AP Lang & Comp: Vocabulary Lists 1-9

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180 Terms

1

approbation

(n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval

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2

assuage

(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench

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3

coalition

(n.) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose

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4

decadence

(n.) moral deterioration

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5

elicit

(v.) to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)

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6

expostulate

(v.) to argue earnestly in an attempt to dissuade or show strong disapproval

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7

hackneyed

(adj.) used so often as to lack freshness or originality

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8

hiatus

(n.) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)

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9

innuendo

(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)

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10

intercede

(v.) to mediate; plead on behalf of someone else

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11

jaded

(adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)

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12

lurid

(adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; pale/sallow color

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13

meritorious

(adj.) - deserving of praise or merit

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14

petulant

(adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset

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15

prerogative

(n.) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence

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16

provincial

(adj.) outlying area; local; limited + backward; simple (n.) person with narrow pov; soldier from province or colony

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17

simulate

(v.) to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of

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18

transcend

(v.) To rise above or beyond, exceed.

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19

umbrage

(n.) offense or annoyance

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20

unctuous

(adj.) trying too hard to give an impression of sincerity

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21

Ameliorate

(v.) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming

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22

Aplomb

(n.) poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity

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23

Bombastic

(adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas

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24

Callow

(adj.) without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers

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25

Drivel

(n.) foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense

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26

Epitome

(n.) a summary, condensed account; the perfect example

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27

Exhort

(v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly

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28

Ex officio

(adj., adv.) by virtue of holding a certain office

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29

Infringe

(v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds

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30

Ingratiate

(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)

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31

Interloper

(n.) one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder

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32

Intrinsic

(adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part

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33

Inveigh

(v.) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval

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34

Lassitude

(n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy

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35

Millennium

(n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy

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36

Occult

(adj.) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; (v.) to hide, conceal; eclipse; (n.) matters involving the supernatural

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37

Permeate

(v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through

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38

Precipitate

(v.) to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height, to give distinct form to; (adj.) characterized by excessive haste; (n.) moisture; the product of an action or process

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39

Stringent

(adj.) strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste

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40

Surmise

(v.) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; (n.) likely idea that lacks definite proof

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41

Abominate

(v.) To have an intense dislike or hatred for

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42

Acculturation

(n.) assimilation to a different culture, typically the dominant one

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43

Adventitious

(adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character

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44

Ascribe

(v.) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source)

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45

Circuitous

(adj.) roundabout, not direct

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46

Commiserate

(v.) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress

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47

Enjoin

(v.) instruct or urge (someone) to do something

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48

Expedite

(v.) to make easy, cause to progress faster

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49

Expiate

(v.) to make amends, make up for

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50

Ferment

(n.) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; (v.) to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action

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51

Inadvertent

(adj.) resulting from or marked by lack of attention

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52

Nominal

(adj.) existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously

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53

Noncommittal

(adj.) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no

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54

Peculate

(v.) to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use

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55

Proclivity

(n.) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)

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56

Sangfroid

(n.) composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances

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57

Seditious

(adj). resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government

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58

Tenuous

(adj.) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance

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59

Vitriolic

(adj.) bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)

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60

Wheedle

(v.) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end

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61

Affable

(adj.) courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to

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62

Aggrandize

(v.) to increase in greatness, power, or wealth; to build up or intensify; to make appear greater

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63

Amorphous

(adj.) shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion

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64

Aura

(n.) that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality

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65

Contraband

(n.) illegal traffic, smuggled goods; (adj.) illegal, prohibited

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66

Erudite

(adj.) scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic

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67

Gossamer

(adj.) thin, light, delicate, insubstantial; (n.) a very thin, light cloth

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68

Infer

(v.) to find out by reasoning; to arrive at a conclusion on the basis of thought

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69

Inscrutable

(adj.) incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically

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70

Insular

(adj.) narrow or isolated in outlook or experience

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71

Irrevocable

(adj.) not able to be changed, reversed, or recovered; final

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72

Propensity

(n.) a natural inclination or predilection toward

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73

Querulous

(adj.) peevish, complaining, fretful

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74

Remonstrate

(v.) to argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object to

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75

Repudiate

(v.) to disown, reject, or deny the validity of

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76

Resilient

(adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly

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77

Reverberate

(v.) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly

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78

Scurrilous

(adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed

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79

Sedulous

(adj.) persistent, showing industry and determination

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80

Sleazy

(adj.) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable

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81

amnesty

(n.) a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution

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82

autonomy

(n.) self-government, political control

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83

axiomatic

(Adj.) self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule

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84

Blazon

(V.) display prominently or vividly

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85

Caveat

(N.) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior

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86

equitable

(Adj.) fair, just, embodying principles of justice

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87

extricate

(v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort

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88

filch

(v.) to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts

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89

flout

(V.) to mock, treat with contempt

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90

fractious

(adj.) tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable

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91

precept

(n.) a rule of conduct or action

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92

salutary

(adj.) beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome

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93

scathing

(adj.) bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm

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94

scourge

(v.) To whip, punish severely; (n.) A cause of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism

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95

sepulchral

(adj.) funereal, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal

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96

soporific

(adj.) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy; (n.) something that induces sleep

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97

straitlaced

(adj.) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical

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98

transient

(adj.) lasting only a short time, fleeting; (n.) one who stays only a short time

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99

unwieldy

(Adj.) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity

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100

vapid

(adj.) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force

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