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A literary work that portrays abstract ideas concretely.
Repetition of the same initial consonant sounds in a sequence.
An error of chronology or timeline in a literary piece.
The startling discovery that produces a change from ignorance to knowledge.
A metrical foot consisting of two unaccented syllables followed by an accented syllable.
A person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else.
A pithy observation that contains a general truth.
A short, memorable saying based on facts and considered a veritable truth.
A reference to another work of literature, art, history, or current events.
Repetition of an initial word or words to add emphasis.
Character who opposes the protagonist and creates or intensifies a conflict.
A direct address to an abstraction, thing, animal, or absent person.
A hero in literature who possesses great qualities and overcomes obstacles.
A very typical example of a certain person or thing; universal recurrent symbol or motif.
A dramatic device in which a character speaks to the audience.
Repetition of vowel sounds in a sequence of words.
A sung poem that recounts a dramatic story.
An effect of anticlimax created by a shift from the sublime to the trivial or ridiculous.
Biblical Free Verse
Biblical poetry without a rhyme scheme or consistent metrical pattern.
Unrhymed iambic pentameter, closest to natural patterns of speaking in English.
Pretentious, exaggeratedly learned language.
A combination of words or phrases that sound harsh and unpleasant.
Quality of spoken text formed from combining rhythm and inflection.
A pause within a line of poetry, often mirroring natural speech.
A theme meaning 'seize the day' and enjoy the present.
The action at the end of a tragedy that initiates the falling action.
The emotional release felt by the audience at the end of a tragic drama.
The point in a story when the conflict reaches its highest intensity.
A dramatic work with a light, amusing plot and a happy ending.
Comedy of Manners
A satiric dramatic form that lampoons social conventions.
A metaphor that compares two very unlike things in a surprising and clever way.
The tension, opposition, or struggle that drives a plot.
Meanings or associations readers have with a word beyond its dictionary definition.
Identical final consonant sounds in nearby words with different vowel sounds.
A two-line, rhyming stanza.
A stressed syllable followed by two unstressed ones.
The literal definition of a word.
The phase of a story's plot where the conflict has been resolved.
Deus ex Machina
A god who resolves the entanglements of a play by supernatural intervention.
A brief hymn or song of lamentation and grief, typically performed at a funeral.
A low, loosely constructed form of verse often used for comedy and satire.
A phrase or figure of speech with multiple senses or interpretations.
A poem in which the speaker addresses an audience that is present in the poem.
Pleasing harmony of sounds achieved through the use of serene imagery.
A contemplative poem on death and mortality, often written for someone who has died.
End stopped lines
Lines of poetry that conclude with punctuation, marking a pause.
A fourteen-line poem with three quatrains and a couplet, rhyme scheme abab, cdcd, efef, gg.
A poetic technique in which one line continues to the next without a pause.
A brief witty poem, often satirical.
A character's transformative moment of realization.
Contextual and background information about characters, plot, setting, and situation.
A brief story with an explicit moral provided by the author.
The phase of a plot that follows the climax and resolves the conflict.
A dramatic form marked by absurd situations, slapstick, and raucous wordplay.
A character who contrasts and parallels the main character.
Hints of what is to come in the action of a play or story.
Poetry without a regular rhythm or rhyme scheme.
A concept used to describe tragedy.
Rhyming pairs of verse in iambic pentameter.
A sermon or speech that offers a moral change in direction.
An extreme expression of pride or self-confidence in a character.
Deliberate exaggeration used for emphasis or to produce a comic or ironic effect.
A metrical foot made up of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one.
A description of how something looks, feels, tastes, smells, or sounds.
The source of a work's design and meaning inferred by readers from the text.
The author's image of the recipient fixed and objectified in the text.
In Media Res
A technique in which a narrative begins in the middle of the action.
Irony - Verbal
A figure of speech where what is said is the opposite of what is meant.
Irony - situational
A discrepancy between what is expected and what actually happens.
Irony - Dramatic
Tension created by the contrast between what a character says or thinks and what the audience knows to be true.
Irony - cosmic
Irony involving fate and destiny controlling human hopes and desires.
A fourteen-line poem with an octave and a sestet, rhyme scheme abba, abba, cdecde.
Placing two things side by side for comparison or contrast.
A form of understatement in which a sentiment is expressed ironically by negating its contrary.
Poetry with a musical rhythm that explores romantic feelings or strong emotions.
The mistaken use of an incorrect word resulting in a nonsensical or humorous utterance.
A figure of speech that intentionally understates something or implies it is lesser in significance or size.
Plays with stereotyped villains and heroes representing extremes of good and evil.
A figure of speech that compares or equates two things without using like or as.
A striking analogy between two entities that would not usually invite comparison.
A figure of speech in which something is represented by another thing related to it.
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line.
Miracle and morality plays
Allegorical dramas that personify moral values and abstract ideas to teach lessons.
Poems that use a grand and formal style to describe a common or trivial subject.