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Terracotta

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134 Terms

1

Terracotta

baked clay or earthenware

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2

Agora

public open space that functioned as a Marketplace and Center for politics and other assemblies

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3

Temenos

sacred enclosure surrounding a temple or sanctuary

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4

Frieze

any sculpture or painting in a long horizontal format

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5

Cella

inner chamber of a temple usually houses a cold statue

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6

opisthodomos

Back Porch or rear room of a greek temple

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7

Peristyle

line of columns and closing a space

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8

Entasis

Bulging center of a column constructed to correct the optical illusion that may otherwise make the column shaft appear to curve inward

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9

shaft

vertical cylinder part of a column top by a capital and sometimes rest on the base

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10

Stylobate

uppermost step leading to a temple that creates the platform on which the columns are on

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11

Entablature

horizontal lentil on a building that consists of a different bands of molding might include a architrave, frieze, cornice

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12

Metope

plane or decorative slab on a DORic frieze between triglyphs

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13

pediment

triangular component that sits the top of a column porch doorway or window

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14

sculpture in the round

free

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15

Colonnade

long series of columns at regular intervals that support our roof or other structure

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16

High relief

raised forms that project far from a flat background

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17

Chryselephine

gold and Ivory

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18

Iconography

visual images or symbols used by artists within their work to convey specific meaning

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19

Tumulus

amount of Earth raised over a burial or grave

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20

a sphinx

winged monster with human head and lion body

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21

Griffin

mythological creature with the body of a lion and the head of a bird often winged

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22

Repousse

relief created by hammering malleable metal from the reverse side

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23

chasing

metal work technique in which designs are worked into the front surface of the object

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24

filigree

type of decoration usually on gold or silver

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25

Cloisonne

Decorative enamel work technique which cut gemstones glass or colored enamel paste are separated into compartmented designs by flattened strips of wire

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26

granulation

decorative technique in which beads of precious metal or fuse onto a metal surface

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27

Volute

decorative element in the form of a coiled scroll

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28

Karyatid

Stone statue of a young woman can be used like a column to support the etablature of a temple

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29

Contrapposto

posture of the human body that shifts mostly onto one leg suggesting ease and potential for movement

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30

Cylclopean masonry

Stone building technique in which the large Boulders are roughly shaped and fitted together to create well

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31

Akroteria

sculptures that Adorn the roof of a temple

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32

Slip

layer of fine clay or glaze apply to Ceramics before firing

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33

low relief

raised forms that project only slightly from a flat background

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34

Foreshortening

two

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35

Stele

carved stone slab that is placed upright and often features commemorative imagery or inscriptions

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36

lekythos

small bottle for perfumed oil to anoint a corpse or a grave marker and offering to the dead or the Gods

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37

Krater

large vessel usually use for diluting wine and water

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38

red figure

red decoration on a black background

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39

black figure

black decoration on a red background

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40

Sanctuaries

Sacred Space reserved for worship of a deity often enclosed by a wall and includes open air Alters

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41

megaron

architectural foreigners in Mycenaean Palatial complexes, includes a porch and a main hall

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42

Peristyle

line of columns and closing a space

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43

Cella

inner chamber of a temple usually houses a cold statue

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44

post and lentil

Construction in which two upright posts support a horizontal beam

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45

Entasis

bulging center of a column constructed to correct the obstacle illusion that may otherwise make the column shaft appear to curve inward

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46

stylobate

uppermost step leading to a temple that creates the platform on which the columns are situated

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47

Anta

slightly projecting piers on each side of the entrance to a Greek or Roman Temple that terminate the cella and porch wall

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48

In antis

arranging columns so that the end piers project further than those in the middle

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49

Pronaos

porch or vestibule in the center of a temple

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50

Adyton

rear room behind the cella of a temple, used for rituals, opisthodomos when used in storage

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51

Terracotta

baked clay earthenware

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52

Treasury

buildings paid for by individual Greek city states to house their offerings at the centuries to the god

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53

Akoteria

sculptures that Adorn the roof of a temple

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54

K aryatid

Stone statue of a young woman can be used like a column to support the entablature of a temple

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55

Pediment

triangular component that sits a top of a column porch doorway or window

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56

Capital

distinct top section of a column usually decorative

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57

Frieze

sculpture or painting in a long horizontal format

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58

Low relief

race forms that project only slightly from a flat background

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59

Perspective

two dimensional representation of a three

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60

Foreshortening

two

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61

High relief

raised forms that project far from a background

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62

Cache

deposit of materials or objects that do not include a burial

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63

Chryselephantine

made of golden ivory the Greek word for gold and elephant

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64

Kore

freestanding archaic Greek statue of a clothes young woman

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65

Kouros

Archaic Greek sculpture of a naked young man

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66

Votive

image or object created as a devotional offering to a deity

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67

Peplos

simple long belted Garment of wool worn by women in ancient Greece

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68

archaic smile

upturned lips of a Greek Archaic sculpture

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69

amorpha

ancient Pottery vessel with a narrow neck large oval body and two handles used for storage or bulk transportation of food stuff such as wine olive oil and olives

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70

Contraposto

posture of the human body that shifts most weight onto one leg suggesting ease and potential for movement

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71

Metope

plane or decorative slab on a dork frieze between triglyphs

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72

lost wax casting

method of creating metal sculpture in which a clay mold surrounds a wax model and then is fired when the wax melts away molten metal is poured to fill the space

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73

Flutes

shallow ridges running vertically along a column or other surface

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74

Agora

ancient Greek towns, a public open space that function as a Marketplace and Center for politics and others

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75

Contrapposto

Posture of the human body that shifts most weight onto the leg suggesting ease and potential for movement

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76

Skene

ancient Greek Theater the structure of the back of the stage

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77

Peristyle

line of columns and closing a space

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78

tumulus

mound of Earth raised over a burial or grave

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79

Ashlar

Stonewall masonry technique using finally cut square blocks late in precise rose without or with motor

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80

fresco

painting on wet plaster, and once hardened the painting becomes an integral part of the wall

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81

perspective

two

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82

for shortening

two dimensional artworks, which the illusion of a form receding into space the parts of an object or figure closest to the viewer are depicted as largest and those furthest as small

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83

Barrel vault

tunnel vault a semi cylindrical ceiling that consists of a single curve

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84

triglyph

block with three vertical bands separated bye v

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85

Meotope

plain or decorated slab of a dork frieze between triglyphs

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86

attic

facade or triumphal Arch the section above the frieze decorated with painting sculpture or an inscription

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87

frieze

Part of an entablature located above a architrave

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88

sacrophagus

container for human remains

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89

diadem

crown or ormated headband worn as a sign of status

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90

Repousse

relief created by hammering malleable metal from the reverse side

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91

register

horizontal section of work usually defined by a line or band

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92

Agora

public open space that functioned as a Marketplace and Center for politics

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93

Baroque

style of art and decoration characterized by a sense of drama and splendor through formal spatial projection

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94

sculpture in the round

free

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95

podium

raise platform that serves as a base

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96

high relief

raised forms that project far from a flat background

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97

Akoteria

sculptures that Adorn the roof of a temple

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98

lost wax casting

method of casting metal sculpture in a clay mold that surrounds a wax model and then is fired when the wax melts away molten metal is poor to fill in the space

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99

Buddha

perfect stage of Enlightenment of buddhahood, the enlightened one

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100

monolithic

formed of a singular large block of stone

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