Chapter 10: Respiratory System

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134 Terms

1

adenoid

adenoid/o

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2

tonsil

tonsill/o

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3

nose

naso/o, rhin/o

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4

larynx (voice box)

laryng/o

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5

pharynx (throat)

pharyng/o

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6

trachea (windpipe)

trache/o

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7

septum

sept/o

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8

sinus

sin/o, sinus/o

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9

air or lungs

pneum/o, pnemat/o, pneumon/o

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10

lungs

pulmon/o

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11

lobe

lob/o

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12

bronchus

bronch/o, bronchi/o

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13

bronchiole

bronchiol/o

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14

alveolus (air sac)

alveol/o

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15

sternum

stern/o

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16

rib

cost/o

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17

chest

thorac/o, pector/o (also pectus), steth/o

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18

pleura

pleur/o

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19

diaphram

phren/o

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20

oxygen

ox/o

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21

breathing

spir/o, -pnea

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22

carbon dioxide

capn/o, carb/o

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23

apnea

cessation of breathing

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24

eupnea

good/normal breathing

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25

tachypnea

rapid breathing

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26

bradypnea

slow breathing

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27

hypopnea

shallow breathing

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28

hyperpnea

heavy breathing

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29

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

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30

orthopnea

ability to breathe only in an upright position

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31

hyperventilation

overbreathing; the condition of having too much air flowing into and out of the lungs; leads to hypocapnia

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32

hypoventilation

underbreathing; the condition of having too little air flowing into and out of the lungs; leads to hypercapnia

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33

dysphonia

bad voice condition

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34

epistaxis

a nosebleed

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35

rhinorrhagia

excessive blood flor from the nose

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36

rhinorrhea

runny nose

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37

bronchospasm

involuntary contraction of the bronchus

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38

phrenospasm

involuntary contraction of the diaphram (also known as the hiccups)

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39

pleuralgia

pain in the pleura

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40

pleurodynia

pain in the pleura

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41

thoracalgia

chest pain

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42

bronchorrhea

discharge from the bronchi

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43

expectoration

coughing or spitting material out of the lungs

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44

hemoptysis

coughing up blood

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45

sputum

mucus discharged from the lungs by coughing

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46

Auscultation

a health care professional using a stethoscope to listen to a patients chest

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47

cyanosis

a bluish color in the skin caused by insufficient oxygen

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48

pectoriloquy

speaking from the chest; used as a means of finding masses in the lung. A health professional listening to a patients chest asks the patient to whisper a word. The word will be audible in areas where fluid or a mass is present.

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49

pectus carinatum

a chest that protrudes like the keel of a ship

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50

pectus excavatum

a chest that hollowed out

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51

percussion

striking the body surface (vibrations help locate fluid buildup)

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52

retraction

the sucking in of the skin around bones during inhalation, happens when someone is in respiratory distress

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53

atelectasis

incomplete expansion

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54

bronchiestasis

expansion of the bronchi

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55

caseous necrosis

the death of tissue with a cheeselike appearance

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56

chylothorax

chyle in the chest

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57

empyema

pus inside the chest

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58

hemothorax

blood in the chest

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59

phrenoplegia

paralysis of the diaphram

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60

phrenoptosis

drooping of the diaphram

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61

pleural effusion

fluid pouring out in the pleura

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62

pneumohemothorax

air and blood in the chest

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63

pneumothorax

air in the chest

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64

pulmonary edema

swelling in the lungs

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65

pyothorax

pus in the chest

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66

tracheostenosis

narrowing of the trachea

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67

hypercapnia, hypercarbia

excessive carbon dioxide

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68

hypocapnia, hypocarbia

insufficient carbon dioxide

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69

hypoxemia

insufficient oxygen in the blood

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70

hypoxia

insufficient oxygen

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71

computed tomography

an imaging procedure using a computer to cut

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72

pulmonary angiography

an imaging procedure for recording pulmonary blood vessel activity

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73

ventilation-perfusion scan (VQ scan)

a scan that tests whether a problem in the lungs is caused by airflow(ventilation) or blood flow (perfusion)

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74

bronchoscopy

procedure to look inside the bronchi

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75

capnography

procedure to record carbon dioxide levels

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76

capnometer

instrument to measure carbon dioxide levels

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77

endoscope

instrument to look inside

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78

nasopharyngoscope

an instrument to look at the nose and throat

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79

oximetry

procedure to measure oxygen levels

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80

polysomnography

recording multiple aspects of sleep

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81

pulmonary function testing (PFT)

a group of tests used to evaluate the condition and operation of lungs

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82

spirometry

procedure to measure breathing

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83

thoracoscopy

examination of the chest

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84

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

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85

laryngotracheobronchitis

inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi

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86

rhinitis

inflammation of the nasal passages

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87

sinusitis

inflammation of the sinus

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88

pansinusitis

inflammation of all sinuses

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89

sleep apnea

a condition where the patient ceases to breathe while asleep

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90

tonsillitus

inflammation of the tonsils

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91

tracheitis

inflammation of the trachea

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92

tracheomalacia

softening of the trachea

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93

asthma

a disease causing episodic narrowing and inflammation of the airway

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94

bronchiolitis

inflammation of the bronchiole

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95

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

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96

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

a group of lung diseases characterized by the continual blockage of lung passages

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97

cystic fibrosis

a disease causing thick mucus buildup in the lungs and pancreas, named after the changes it causes to the lungs

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98

diaphragmatocele

hernia of the diaphram

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99

Emphysema

a disease that causes the alveoli to lose elasticity; patients have difficulty exhaling

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100

obstructive lung disorder

a lung disorder caused by a blockage

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