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FSH, GH, ADH
Gametes (sperm & eggs)
Body cell 2n mitosis
Follicule → egg
Sensory receptors PNS
Stimulus- sensory transduction
Temp of blood and body
olfaction/ gustation- taste smell
rods and cones retina
Humerous, carpals, phalanges
femur, tibis, tarsals
Contracting Unit of Muscle
Muscle to bone
Bone to Bone
Endocrine glands produce "____ messengers" called ___ that are by the __. Cells that respond to a hormone are called _____
Endocrine glands produce "chemical messengers" called "hormones" that are transported by the bloodstream. Cells that respond to a hormone are called "target cells".
FSH is produced in the __________ . What is the target tissue for FSH?
FSH is produced in the anterior pituitary gland. The target tissue for FSH is the Gonads ovaries or testes
Which hormone stimulates milk production during pregnancy?
Epinephrine is commonly known as adrenalin & produced in the adrenal gland
Epinephrine is commonly known as _______ and is produced in the
How your body uses the fuel (food) you take in is known as blank & the hormone that primarily affects it is blank, produced in the blank
Flashcard: The process of how your body uses the fuel (food) you take in is known as metabolism & the hormone that primarily affects it is thyroxin, produced in the thyroid gland.
__________ produce PTH and it affects Calcium levels in the blood.
Parathyroids are small endocrine glands located in the neck that produce parathyroid hormone (PTH), which regulates calcium levels in the blood.
The pancreas has tissue that produces insulin and glucagon; those are hormones that affect glucose levels
The __________ has tissue that produces insulin and glucagon; those are hormones that affect glucose levels.
ADH is a hormone produced by the pituitary that affects how kidneys concerve water
_________ is a hormone produced by the __________ that affects how kidneys conserve water.
Estrogen and progesterone are produced by the
____ reproduction involves one individual and gives rise to offspring which are genetically identical to the parent
The ______ is the muscular organ in which a mammalian fetus completes development. e
The three accessory glands of the male which add secretions to the sperm.
Prostate gland, seminal vesciles, ovollbourethocol gland
In the testes sperm production or ___________ occurs in the __ of the testes
Spermatigenesis, seminiteroos tubules
The procedure which sterillizes the female by removing a portion of the fallopian tubes is called a ____ . In male sterilization is called _________
Tubal Ligation, Vastectomy
The ovaries has ______ which dived to form the egg
________ is a type of (sexual, asexual) reproduction in which part of the parents body dividesand develops in a new individual
In makes the tube which conducts urine or semen out of the body is the _____
The egg travels through a ______ tube towards the___________ where it will implant and develope into an embryo if fertilized
The coiled tube besides the testis which stores the sperm as they mature is the
Egg and sperm are collectively called _____ and are (haploid, diploid)
gametes , haploid
The lower portion or “neck” of the uterus is the _____. The lining of the uterus is called the _____________
What other form if cellular communication is there besides neurons
Vital function such as heart rate and breathing are controlled by the _________
The part of the brain used to “think” and that is where intellect memory are located is the _______. it is made up of two halves called ________
Special chemicals which relay a nerve impulse across a synapase are called ______. Name two examples
Neurotansmitters, ACH- CP inephrine & dopamine
What do you call the gap between a neuron and the next cell?
Synapase (or synaptic cleft
Which part of the brain has control over the endocrine system?
hypothalamus , centranerous system
The brain and spinal cord make up the __________ - also called “CNS”
Central Nervous System
The two cerebral hemispheresare are connected by the ______
The part of the brain which controls balance and muscle corrdination is the ________
Which part of the brain recieves sensory information and directs it to the appropriate part of the cerebrum
Any change in the body’s internal or exterbak ebvironment or any energy that can be detected by an animal is called a
PNS stands for ___ and the nerves that determine whether the body is in “rest and digest” or “fight and flight” mode is the _________ nervous system.
Peripheral nervous system, automatic
What are meninges?
Membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord
Cells that insulate the neurons cell processes are called _________ cells; they are a type of supportive cell in nerve tissue generally known as ________
Schwann- Glial cells
_______ neurons transmit impulses towards the central nervous system
_____neurons transmit impulses to muscles and glands
Which type of neurons mainly communicate with other neurons?
Where in the nervous system are they concentrated?
Depolarization occurs when ____ ions flood (into, out of) the neuron and it triggers what is known as _______
Sodium, nerve impulse or action potential
The cell process of a neuron which carries the nerve impulse AWAY from the cell body is the _____. Which processes send the impulse towards the body?
Which type of nerve tissue (gray or white) is myelinated nerve tissue?
_____ are sensory neurons found in the nasal cavity and tongue
Which type of receptors are found in the eye?
What are the two types?
protoreceptors, cones & rods
The structures at the back of the eye where these neurons are found is the ______
Changes in temperature are detected by _____________
Gustation is the sense of ____; olfaction is the sense of ______
When we say “receptor” we are usually referrinng to what type of neuron?
Which receptors are stimulated by aromas?
What type of cell can be found in a lacuna in bone tissue?
The bony segments of the backbone are called _____
Which type of skeleton is found in worms and sea anemones
Blood vessels and nerves in bone tissue are found within the ______
A skeleton which surrounds the soft body is known as an ______
What is a disadvantage of exoskeleton?
must be shed in order for animal to grow
Bones are connected to other bones by _______
Muscles are connected to bones by ______