PD Lecture Quiz 7- Pharynx

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The oral cavity extends from ___ to ____?

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145 Terms

1

The oral cavity extends from ___ to ____?

inner surface teeth to the oral pharynx

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2

What forms the hard and soft palate?

Oral Cavity

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3

What does the soft palate terminate as?

Uvula

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4

The tongue forms the floor of the mouth, what can hide here?

cancers

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5

Where do the tonsils lie between?

anterior and posterior pillars

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6

What is the purpose of gums?

Hold teeth in place

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7

What is the medical term for gums?

Gingiva

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8

What are the two types of gingivia?

Maxilla and mandible

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9

What structure connects the lips and gingival?

Frenulum

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10

Gingivia margins are scalloped with?

interdental papillae

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11

The mucous membrane that lines the cheeks is called?

Buccal Mucosa

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12

What is the name of the duct that is the opening of the parotid gland?**

Stensen’s duct

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13

Stentson’s duct opens into buccal mucosa near which molar?**

2nd molar

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14

What’s another name for the Stenson’s duct?**

parotid duct

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15

What is the reddish structure called that is adjacent to the gingivia?

alveolar mucosa

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16

What does the alveolar mucosa merge with?

labial mucosa of the lip

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17

What is the shallow space between gums and each tooth called? (it is probed and measured by dentists)

gingivla sulcus

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18

What does probing tell dentists?

How deep your pockets are

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19

What are people with deep pockets in between teeth at risk for?

gingivitis/ tooth erosion

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20

What is periodontal disease?

Disease of the teeth and bones

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21

What is periodontal disease affect on gingivia and teeth?

loss/resorption of gingivia; tooth loosening and tooth loss

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22

What are the 4 different tissues of the teeth?

Enamel, Dentin, Pulp, and cementum

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23

What is considered the most highly calcified tissue in the body?

enamel

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24

Which tissue is the bulk/largest portion of the tooth?

dentin

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25

What color is the dentin?

brown

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26

If you lose your enamel, does it come back?

No

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27

What tissue lies under the dentin?

pulp

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28

The pulp holds blood supply and the nerve branches of which CN nerve?

CN V (trigeminal nerve)

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29

Which tissue covers the root of the tooth and attaches to the bone?

cementum

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30

What are the teeth of a child called?***

Deciduous teeth

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31

How many deciduous teeth are there?***

20

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32

What are adult teeth called?***

Secondary dentition

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33

How many secondary dentition are there?***

32

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34

Most people have 28 secondary dentition, why?

wisdom teeth removal

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35

What is the main organ of taste?

Tongue

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36

Which bone does the tongue attach to?

The hyoid bone

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37

What are the two functions the tongue aids in?

speech and mastication (chewing)

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38

Which nerve supplies motor movement to the tongue?

CN XII Hypoglossal

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39

What are the large taste buds on the back of the tongue called?

Papillae circumvullate

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40

What are the smaller tastebuds on the main part of the tongue called?

filiform papillae

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41

What is the midline of the tongue called?

medican sulcus

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42

What nerve innervates the taste function of the anterior 2/3 of tongue?***

CN VII (facial)

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43

What nerve innervates the taste function of the posterior 1/3 of the tongue?***

CN IX (glossopharyngeal)

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44

What portion of the tongue is responsible for sweet sensation?

anterior 2/3

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45

What portion of the tongue is responsible for the sour and bitter sensation?

posterior 1/3

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46

What portion of the tongue is responsible for the salty sensation?

lateral

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47

What are the white patches called that can be found on the floor of the mouth?

Leukoplakia

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48

What are the red patches called that can be found on the floor of the mouth?

Erythroplakia

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49

Why do a lot of oral cancers originate on the floor of the mouth?

It is never checked on a physical exam

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50

What is the name of the mucuos retention cyst that can be found on the floor of the mouth?***

ranula

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51

What color is a ranula?

bluish

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52

What is the opening of the submandibular gland referred to as?****

Wharton’s duct

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53

What are the raised/rigged folds seen anteriorly on the hard palate?

rugae

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54

Which palate is a concave bone structure?

Hard palate

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55

Which palate is muscular and flexible?

Soft palate

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56

The soft palate lies posterior or anterior to the hard palate?

posterior

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57

What does the uvula aid in?

closing off the nasopharynx during swallowing

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58

What type of palate disformity occurs in only 1:1000 births?

cleft palate

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59

What is Candida inside the mouth called?

Oral thrush

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60

What is the name for the benign bony protrusion on the hard palate?

Torus palatinus

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61

Petechiae of the palate is seen with which 3 diagnosis?

endocarditis, leukemia, and mono

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62

What are the 3 salivary glands in order from largest to smallest?

Parotid, submandibular, and sublingual

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63

Which salivary gland lies anterior to the ear?

parotid

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64

Which salivary gland is located below and in front of the mandible?

submandibular

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65

Which salivary gland is located beneath the tongue?

sublingual

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66

Match the salivary gland with its DUCT: Parotid and Submandibular

Parotid= Stensen’s duct

Submandibular= Wharton’s duct

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67

The sublingual duct drains through numerous small ducts that all terminate at the Duct of ?

Rivinus*** (slide 15)

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68

The largest and major duct of the sublingual salivary gland is called?

Bartholin duct****

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69

What are salivary stones called?

Sialoliths

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70

What can large sialoliths in the mouth lead to?

ductal obstruction, salivary stasis, infection, and bad breath

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71

What causes “kissing tonsils”?

enlargement from infection or tumor

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72

What are deep pockets in the tonsils that can develop with chronic infections?

Crypts

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73

What are 3 infections that cause the tonsils to have an exudate or membrane covering them?

Strep, Mono, and Diphtheria

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74

What does Edentulous mean?

No teeth

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75

Why are oral cancers seen more in males than females?

More men smoke/do not go to dentist

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76

What does the symptom Halitosis mean?

bad breath

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77

What does the symptom Xerostomia mean?

dry mouth

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78

What are oral caries?

cavities

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79

Why do we prophylax or give antibiotics to patients with medical problems (ex: recent hip replacement) before they get any dental treatment?

prevent any infection from occurring in the bloodstream

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80

What do you observe the lips for?

any lumps, lesions, ulcers, cracking, scaliness, or swelling

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81

Where is the vermilion border of the lip?

top lining of the upper lip (where lipstick is put)

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82

What is an aphthous ulcer on the labial muscosa called?

canker sore

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83

What does a black line across the gingivia indicate?

lead poisoning

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84

Gingivitis causes the gums to turn color from pink to?

red

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85

The loss of gingivia causes?

long abnormal teeth

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86

If the tone of the tongue is floppy/falling back on inspection, what does this indicate?

impairment of CN XII hypoglossal

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87

The tongue is normally midline, if the tongue deviates to one side what does this indicate?

cerebral pathology (brain bleed, brain lesion, etc.)

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88

The tongue always deviates to the affected or unaffected side?***

affected (“tongue goes to where the party is”)

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89

If a patient has a right sided brain bleed, the tongue will be deviated to which side?

right

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90

The Uvula will always deviate to the affected or unaffected side?***

unaffected (normal side)

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91

If a patient has a right sided brain lesion, the uvula is going to be deviated to which side?

left

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92

Where is the most common cancer of the mouth found on?

the lip

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93

The SECOND most common cancer of the mouth is found on ?

the tongue

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94

Why would the lip be the most common sight of cancer for the mouth?

sun exposure

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95

What are the CN nerves responsible for the rise and fall of the soft palate and the gag reflex?

CN IX (glossopharyngeal) and CN X (vagus)

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96

What is the CN responsible for hoarseness?

CN X

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97

Mononucleosis is most often confused with what other infection?

strep pharyngitis (has distinct lines on tonsils)

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98

What is the softening and fissuring of skin at edges of mouth?

Angular Cheilitis

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99

What causes Angular Cheilitis?

nutritional deficiency or over closure of mouth

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100

What is a pallor, scaly, thick, and slightly everted lower lip due to excessive sun exposure known as?

Actinic chelitis

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