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Tags and Description

72 Terms

1

adage

a familiar proverb or wise saying ex: Opposites attract. Don't judge a book by its cover.

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2

allegory

a literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions

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3

alliterations

the repetition of initial sounds in successive or neighboring words

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4

allusion

a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize

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5

analogy

a comparison of two different things that are similar in some way

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6

antecedent

the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers

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7

archetype

a detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response ex: The wise advisor, the femme fatal

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8

argument

a statement of the meaning or main point of a literary work

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9

cliché

an expression that has been overused to the extent that its freshness has worn off ex: Plenty of fish in the sea.

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10

climax

the point of highest interest in a literary work

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11

complex sentence

a sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause

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12

compound sentence

a sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses, often joined by one or more conjunctions

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13

concrete details

details that relate to or describe actual, specific things or events

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14

dialogue

conversation between two or more people

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15

diction

the word choices made by a writer

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16

dissonance

harsh, inharmonious, or discordant sounds

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17

ellipsis

the omission of a word or phrase which is grammatically necessary but can be deduced from the context ex: Some people prefer cats; others, dogs.

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18

epigraph

a saying or statement on the title page of a work, or used as a heading for a chapter or other section of a work

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19

epilogue

a section at the end of the story that finishes or sums up the story

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20

epiphany

a moment of sudden revelation or insight

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21

euphemism

an indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant

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22

fable

a brief story that leads to a moral, often using animals as characters

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23

fantasy

a story that concerns an unreal world or contains unreal characters; a fantasy may be merely whimsical, or it may present a serious point

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24

figurative language

language employing one or more figures of speech (simile, metaphor, imagery, etc.)

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25

flashback

the insertion of an earlier event into the normal chronological order of a narrative

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26

foreshadowing

the presentation of material in such a way that the reader is prepared for what is to come later in the work

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27

genre

a major category or type of literature

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28

hyperbole

intentional exaggeration to create an effect

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29

idiom

an expression in a given language that cannot be understood from the literal meaning of the words in the expression; or, a regional speech or dialect ex: Kill two birds with a stone

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30

imagery

the use of figures of speech to create vivid images that appeal to one of the senses

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31

irony

the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually occurs

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32

litotes

a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite ex: describing a particularly horrific scene by saying "It was not a pretty picture"

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33

metaphor

a direct comparison of two different things

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34

mood

the emotional atmosphere of a work

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35

motif

a standard theme, element, or dramatic situation that recurs in various works

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36

narrative

a story or narrated account

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37

narrator

the one who tells the story; may be first- or third-person, limited or omniscient

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38

omniscient narrator

a narrator who is able to know, see, and tell all, including the inner thoughts and feelings of the characters

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39

onomataopeia

a word formed from the imitations of natural sounds

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40

oxymoron

an expression in which two words that contradict each other are joined ex: bittersweet

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41

paradox

an apparently contradictory statement that actually contains some truth ex: The more you fail, the more likely you are to succeed.

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42

parallelism

the use of corresponding grammatical or syntactical forms (parallel structure)

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43

paraphrase

a restatement of a text in a different form or in different words, often for the purpose of clarity

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44

parenthetical

a comment that interrupts the immediate subject, often for the purpose of clarity

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45

pedantic

characterized by an excessive display of learning or scholarship

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46

personification

endowing non-human objects or creatures with human qualities or characteristics

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47

plot

the action of a narrative or drama

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48

point of view

the vantage point from which a story is told

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49

resolution

the falling action of a narrative, the events following the climax

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50

rhetorical question

a question asked merely for rhetorical effect and not requiring an answer

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51

riddle

a question requiring thought to answer or understand; a puzzle or conundrum

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52

sarcasm

harsh, cutting language or tone intended to ridicule

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53

satire

the use of humor to emphasize human weaknesses or imperfections in social institutions

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54

scene

A real or fictional episode; a division of an act in a play

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55

setting

the time, place, and environment in which actions take place

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56

simile

a comparison of two things using "like," "as," or other specifically comparative words

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57

simple sentence

A sentence consisting of one independent clause and no dependent clause

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58

soliloquy

actor on stage performing only to the audience; a character's thoughts or monologue

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59

symbol

an object that is used to represent something else

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60

syntax

the manner in which words are arranged into sentences

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61

theme

a central idea of a work

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62

thesis

the primary position taken by a writer or speaker

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63

tone

the attitude of a writer, usually implied, toward the subject or audience

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64

turning point

a point in a work in which a very significant change occurs

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65

understatement

the deliberate representation of something as lesser in magnitude than it actually is; a deliberate under-emphasis

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66

Colloquialism

Informal words or expression not usually acceptable in formal writing.

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67

Style

the choices a writer makes; the combination of distinctive features of a literary work

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68

Structure

the arrangement or framework of a sentence, paragraph, or entire work

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69

Rhetorical devices

literary techniques used to heighten the effectiveness of expression

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70

Rhetoric

the art of presenting ideas in a clear, effective, and persuasive manner

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71

Surrealism

an artistic movement emphasizing the imagination and characterized by incongruous juxtapositions and lack of conscious control

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72

Exposition

Characters, setting of the story

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