GEOG 316 Midterm Review

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Cartography

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csun Geography 316

228 Terms

1

Cartography

Study of Maps

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2

Conservation

Use within certain biological limits

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3

Exploitation

abusing a locations resources

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4

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

analyze relationships between population density and soil fertility

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5

Gifford Pinchot

German Conservationist

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6

Hetch Hetchy Valley

important issue to dam or not to dam

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7

Human Geography

study of human or social phenomena

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8

human environment geography

study of nature environment

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9

John Muir

Preservationist- established the first national parks

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10

Modifiable Areal Unit Problem

When modifying an area, biodiversity gets lowered

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11

Net primary Productivity

Consuming an amount and then having to consume elsewhere because it ran out

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12

non consumptive use

hiking, camping

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13

Physical Geography

study of biophysical phenomena

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14

politics of scale

political implications of the choice of scale preservation

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15

remote sensing

sensing something without making direct contact. Eyes, aerial photography, satellite imagery

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16

scale

the amount or size of something usually in relation to another

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17

sustainable yield

annual growth increment

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18

agenda 21

action plan for sustainable development at the Earth Summit

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19

brown issues

pollution issues related to industrialization and urbanization

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20

Brundtland Report

1987, Report from the World Commission on Environment and Development called Our Common Future

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21

Cowboy Economics

Strip an area of resources and then move to the next one

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22

development

improvement in the living standards of society

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23

Desertification

leaving an environment barren

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24

Dust Bowl

terrible windborne erosion in the US central grasslands

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25

Earth Day

day to inspire awareness and understanding of Earth’s natural environment on April 22nd 1970

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26

Earth Summit

second conference on environmental and development in 1992 in Rio

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27

Environmental Kuznets Curve

With national wealth comes income inequality

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28

Environmentalism

concern for human impacts on the environment

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29

green issues

forestry, parks and wildlife issues

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30

local food movement

shipping food around the world emits a ton of greenhouse gasses

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31

Post Humanism

Philosophy that pushes beyond the scope of humans and includes non humans too

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32

Socionature

removes lens between social and natural worlds

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33

sustainability

idea that an activity could last indefinitely without resource depletion

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34

sustainable development

development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs

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35

UN Convention on Biological Diversity

Kept biodiversity of that top of the international environmental agenda

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36

UN Framework Convention On Climate Change

1992 Earth Summit Where Climate change negotiations occurred

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37

Biomes are primarily classified by the dominant faunal communities found there

False

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38

What is an Ecosystem

structural and functional unit of ecology where the living organisms interact with each other and the surrounding environment

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39

Wildlife, moisture, temperature

environmental controls

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40

Water has a higher specific heat than land

True

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41

Which Biome is characterized by Xerophytes

Desert

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42

Kinds of Environments in which species are adapted to live in

habitat

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43

What is a Biome

large recognizable assemblages of plants and animals living in a functional relationship with the environment

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44

Define Ecology

Deals with the interrelationship of organisms and their environments

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45

Air flows from areas of low pressure to high pressure

false

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46

The concept that communities proceed through a predictable step by step change over time

Succession

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47

In what hemisphere would be the highest daily solar insolation values in June

Northern hemisphere

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48

Disturbance may have positive effects for certain species in an ecosystem

True

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49

In Simple terms Physical Geography

deals with the how and why things are where they are and investigates the processes that made them so

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50

Biome most likely found in equatorward margins of midlatitudes

Temperate Deciduous

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51

Mechanism that drives wind and water currents as well as the climate

Differential Heating

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52

In ecological terms, niche is

the role an organism plays in a community

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53

Relative reflectivity or absorption properties of a surface

Albedo

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54

The Hydrosphere in physical geography refers to

water in all its forms on earth

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55

abiotic

non living

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56

biotic

living

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57

albedo

reflective power

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58

angle of incidence

tilt of the Earth towards a particular direction of the sun

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59

anthropogenic

human induced change

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60

arid

true arid deserts get less than 250mm of rain

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61

semi arid

semi arid deserts get 500mm of rain

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62

aspect

direction towards which a hill or mountain slope faces

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63

atmosphere

gaseous layer that surrounds the earth

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64

Biogeography

study of patterns and relationships found in the living environment

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65

Biome

plant and animal communities with distinct characteristics. Defined by dominant vegetation

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66

Fauna

animals found in region

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67

Flora

plant life found in region

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68

Biosphere

Encompasses all living organisms on Earth

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69

Bioturbation (of soils)

animal disturbance and mixing of soils

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70

climax community

thought to be the endgame vegetation for the area and what a biome was based off of

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71

community

assembly of all organisms living in a prescribed area

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72

competition

mutually detrimental interaction between individuals in which they compete over a limited resource

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73

Condensation

when dew cools even further and forms clouds

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74

climate

average condition of weather over a long period of time)

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75

weather

day to day state of the atmosphere

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76

closed forest canopy

continuous forest cover

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77

deciduous forest

found in hot lowlands with high rain

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78

dew point

air warms and absorbs water then cools and air is saturated

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79

disturbance

perturbations to the natural systems that are typically short lived

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80

Ecology

interrelationships of organisms and their environments

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81

Ecosystem

state of biotic and abiotic components in a given environment

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82

Ecotone

transition zones of competition in which one biome interacts with another

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83

Environmental lapse rate

Temperature change as a function of elevation. 6.4 C/km

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84

Spring Equinox

March 21st

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85

Fall Equinox

September 22nd

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86

Summer Solstice

June 21st

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87

Winter Solstice

December 21st

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88

Evapotranspiration

water is transferred from land to atmosphere by evaporation from soil and transpiration from plants

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89

Generalists

species that can live virtually anywhere

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90

glacial period

repeated advance and retreat of ice sheets

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91

global carbon cycle

source and a sink for carbon which has consequences for carbon exchange on earth

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92

Hadley Cell Circulation

Air descends and creates downward drying winds

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93

Holocene (epoch)

the last 12,000 years of human history

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94

Hydrosphere

water in all its forms

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95

ice ages

common name for glacial periods

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96

interglacial period

warmer and wetter than the ice ages

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97

Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)

located near the equator and has a very humid climate

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98

keystone species

limit distribution and community structure of many species in an ecosystem through direct or indirect effects. Critical role in maintaining entire ecosystems

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99

Krummholz

vegetation type common to transition areas between boreal forests and the tundra. Crooked wood in German

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100

Landforms

things like hills and valleys

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