HLTH 440G Final Exam Study Guide

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Ethnic

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156 Terms

1

Ethnic

Relating to a large group of people classed according to common racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or background

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2

socioeconomic status

view of place in society involving a combination of social and economic factors

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3

ethnocentrism

belief in the superiority of one’s own ethnic group

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4

demography

the statistical study of populations

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5

anthropology

studies the role of culture in what people and groups do

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6

culture

non physical traits, such as values, beliefs, attitudes, and customs that are shared by a group of people

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7

ethnicity

cultural group’s sense of identification associated with the group’s common social and cultural heritage

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8

religion

belief in a divine or superhuman power. system of beliefs and practices and values

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9

socialization

process of being raised within a culture and acquiring the characteristics of the group

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10

health

balance of the person- physical, mental, spiritual- and outside world

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11

illness

state of imbalance among the body, mind, and spirit. social/psychological phenomena influenced by disease

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12

disease

physiological condition that involves some abnormality that can be observed at a cellular level

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13

healing

holistic phenomenon results in restoration of balance to body, mind, and spirit

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14

culture bound syndrome

combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms considered to be a recognizable disease in a specific culture

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15

culturally competent care

the provider understands and attends to the total context of the patient’s situation, includes knowledge, attitudes, and skills

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16

four components of heritage

religion, ethnicity, culture, socialization

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17

components of diversity

age, sex, race, immigrant status, socioeconomic status

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18

another name for the 1985 report of black and minority health

The Heckler report- mobilize the HHS to eliminate health disparities

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19

HHS’s Principle Standard

Provide effective, equitable, understandable, and respectful quality care and services that are responsive to diverse cultural health beliefs and practices

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20

Main three categories HHS’s CLAS standards are grouped into

governance, leadership, and workforce; communication and language assistance engagement; continuous improvement and accountability

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21

effective communication

expressive and receptive. messages are negotiated until information is understood by both parties

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22

cultural competence

ability of health care providers and health care organizations to understand and respond effectively to the cultural and language needs brought by the patient to the health care encounter

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23

patient and family centered care

approach to plan, deliver, and evaluate health care grounded in mutually beneficial partnerships among health care providers, patients, and families

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24

how hospitals can use Roadmaps Document

to improve performance, to train staff, help inform policy

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25

purpose of the Joint Commission and Activities performed by them

provides standards focusing on patient safety and quality of care, evaluate accredit and certify organizations, offer educational services

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26

The joint commission accreditation or certification is mandatory for hospitals

false

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27

Six main continuum components addressed by the roadmap document

organization readiness, end of life care, discharge and transfer, admission, assessment, treatment

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28

what major equity policy began in the early 1990s

americans with disabilities act

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29

what population does executive order 13166 target?

people with limited english proficiency (LEP)

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30

which groups cannot be discriminated against in certain health programs and activities per section 1557 the “the final rule”?

race, sex, disability, age, national origin

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31

eugenics

greek for good birth. study of arranging reproduction to increase occurrence of heritable characteristics that are desirable

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32

forced sterilization

a person is sterilized after expressly refusing the procedure, without knowledge or opportunity to give consent

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33

coerced sterilization

occurs when financial or other incentives, misinformation or intimidation tactics are used to compel an individual to undergo sterilization

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34

which decade had thousands of native american women sterilized without their consent?

1970s

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35

common health problems in those with albinism in tanzania

photophobia (light), myopia (nearsighted), nystagmus (eye movement), strabismus (eye coordination), sunburns, blisters, freckles, skin cancers, solar keratosis (dry skin)

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36

superstitions related to albinos in tanzania

conceived in menstruation, conception with a white man, punishment from gods. Sex with them can cure AIDS. body parts of these people can make someone rich or powerful. bones can be metal detectors. hair can draw fish in the ocean.

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37

which population is OCA2 most common?

african americans. tanzania, south africa, zimbabwe.

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38

reasons FGM is performed.

maintain chastity and virginity; cultural heritage and initiation; income source for practitioners; genitalia dirty and unsightly; demanded of islamic faith

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39

negative health effects of FGM

pain, shock, hemorrhage, tetanus, death; cysts, scarring, incontinence, painful intercourse, hypersensitivity, no sexual pleasure, infertility, increased HIV risk

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40

suggestions in order for FGM to change

wider community commitment, expansion of educational efforts, interventions to change social norms, empowerment of women and girls

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41

five major world religions

hinduism, judaism, buddhism, christianity, islam

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42

hinduism

krishna and vishnu

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43

christianity

the passover

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44

buddhism

eight fold path

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45

islam

pilgrimage to mecca, five pillars, the quran

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46

judaism

bar and bat mitzvahs

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47

title of professionally trained clergy member

chaplain

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48

four types of spiritual healing and associated perceived cause of suffering

spiritual- personal sin

inner healing- person’s mind

physical healing- disease or accident

deliverance- evil from the outside

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49

which state has the highest percentage of adults in weekly religious services

utah

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50

what percentage of americans identify as christian

71%

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51

what is the most religious REGION in the US

american somoa

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52

what percentage of americans are mormon?

1.6%

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53

social determinants of health

conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play

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54

explicit bias

refers to the attitudes and beliefs we have about a person or group on a conscious level

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55

implicit bias

refers to the attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions and decision in an unconscious manner

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56

race

classification system on the basis of culturally defined biologically transmitted group characteristics

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57

ethnicity

fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition

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58

prejudice

unjustified attitude towards an individual based solely on their membership in a social group

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59

discrimination

behavior or actions toward an individual or group on the basis of sex/race

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60

racism

strong type of prejudice used to justify belief that one racial category is somehow superior

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61

microaggression

subtle intentional or unintentional slights that denigrate or degrade members of marginalized groups

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62

internalized racism

racism that exists within individuals, sometimes unknowingly

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63

interpersonal racism

occurs between individuals

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64

institutional racism

practices and policies of social and political institutions that perpetuate racial inequality

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65

structural and systemic racism

system in which public policies and practices that perpetuate racial group inequity

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66

racial battle fatigue

psychological stress response- anxiety, frustration

physiological stress response- headaches, fatigue

behavioral stress response- substance abuse, poor performance

racial microaggression

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67

1830 indian removal act

act passed by congress to force native americans to move west of the mississippi river

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68

trail of tears

16,000 native americans marched over 1,200 miles when forced to move from the east to oklahoma. 1/4 of tribes died

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69

1956 indian relocation act

encouraged native americans to leave reservations and assimilate into general population

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70

indian child wilfare act

federal law that governs the removal and out of home placement of indigenous children.

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71

1865-1965 jim crow era

collection of state and local statutes that legalized racial segregation. marginalized african americans

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72

1830s-1865

abolition time period

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73

1865

slavery is abolished (13 ammendment)

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74

civil rights act of 1964

jim crow laws abolished. discrimination is outlawed.

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75

sex

biological or genetic differences between men and women

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76

gender norms

pattern of “appropriate behavior” a particular society expects from males and females

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77

gender relations

taught and learned ideas about how males and females should interact with others

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78

gender roles

ideas about which functions or responsibilities men and women should assume in society

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79

sexism

personal and institutional differentiation of power and status between the sexes

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80

socialization

process of learning to behave in a way that is acceptable to society

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81

gender equality

men and women have equal power and equal opportunities for financial independence, education, and personal development.

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82

women’s empowerment

increasing women’s self worth, power and control over her own life

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83

feminism

advocacy of women’s rights on basis of the equality of the sexes

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84

social construction of gender

women’s and men’s roles that are socially determined, varies between cultures

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85

1900

married women the right to keep wages and own property

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86

1920

right to vote for women

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87

1963

equal pay act

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88

1964

title VII, prohibiting sex discrimination

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89

1965

right of married couples to use contraception

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90

best term for individuals 65+

older adults

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91

worst terms for individuals 65+

golden years, silver tsunami, geriatrics

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92

cognition

refers to the ability to think, learn, and remember

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93

dementia

umbrella term for loss of memory and other thinking abilities

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94

degrees of impairment

consists of Mild, cognitive impairment, and dementia

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95

most common form of dementia is

alzheimers

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96

what is found in the brains of alzheimers patients

plaques and tangles

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97

mild stages of alzheimers

forget words, lose objects, cant remember names

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98

middle stage of alzheimers

forget personal history, confusion of place and time, personality and behavioral changes, needs help with daily need

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99

late stages of alzheimers

longest stage, need full time care, no awareness of recent experiences and surroundings, vulnerability to infection

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100

bisexual

primary sexual orientation is to people of the same and other genders, or regardless of gender

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