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110 Terms

1

Reading

The complex cognitive process of discovering the meaning of symbols and constructing meaning from written texts.

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2

Grapheme

The smallest functional unit of a writing system, such as a letter or a number of letters that represent a sound (phoneme) in a word.

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3

Reading comprehension skills

a) Identifying simple facts presented in written text (literal comprehension), b) Making judgments about the written text's content (evaluative comprehension), c) Connecting the text to other written passages and situations (inferential comprehension).

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4

Art

The skillful application of knowledge, expression of the beautiful, product of human expression and creativity, and interpretation/reflection of nature.

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5

Aesthetics

The study of beauty and the appreciation of art primarily for its beauty or emotional power.

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6

Art

Created when an artist creates a beautiful object or produces a stimulating experience that is considered by his audience to have artistic merit.

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7

Visual art

Takes nature and man's ability to capture a moment on a piece of paper or other media that can be chiefly perceived by the sense of sight.

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8

Ceramics

A form of visual art that involves creating objects, usually out of clay, and then firing them in a kiln to harden them.

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9

Drawing

A form of visual art that involves creating images by making marks on a surface, usually with a pencil, pen, or charcoal.

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10

Painting

A form of visual art that involves applying paint to a surface, usually with a brush, to create an image or design.

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11

Sculpture

A form of visual art that involves creating three-dimensional objects, usually by carving, modeling, or assembling materials.

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12

Printmaking

A form of visual art that involves creating images by transferring ink from a prepared plate or block onto paper or another surface.

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13

Design

A form of visual art that involves creating plans or layouts for objects, spaces, or systems, often with a focus on functionality and aesthetics.

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14

Crafts

A form of visual art that involves creating objects by hand, often using traditional techniques and materials.

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15

Photography

A form of visual art that involves capturing images using a camera and recording them on a light-sensitive medium, such as film or a digital sensor.

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16

Video/film making

A form of visual art that involves creating moving images by recording and editing sequences of still images or live-action footage.

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17

Interior design

A form of visual art that involves planning and designing the layout, furnishings, and decorations of interior spaces.

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18

Architecture

A form of visual art that involves designing and constructing buildings and other structures.

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19

Assemblage

A form of visual art that involves creating three-dimensional compositions by combining found objects or materials.

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20

Collage

A form of visual art that involves creating compositions by pasting or layering different materials, such as paper, fabric, or photographs.

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21

Installation

A form of visual art that involves creating site-specific, three-dimensional works that transform the perception of a space.

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22

Theater

A form of visual art that involves live performances, often including acting, singing, dancing, and stagecraft.

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23

Digital animation

A form of visual art that involves creating moving images using computer software and techniques.

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24

Land art

A form of visual art that involves creating sculptures or interventions in natural landscapes, often using natural materials.

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25

Graffiti

A form of visual art that involves creating images or lettering on public surfaces, often using spray paint or markers.

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Artistic expression

The use of visual art as a medium for an artist to express their emotions or feelings regarding a particular subject, without focusing on how it will affect the audience.

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27

Narrative function

The use of visual art to tell a story or relate the history of one's people.

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Functional purpose

How art has both aesthetic and useful value, particularly referring to structures or art pieces that are designed to be aesthetically pleasing while also serving a _________________.

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29

Persuasive function

How artworks are meant to make an audience believe a message or convince them of something.

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Subject

The visual focus or main person, object, scene, or event depicted in or perceived from the artwork.

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Content

The message given by a piece of art, including the subject, techniques used, colors used, and anything that the artist used to make a statement and give a message.

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32

Form

The development and configuration of the artwork, including how the elements exist, how they relate to each other, and how they contribute to the whole artwork.

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33

Non-representational art

Art that does not represent real objects and focuses on how the artwork is depicted.

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34

Abstract art

Art that depicts objects from reality but presents/distorts them in a way that is different from reality.

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35

Representational art

Art that depicts objects that can be easily recognized as they represent actual objects from reality.

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36

History

The subject of an artwork is drawn from events in history, narrating a historical event.

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37

Mythology or Allegory

The subject of an artwork is a scene from fiction, showing characters such as gods and goddesses and other supernatural beings.

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38

Religion

The subject of an artwork shows scenes or persons from the Bible or other religious texts, expressing a particular attitude to the relationship between man and God.

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39

Wildlife

Animals and their habitat are the primary subject matter of an artwork or are included in a design for their symbolic importance.

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40

Portraiture

The subject of an artwork is a person, either famous or ordinary, with the face as the focal point, aiming to create a likeness that represents aspects of the person's personality.

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41

Genre or Everyday Life

The subject of an artwork is scenes from everyday life, depicting domestic and agricultural occupations or banquet scenes.

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42

Still Life

The subject of an artwork is inanimate objects such as fruit, flowers, or jewelry, arranged for maximum design or compositional effect.

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43

Landscape

A genre of art that depicts natural scenery, such as mountains, rivers, and trees.

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44

Cityscape

Similar to landscape art, but it depicts urban areas, including towns, cities, buildings, and factories.

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45

Seascape

Art that depicts bodies of water, such as the sea or rivers.

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46

Dream and Fantasy

A subject in art that combines real objects with whimsical and unrealistic backgrounds or objects, or both imaginary objects and environments.

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47

Artistic Styles

Different ways that artists use various styles to communicate their ideas.

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48

Naturalistic Style

A style that uses recognizable images with a high level of accuracy in their depiction, often creating a realistic representation of the object.

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49

Abstract

A style based on a recognizable object but manipulated through distortion, scale issues, or other artistic devices.

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50

Cultural Styles

Distinctive characteristics in artworks that are specific to a particular society or culture, often including recurring motifs created by many artists.

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51

Fine Arts

A category of art that includes drawings, paintings, sculptures, photographs, and new media, typically found in museum collections and sold through commercial art galleries.

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52

Drawing

The act of creating images or designs using various tools and media such as graphite, charcoal, crayon, pastel, ink, and markers.

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53

Painting

The application of pigments to a support surface to create an image, design, or decoration. It is one of the oldest creative mediums and is typically done with liquid pigments applied with a brush.

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54

Painting Mediums

Various materials used in painting, including encaustic paint, tempera paint, fresco paint, oil paint, acrylic paint, and watercolor paint. Each medium has its own unique properties and characteristics.

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55

Sculpture

A three-dimensional artistic representation of thoughts or emotions. Sculpting is the process of shaping or molding materials into sculptures or statues, and a person who creates sculptures is called a sculptor.

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56

Sculpture:

The art of creating three-dimensional forms by carving or molding materials such as clay, stone, ceramic, wood, or other materials.

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57

Installation art

Art that utilizes multiple objects from various mediums and takes up entire spaces, often addressing aesthetic and narrative ideas on a larger scale than traditional sculpture. It provides a complete unified experience for the viewer.

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58

Popular Culture

The category that includes the many products and images we are exposed to every day, such as posters, graffiti, advertising, popular music, television, digital imagery, magazines, books, movies, cars, celebrity status, and the ideas and attitudes that define the contemporary period of a particular culture.

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59

Signage

The design or use of signs and symbols to deliver a message to a certain demographic, usually for sales or advocacy reasons. __________ can be visual graphics that impart a message, such as road signs, building entrance and exit signs, banners, billboards, murals, street signs, street name signs, sandwich boards, and lawn signs.

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60

Media art

Artworks that depend on a technological component to function, incorporating emerging technologies into their artworks and redefining traditional categories of art.

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61

Craft

A category of art that shows a high degree of skilled workmanship in its production. Craft works are normally associated with utilitarian purposes, but can be aesthetic works in themselves, often highly decorated. Handmade furniture and glassware, fine metalworking and leather goods are other examples of craft.

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62

Function

The purpose or role of the school logo.

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63

Artistic subject

The main subject or theme depicted in the school logo.

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64

Artistic style

artistic approach used in creating the school logo.

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65

Function

The intended purpose or use of the Manunggul Jar.

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66

Artistic subject

The main subject or theme depicted on the Manunggul Jar.

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67

Artistic style

artistic approach used in creating the carvings/engravings on the Manunggul Jar.

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68

Meanings of the carvings/engravings

The symbolic or cultural significance of the carvings/engravings on the Manunggul Jar that express views on death.

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69

Department Logo

A visual representation or symbol that gives a visual identity to a department or organization. It can also represent the foundations or goals of the department.

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70

Visual Arts

Various forms of art that utilize visuals, such as photographs, furniture, architecture, webpage layouts, posters, book covers, food packages, clothing, and jewelry. Visuals in artworks convey content and have meanings behind them.

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71

Craftsmanship/Effort:

The level of detail, use of shapes, patterns, value, and texture in artwork, as well as the volume of work.

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72

Expressiveness

The degree to which artwork shows the student's unique view and resourcefulness in creating a proposed logo, and its visual appeal.

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73

Punctuality

The timeliness of submitting the output.

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74

Reading

The process of understanding written text.

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75

Visual Arts Curriculum Guide

A guide developed by the Curriculum Development Council that provides guidance for teaching visual arts.

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76

Importance of Visual Arts

An article from the Roth Society that highlights the significance of visual arts.

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77

Rethinking How Art is Taught

A book by D. Walling that explores alternative approaches to art education.

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78

Image Sources

Various sources where images used in the document can be found.

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79

Gesture drawing

A technique used to quickly capture the essence and movement of a subject, typically done with loose and expressive lines.

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80

Elements of visual art

The basic building blocks or materials used by artists in creating their work, such as line, value, color, shape, form, texture, and space.

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81

Medium

The physical material used to create an artwork.

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82

Line

A mark or sign that shows direction, orientation, or motion in a piece of art. It can be straight or curved and carries expressive content.

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83

Value

The degree of lightness or darkness in a paint or graphic, which is dependent on the artist's perspective and use of colors.

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84

Color

A phenomenon of light or visual perception that enables differentiation of otherwise identical objects. It adds to the effects of line and value and has properties such as hue, harmony, and saturation.

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85

Primary colors

The most basic colors on the color wheel, which are red, blue, and yellow. They cannot be created by mixing other colors together and can only be derived through natural pigments.

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86

Secondary colors

Colors created by mixing equal parts of any two primary colors together. The secondary colors are orange, green, and purple (or violet).

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87

Tertiary colors

Colors that result from mixing equal parts of a primary color with a secondary color. Referred to by a two-word name, listing the primary color first and then the secondary color.

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88

Complementary colors

Colors that are located directly opposite each other on the color wheel. When equal amounts of complementary colors are mixed together, they will cancel each other out resulting in a neutral gray.

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89

Split complementary colors

A variation of the complementary color scheme that uses two complementary color schemes that are adjacent to each other in the color wheel.

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90

Triadic color scheme

A color scheme made up of three colors that are equally spaced from one another on the color wheel, forming an equilateral triangle.

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91

Analogous colors

A set of colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. The closeness of each color in the color wheel makes them similar.

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92

Warm colors

Colors located at the right side of the color wheel. They tend to advance into the foreground and come toward the viewer.

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93

Cool colors

Colors located at the left side of the color wheel. They tend to recede into the background and move away from the viewer.

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94

Saturation

The intensity of color in an image, which can be bright or pale. It determines how a certain hue will look in certain lighting conditions.

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95

Value

The darkness or lightness of a color. It determines the brightness or darkness of a color.

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96

Shape

Formed when a line or lines meet to confine a space. It defines a thing's length and width but not its depth or height.

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97

Geometric shape

Shapes that can be described with mathematical computations and have well-defined edges.

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98

Organic shape

Free, informal, and irregular shapes, like those found in nature.

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99

Static shape

Shapes that are stable and resting.

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100

Dynamic shape

Shapes that appear to be moving or active.

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