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Alveolar

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100 Terms

1

Alveolar

bone, bony sockets, or crypts for teeth placement in the maxillae and the mandibular bone

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2

Anterior

before or in front of, front area of the mouth, from canine (cuspid) to canine (cuspid)"

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3

Apex

the root end, the tip end of a tooth

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4

Apical

relative to the root tip end of tooth, apex or root

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5

Arch

curved-like or bow-like outline, half of the mouth, either maxillary or mandibular

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6

Ameloblast(s)

enamel-forming cells, encourages cell growth to form the enamel covering tissue of the tooth

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7

Amelogenesis

process of forming tooth enamel

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8

Anodontia

absence of teeth, partial or total lack of teeth

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9

Antagonist

opposing teeth, tooth that counteracts, occludes, or contacts with another tooth in the opposing arch.

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10

Apposition

addition of parts, fourth stage of development, mineral salts, and organic matter are set down and in place for tissues and tooth formation.

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11

Attrition

abrasion or chafing, last stage of development, happens as teeth interact with each other via mastication and speech.

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12

Axial

root to crown, long

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13

bicuspid(s)

premolars, mandibular teeth

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14

Bifurcation

Branching into two parts, mandibular molars have two roots

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15

Buccal

check side/surface, posterior tooth surface toward the cheeks

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16

Calcification

deposit of lime salts, fifth stage of development, the hardening and setting of tooth tissues.

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17

Cementoblast(s)

Cementum-forming cells, encourages cell growth to form the root-covering cementum tissue.

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18

Cementoclast(s)

cells that destroy tooth cementum.

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19

Cementum

tissue covering of tooth root

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20

Cervical line

the place where the enamel of the crown meets the cementum of the root.

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21

Crown

the top part of the tooth containing the pulp chamber, dentin, and enamel covering.

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22

Cusp

a point of the crown of a tooth, elevation, or mound on the biting surface of the crown

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23

Cuspid(s)

canines, single-rooted anterior teeth at the corner of the mouth, longest tooth, splits anterior from posterior.

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24

Deciduous

falling off, first set of teeth

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25

Dens in dente

tooth in tooth, a tooth enfolds on itself to form a small cavity that holds a hard structure or mass

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26

Dental lamina

membrane band containing organs of future teeth, develops in the epithelium

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27

Dentin

the main tissue of tooth surrounding the pulp

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28

Dentinogenesis imperfecta

inadequate dentin formation, a genetic disorder characterized by weakened or gray-colored teeth or shell teeth resulting from poor formation

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29

Dentition

tooth arrangement

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30

Differentiation

acquiring different functions from the original

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31

Distal

to the distant, away, side surface of a tooth farthest from the midline of the face

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32

Eminence

a high place, projection, or prominence.

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33

Enamel

a hard tooth covering

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34

Epithelium

mucous tissue covering and connective tissue layer

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35

Eruption

breaking out, six stage of development. Cutting of the teeth, It occurs when the tooth moves toward the oral cavity and enters through the tissues.

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36

Exfoliate

scale off

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37

Facial

surface of all teeth toward the cheek and/or the lips

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38

Fibroblast

fiber-forming germ cells, encourages cell growth to form the periodontal ligaments.

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39

Fissure

a groove or natural depression, slit, or break;

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40

Fluorosis

reaction to overfluoridation, mottled enamel

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41

Foramen

an opening or hole in the bone for nerve and vessel passage

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42

Fossa

a shallow, rounded, irregular depression or concavity on the lingual surface of anterior teeth and on the occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth.

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43

Furcation

Fork or branch off, the place where tooth roots branch apart

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44

Furrow

a shallow concave groove located on either the crown or the root, developmental depression.

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45

Fusion

joining together, union of tooth buds resulting in large crown or root.

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46

Germination

development of germ cells, single tooth germ separating to form two crowns on a single root

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47

Gingiva

mouth tissue, mucous tissue surrounding the teeth, gives protection.

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48

Granuloma

granular tumor or growth, a growth or tumor usually found in the root area.

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49

Groove

a rut, furrow, or channel. 2 types

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50

Heterodont

teeth of various shapes

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51

Histodifferentiation

branch into different tissues

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52

Hypercementosis

overgrowth of cementum tissue, an anomaly resulting in a thickening of cementum, result of stress.

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53

Hypocalcification

underbonding or incomplete calcification, lack of hardening of tooth tissue resulting in weak, susceptible teeth.

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54

Hypoplasia

underdevelopment of tissue.

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55

In utero

in the uterus

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56

Incisal

to cut, cutting edge of anterior teeth (centrals, laterals, and cuspids/canines)

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57

Incisors

cutters, single-rooted anterior teeth with a sharp cutting edge.

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58

Initiation

beginning, bud stage of development

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59

Interdental

between two teeth

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60

Labial

lip surface, anterior tooth surface toward the lips

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61

Lacuna

small open space, tiny cavities that may contain irregular cementum-forming cells

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62

Lingual

tongue, the surface of all teeth toward the tongue.

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63

Lobe

a well-defined part of an organ that develops into a tooth formation, a developing cusp that eventually unites with other lobes to form a complete tooth.

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64

Macrodontia

abnormally large teeth

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65

Mandibular

lower tooth area; moves up and down to meet the maxillary teeth.

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66

Marginal

the portion that is unattached to underlying tissues and helps to form the sides of the gingival crevice, free margin gingiva.

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67

Maxillary

upper tooth area; normally the maxilla slightly overlaps the mandible.

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68

Mesial

in the middle, side surface of a tooth closest to the mid- line (middle) of the face.

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69

Microdontia

unusually small teeth

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70

Midline

imaginary vertical line bisecting the head at the middle; determines the right and left sides.

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71

Molar

grinding tooth, most posterior teeth

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72

Morphodifferentiation

change into different shape

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73

Morphology

study of tooth form and shape

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74

Mucogingival

combination of mucous and gingival tissue

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75

Occlusal

to grind, meet, grinding or chewing surface of all posterior teeth (premolars/bicuspids, and molars)

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76

Odontoblasts

dentin forming cells, encourages cell growth to form the dentin, the bulk of the tooth

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77

Odontoclasts

cells that bring about absorption of primary tooth roots.

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78

Odontogenesis

tooth production, to the formation and the origin of the tooth.

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79

Odontology

the study of teeth

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80

Osteoblasts

Bone-forming germ cells, encourages cell growth to form alveolar bone and the alveolar plate

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81

Osteoclasts

cells that destroy or cause absorption of bone tissue

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82

Papillary

the part of the marginal gingiva that occupies the interproximal spaces, triangular and filling the tooth embrasure area

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83

Periodontal

around tooth, membrane and fibers that anchor the tooth in the alveolar socket.

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84

Periodontium

tissues surrounding teeth, 4 tissues

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85

Pit

pinpoint depression located at the junction of developed grooves or at the end of a groove.

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86

Posterior

toward the rear, area back from the corners of the mouth

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87

Premolar

before a molar, the fourth and fifth teeth posterior from the center of the mouth

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88

Proliferation

second stage of development, reproduction of new parts

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89

Proximal

side wall of tooth that meets with or touches side wall of another tooth

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90

Pulp

the part in the center of a tooth made up of living connective tissue and cells called odontoblasts

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91

Pulp cyst

a closed, fluid-filled sac within the pulp tissue.

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92

Pulpitis

pulp inflammation, toothache

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93

Quadrant

1/4, half of an arch, right or left, and containing eight teeth.

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94

Succedaneous

permanent teeth, replace deciduous teeth when they exfoliate

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95

Sulcus

long depression between ridges and cusps; valley on tooth surface.

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96

Supernumerary

extra, more than the normal amount of teeth

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97

Ridge

a linear elevation that receives its name from its location

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98

Root

bottom part of a tooth

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99

Trifurcation

branching into three parts, three roots, maxillary molar teeth

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100

Tubercle

a small knob-like prominence, a distinguishing landmark of a tooth.

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