V (trigeminal nerve)
Which tissue covers the root of the tooth and attaches to the bone?
What are the teeth of a child called?***
How many deciduous teeth are there?***
What are adult teeth called?***
How many secondary dentition are there?***
Most people have 28 secondary dentition, why?
wisdom teeth removal
What is the main organ of taste?
Which bone does the tongue attach to?
The hyoid bone
What are the two functions the tongue aids in?
speech and mastication (chewing)
Which nerve supplies motor movement to the tongue?
CN XII Hypoglossal
What are the large taste buds on the back of the tongue called?
What are the smaller tastebuds on the main part of the tongue called?
What is the midline of the tongue called?
What nerve innervates the taste function of the anterior 2/3 of tongue?***
CN VII (facial)
What nerve innervates the taste function of the posterior 1/3 of the tongue?***
CN IX (glossopharyngeal)
What portion of the tongue is responsible for sweet sensation?
What portion of the tongue is responsible for the sour and bitter sensation?
What portion of the tongue is responsible for the salty sensation?
What are the white patches called that can be found on the floor of the mouth?
What are the red patches called that can be found on the floor of the mouth?
Why do a lot of oral cancers originate on the floor of the mouth?
It is never checked on a physical exam
What is the name of the mucuos retention cyst that can be found on the floor of the mouth?***
What color is a ranula?
What is the opening of the submandibular gland referred to as?****
What are the raised/rigged folds seen anteriorly on the hard palate?
Which palate is a concave bone structure?
Which palate is muscular and flexible?
The soft palate lies posterior or anterior to the hard palate?
What does the uvula aid in?
closing off the nasopharynx during swallowing
What type of palate disformity occurs in only 1:1000 births?
What is Candida inside the mouth called?
What is the name for the benign bony protrusion on the hard palate?
Petechiae of the palate is seen with which 3 diagnosis?
endocarditis, leukemia, and mono
What are the 3 salivary glands in order from largest to smallest?
Parotid, submandibular, and sublingual
Which salivary gland lies anterior to the ear?
Which salivary gland is located below and in front of the mandible?
Which salivary gland is located beneath the tongue?
Match the salivary gland with its DUCT: Parotid and Submandibular
Parotid= Stensen’s duct
Submandibular= Wharton’s duct
The sublingual duct drains through numerous small ducts that all terminate at the Duct of ?
Rivinus*** (slide 15)
The largest and major duct of the sublingual salivary gland is called?
What are salivary stones called?
What can large sialoliths in the mouth lead to?
ductal obstruction, salivary stasis, infection, and bad breath
What causes “kissing tonsils”?
enlargement from infection or tumor
What are deep pockets in the tonsils that can develop with chronic infections?
What are 3 infections that cause the tonsils to have an exudate or membrane covering them?
Strep, Mono, and Diphtheria
What does Edentulous mean?
Why are oral cancers seen more in males than females?
More men smoke/do not go to dentist
What does the symptom Halitosis mean?
What does the symptom Xerostomia mean?
What are oral caries?
Why do we prophylax or give antibiotics to patients with medical problems (ex: recent hip replacement) before they get any dental treatment?
prevent any infection from occurring in the bloodstream
What do you observe the lips for?
any lumps, lesions, ulcers, cracking, scaliness, or swelling
Where is the vermilion border of the lip?
top lining of the upper lip (where lipstick is put)
What is an aphthous ulcer on the labial muscosa called?
What does a black line across the gingivia indicate?
Gingivitis causes the gums to turn color from pink to?