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Sex hormones

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Psychology

277 Terms

1

Sex hormones

Powerful chemical substances produced by endocrine glands that are released into the blood which releases to the body.

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2

testosterone

male hormone secreted by the testes

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3

Androgen

male and female sex hormone

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4

in male makes male sexual characteristics

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5

in women its in adrenal glands. gives woman sexual drive.

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6

Estrogen

Group of "female" sex hormones

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7

• Androgens relate to sexual desire in women, not estrogen.

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8

Endocrine glands

glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the bloodstream

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9

Pituitary Glands

"Master gland"

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10

• Regulates the other glands, especially gonads (estrogen and testesornes), the endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the influence of the hypothalamus, the pituitary regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands

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11

Follicle Stimulating Hormone FSH

• Secreted by the pituitary gland

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12

• Stimulates sperm production

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13

• Inhibin- regulates too much sperm male birth control.

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14

Luteinizing Hormone LH

pituitary gland secretes

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15

females- stimulates ovulation & formation of the corpus luteum

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16

males- stimulates production testosterone.

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17

gonadotropin

Luteinizing hormone (LH), and Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). Stimulates maturation of ova and sperm.

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18

Estrogen and Progesterone (woman)

• Regulate the changes of puberty

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19

• Responsible for maintaining the mucous membranes of the begins and stopping the growth of bone and muscle in puberity.

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• Regulated be LH and FSH, through a process similar to the one in males

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21

o Levels of Estrogen and Progesterone fluctuate according to the woman's cycle, as well as during pregnancy and menopause.

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22

Oxytocin

A hormone released by the posterior pituitary that stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth and milk ejection during breastfeeding.

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23

Prolactin

stimulates milk secretion (production) and its produced in the pituitary gland.

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24

Homologous Organs

body parts similar in structure and origin butdiffer in male & female usestestis/ovaries, penis/clit, scrotum/outer lips, prostate,cowpers /skenes, bartholin glands,

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25

Analogous Organs

Different organs with a similar function.

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26

Testes/ovaries penis/clit, prostrate,cowpers/skenes, bartholin glands

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27

Internal Accessory organs (one of the eight variables of gender)

Prostate and seminal vesicles for males; Fallopian tubes, uterus, and upper vagina for females.

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28

External genital appearance (variables of gender)

Penis and scrotum for males; Clitoris, inner and outer lips, and vaginal opening for females.

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29

Pubertal hormonal gender (variables of gender)

At puberty, testosterone in men; progesterone and estrogen in women

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30

AIS Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome male

causes male tissue to become unresponsive to androgen.

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31

causes genetic males to have the external appearance of females.

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32

Progesterone

Female hormone secreted by ovaries

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33

adrenarche

increased rate of secretion of adrenal androgens at the onset of puberty

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34

inhibin

A sex hormone secreted by the ovaries in the female and testes in the male that inhibits the secretion of FSH and LH from the anterior pituitary.

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35

Disciplines in sexuality field?

All the above

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36

Role of Sexologists is to assist with

Sexual Behavior

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37

Kama Sutra is

A book about sex, all the above

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38

Cognitive Dissonance is when

Values and behaviors don't match

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39

Cure for hysteria

Vibrater

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40

Anti-miscegenation laws were

Laws against interaction marriage, race

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41

View of homosexuality in 19th century

it was viewed as a mental illness

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42

The Sexual revolution brought changes in

advertising, fashion, General

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43

ALL THE ABOVE

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44

Liberation of female sexuality is attributed to?

Birth control pill, concetreption pill

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45

Planned parenthood first began in a

Birth control clinic in New York

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46

Feminist movement influenced women's sexuality

which advocated in women satisfaction

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47

What did the American psychiatric association do in 1973?

Remove homosexuality as a mental disorde

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48

Whats the Onion Theory

begin taking off layers and share personal information

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49

the benefits of having good communication in relationships it

promotes emotional intimacy(Sex), understanding, love

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50

communication problems for couples

health problems, inability to self disclose, economic stressors

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51

how do most men and women express to engage in sex

nothing, nonverbal it kind of just happens

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52

Couples that communicate w/ each other about sexuality issues are

Happier

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53

communication techniques is critical for maintaining happy relationship

self-disclosure

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54

help sexual relationship with your partner?

Sexual terminology

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55

active listening is comprised of

eye contact, nodding

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56

gottman's ratio of positive and negative interactions does what under stress

when under stress positive reaction decreases and negative reaction increases.

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57

reduces the # -> positive reaction

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gain # -> negative reaction

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goes down as couples experience distress

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60

self esteem impact relationship

level of acceptance or rejection one expects

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61

characteristics of a good lover

respect them, tell them directly what pleases the other partner sexually

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62

most people look for

physical attraction in some way shape or form

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63

What did evelyn hooker find in her research?

no difference in gay & straight mental health

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64

the first researcher to Americans about their sexual behavior finding that most women thought sexual intercourse was for pleasure & procreation?

Celia Mosher

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65

said women have sexual appetites equal to men and they do not necessarily need men to satisfy their appetites?

Katherine davis

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66

Most influential sex researcher of 20th century?

kinsey

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what research did Kinsey do?

interviews

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68

masters and Johnson did what kind of research?

watched people have sex, recorded with machines the reaction

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69

masters & johnson discover

females were capable of multiple orgasms

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70

case study major limitation of it?

cannot be generalize to population

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advantage of internet research

people are more truthful cause anonymous

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what kinds of people often participate in sex research?

sexuality liberal, experienced

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what 2 approaches have the most recent research in US taken?

problem driven, underfundent

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74

Female sex organ like the penis

clitoris

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75

what's hermaphroditism

rarest disorder of sex development where a child is born with ovaries & testies

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76

socialization

basic skills

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77

gender role

specific behavior largely determined by culture

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what's social learning

we learn gender roles from society/environment

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79

androgynous

both, high in feminity and masculinity

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80

males have more (3 things)

a less flexible role than women, adolences, sexuality strong and stable

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81

gender dysphoria

transgender person feeling discomfort about biological sex & gender in variety

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Gender Queer/transgender

transgender identify or express their gender in variety of ways inconsistently w/ their biological sex

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83

gender queer umbrella term to refer to range of different sexual orientations gender behaviors or ideologies

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84

what happens when a transsexual person stops taking hormones after being on them for awhile

changes will either be reversible or permanent

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85

homosexual play, is common or uncommon in childhood

universal

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86

what gender gets more attention in elementary school

boys get more praises & criticisms

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87

measuring sex methods

self-reports, behavioral measures, implicit measures, measures

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88

self-reports

the most common method of measuring sexuality, participants are asked questions about their sexual behavior.

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89

direct observations

Behavioral measure, scientist directly observe the behavior being studied.[think hands on

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90

eye tracking

A behavioral measure in which a device measures the participants point of gaze over time.

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91

convenience sample

a sample chose in haphazard manner relative the population of interest. not a random probability sample.

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92

purposeful distortion

Purposely giving false information in a survey. participants exaggerate or conceal information.

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93

Memory

survey requires respondents to recall sexual behavior as far back as childhood. to difficult to remember accurately.

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94

difficulties with estimates

it is difficult to estimate time , and it is even more difficult to do when engaged in an absorbing activity.

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95

test-retest reliability

A method for determining the reliability of a test by comparing a test taker's scores on the same test taken on separate occasions

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96

computer assisted self interview (CASI)

interviewer intercepts and directs willing respondents to computers where they read questions and key responses themselves

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97

extraneous factors

factors besides the independent variable that may cause change in the dependent variable. [such as age, race, gender]

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98

ethical issue

three basic principles: informed consent, protection from harm, and justice

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99

informed consent

An ethical principle requiring that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate.

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100

protection from harm

sex questions can be stressful & might harm peoplein some way. the principle of anonymity of response is important to ensure participants will not suffer after research.

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