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what does 1000 ml indicate?

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1

what does 1000 ml indicate?

urinary infection with any bacteria

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2

what does 100 ml indicate?

urinary infection with urine coliforms in colon

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3

uretha

low normal flora

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4

give normal flora location

urinary bladder and upper urinary tract sterile

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5

what is the food for lactobacillus called?

glycogen

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6

what has a low pH in normal flora?

vagina

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7

what kind of pH does vagina have in normal flora?

low

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8

what does low pH mean?

acidic pH

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9

what does high pH mean?

basic pH

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10

_____ digest glycogen

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11

what is normal flora of the vagina known as?

lactobacilli

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12

______ digest glycogen and produce acid products

lactobacilli

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13

_____ discourages growth of any pathogen when speaking of acid that's why pathogen can't grow in acidic pH

low pH

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14

_____ are influenced by sex hormones

females

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15

_____ are influenced by acidic pH

females

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16

____ are normally sterile

males

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17

________ have low estrogen and different normal flora

pre-menstrual and post-menopause

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18

_____ involves females, males, influenced by sex hormones, acidic pH and normally sterile

normal microbiota

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19

neisseria is _____

gram negative cocci

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20

_____ have incubation time for 2-5 days that body will be of the normal

neisseria (gonorrhoeae)

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21

what's the incubation time for Neisseria (gonorrhoeae)?

2-5 days

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22

_____: neisseria occurs

day 1

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23

_____: body goes out of normal and you have disease

day 5

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24

_______ invades columnar epithelial cells

neisseria

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25

what group is urinary bladder and upper irinary tract sterile apart of?

normal flora

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26

name drug of choice of neirsseria (gonorrhea)

ceftriaxone

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27

what happens if you don't get drug for neisseria?

systemic infection

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28

what are these known as? gonorrheal endocarditis. gonorrheal meningitis. gonorrheal arthiritis. ophthamalia neonatorum.

systemic infection

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29

what category is gonorrheal endocarditis in?

systemic infection

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30

what category is gonorrheal meningitis in?

systemic infection

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31

_______ show symptoms, painful urination, discharge of pus

males 90% (neisseria/gonorrhoeae)

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32

what category is ophthamalia neonetorum in?

system infection

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33

what category is gonorrheal arthritis in?

systemic infection

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34

_________ contains 1% silver nitrate that's dropped in baby's eye or a drop of Ceftriaxone of baby

ophthamalia neonatorum

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35

______ asymptomatic, serious complications: PID

females 60% (Neisseria/gonorrhoeae)

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36

what causes cold sores around mouth and blindness?

HHV1

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37

What causes genital herpes?

HHV2

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38

what causes shingles?

varicella zoster virus (HHV3)

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39

what causes chiceknpox?

HHV3

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40

what is also known as varicella-zoster?

HHV3

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41

what is also known as Epstein-Barr virus?

HHV4

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42

what is the major cause of infectious mononucleosis?

HHV4

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43

what is directly known as kissing disease?

infectious mononucleosis

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44

_____ is a sexually trasnmitted disease

genital herpes

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45

____ means that it's used for fungus

zole

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46

name the treatment for trichomonas vaginalis

metronidazole

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47

What is trichomoniasis?

STD that is caused by a protozoan

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48

what group is trichomoniasis apart of?

parasites

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49

what group is trichomonas vaginalis apart of?

trichomoniasis (parasites)

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50

what is found in semen or urine of male carries?

trichomonas vaginalis

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51

what causes irriation and profuse (lots of) discharge?

vaginal infection

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52

what is the diagnosis of in trichomonas vaginalis?

clue cell, microscopic identification of protozoan

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53

name drug of choice for Candida albicans

clotrimazole, miconazole

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54

What is Candida albicans?

fungus

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55

name a fungal disease

candidiasis

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56

_____ often grows on mucous membranes

candida albicans

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57

what is involved with opportunistic overgrowth?

candida albicans

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58

_____ produces vulvovaginal candidiases

females

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59

what occurs in females with candida albicans?

production of vulvovaginal candidiases

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60

_____ have occasional cases of nongonococcal urethritis (NGU)

males

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61

what occurs in males with candida albicans?

occasional cases of nongonococcal urethritis (NGU)

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62

what category is nongonococcal urethritis in?

bacterial dieseases

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63

what category is mycoplasma hominis in?

nongonococcal urethritis

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64

what category is ureaplasma urealyticum in?

nongonococcal urethritis

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65

what category is Chlanmydia trachomatis in?

nongonococcal urethritis

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66

what category involves severe itching, thick, yellow, cheesy discharge, and yeasty or no odor?

candidiasis

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67

name viral diseases

Papillomavirus, AIDS, genital herpes (type 2)

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68

What are genital warts connected to?

Papillomavirus

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69

what is Papillomavirus and human papillomaviruses?

genital warts

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70

what is involved with extremely large, warty, fingerlike projections, others smooth or flat?

papillomavirus

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71

name the vaccination for human papillomaviruses

gardasil

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72

what only causes cervical cancer and cancer of the penis?

HPV16

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73

name the treatment for human papillomaviruses

imiquimod to stimulate interferon

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74

name the most common STD in USA

Chlamydia

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75

name drug of choice for herpes simplex virus Type 2

acyclovir

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76

what doesnot let any nucleic acid formulate?

acyclovir

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77

what is known as a mimic of nucleoside?

acyclovir

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78

what does acyclovir combined with phosphate make?

nucleotide

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79

what is known as the precursor of nucleic acid?

nucelotide

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80

_______ when no lesions or symptoms are present

disease transmitted

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81

_____ has an incubation period of 1 week

herpes simplex virus type 2

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82

how long is the incubation period for herpes simplex virus Type 2?

1 week

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83

what causes genital ulcers?

herpes simplex virus Type 2

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84

what involves painful urination and uncomfy walking?

herpes simplex virus Type 2

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85

In ______, pain urination and uncomfy walking occur

males and females

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86

what are vesicle full of?

virus

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87

what's the healing time for vesicles?

two weeks

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88

_______ indicates that it's in infectious mode, but not yet disease mode

no lesion

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89

what has soft chancre?

Chancroid (haemophilus ducreyi)

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90

what has hard chancre?

syphilis

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91

what is this connected to? Primary stage: chancre at site of infection. Secondary: Skin / mucosal rashes (whole bod). Latent period: No symptoms. Tertiary: Gummas on many organs.

syphilis

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92

what category is Gardnerella Vagionsis apart of?

bacterial diseases

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93

what's involved with an infected vagina, but no signs of inflammation?

garnerella vaginalis

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94

______ are when you see bacteria in that cell

clue cells

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95

what is involved with fish odor, frothy vaginal discharge (full of bubble)?

garnerella vaginalis

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96

what category is garnerella vaginalis apart of?

bacterial diseases

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97

what needs the X and V factor?

haemophilus ducreyi

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98

haemophilus ducreyi is?

gram negative cocci

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99

what's the incubation period for haemophilus ducreyi?

4-10 days

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100

what has an incubation period of 4-10 days?

haemophilus ducreyi

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