Arteries and Veins PPT

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Cisterna Chyli

1 / 101

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

102 Terms

1

Cisterna Chyli

drains lymph from lower limbs, intestines, right and left lumbar trunks, intestineal trunk

New cards
2

Two major lymph vessels in the body

Thoracic duct and right lymphatic duct

New cards
3

Where does the right lymphatic duct drain into?

right subclavian vein

New cards
4

Where does the thoracic duct drain into?

the junction of the left subclavian vein and left internal jugular vein

New cards
5

How many lymph nodes are in the body?

600-700

New cards
6

what system are lymph nodes a part of?

immune system

New cards
7

Where are most lymph nodes found?

in the abdomen

New cards
8

What other regions have numerous lymph nodes?

head and neck + axillary and inguinal regions

New cards
9

What do lymphatic ducts collect?

toxins, dead cells, extra/extracellular fluid, fat

New cards
10

How are the toxins, dead cells, and extra fluid returned to venous system?

via asymmetrical lymphatic vessels to the right and left angles. (Intersection of subclavian and internal jugular veins)

New cards
11

What is the most serious complication of DVT?

Pulmonary Embolism

New cards
12

How is a pulmonary embolism caused?

a blood clot breaks off and travels through the blood stream to the lungs leading to a pulmonary embolism

New cards
13

What are the warning signs of pulmonary embolism?

shortness of breath, chest discomfort, and general sense of anxiety

New cards
14

What is deep vein thrombosis?

a blood clot in a deep vein, such as popliteal vein

New cards
15

What are the symptoms of DVT?

nonspecific pain, swelling, engorgement of superficial veins

New cards
16

What are major risk factors for DVT?

old age, recent orthopedic surgery

New cards
17

Deep veins are almost always accompanied by what?

an artery

New cards
18

-----------veins are close to the body’s surface

superficial

New cards
19

What are three deep veins in the upper limb?

brachial, axillary, and subclavian

New cards
20

What are five deep veins in the lower limb?

femoral, deep femoral, popliteal, anterior and posterior tibial veins

New cards
21

What are two major superficial veins of the leg?

  1. Great Saphenous Vein

  2. Small Saphenous Vein

New cards
22

Where does great saphenous vein empty into?

femoral vein

New cards
23

Where does small saphenous vein empty in?

popliteal vein

New cards
24

What happens if there is a tumor in the cavernous sinus?

tumors in the cavernous sinus that can adversely affect the cranial nerves that travel through the sinus

New cards
25

What cranial nerves go through the cavernous sinus?

Oculomotor, Trochlear, Ophthalmic, Maxillary, and Abducens

New cards
26

What artery is closely related to/runs through cavernous sinus?

Internal Carotid Artery

New cards
27

What are the seven dural sinuses?

  1. Sphenoparietal sinus

  2. Cavernous sinus

  3. Superior Petrosal Sinus

  4. Inferior Petrosal Sinus

  5. Right transverse Sinus

  6. Sigmoid Sinus

  7. Basilar venous plexus/sinus

New cards
28

Where do all dural sinuses drain into?

internal jugular vein

New cards
29

What are sinuses?

the veins that drain the brain

New cards
30

What are the seven sagittal sinuses in the head?

  1. Superior sagittal sinus

  2. Inferior sagittal sinus

  3. Straight Sinus

  4. Transverse Sinus

  5. Confluence of sinuses

  6. Sigmoid Sinus

  7. Occipital Sinus

New cards
31

What are the arteries that make up the circle of Willis?

  1. Anterior Cerebral

  2. Anterior communicating artery

  3. Posterior Cerebral

  4. Posterior communicating

  5. Internal Carotids

New cards
32

What two important arteries does the arterial circle arise from?

  1. Internal Carotid

  2. Vertebral artery

New cards
33

What is the clinical significance of a DVT?

It can result in a pulmonary embolism if the blood clot breaks off and travels up the inferior vena cava and creates a blockage in the pulmonary trunk

New cards
34

What are the various derivants of the popliteal artery?

  1. Fibular nerve

  2. Tibial-fibular trunk

  3. Anterior Tibial

  4. Posterior Tibial

New cards
35

What gives rise to dorsalis pedis artery?

Anterior tibial

New cards
36

What artery gives rise to fibular artery?

posterior tibial

New cards
37
New cards
38

What are the components of the popliteal fossa?

  1. Soleus Muscle

  2. Plantaris Muscle

  3. Popliteal Artery & Vein

  4. Tibial Nerve

New cards
39

Where does popliteal artery run?

between the two heads of the gastrocnemius

New cards
40

What gives rise to tibial arteries?

popliteal artery

New cards
41

What does femoral artery become past the adductor hiatus?

popliteal artery

New cards
42

What artery supplies the head and neck of femur?

medial circumflex femoral artery

New cards
43

What is the clinical significance of medial circumflex femoral artery?

femoral neck fracture leads to damage of this artery & results in avascular necrosis of the femoral head

New cards
44

What are the branches of the deep femoral artery?

medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries

New cards
45

Where does the medial circumflex femoral artery pass?

passes posteriorly to the femur

New cards
46

Where does the lateral circumflex artery pass?

passes anteriorly the femur

New cards
47

What are the muscles of the thigh supplied by?

the branches of femoral artery or the deep femoral artery

New cards
48

List the femoral triangle from lateral to medial:

femoral nerve, femoral artery, femoral vein

New cards
49

What are the paired branches of abdominal aorta?

Renal and Gonadal arteries

New cards
50

What are the two key branches of the descending aorta?

  1. Bronchial arteries

  2. Phrenic arteries

Extra: Posterior Intercostal Arteries too!!

New cards
51

What do the bronchial arteries do?

supply oxygenated blood to the lungs

New cards
52

What do phrenic arteries supply?

diaphragm

New cards
53

How many branches of the diaphragm are unpaired? What do they supply?

3 of branches are unpaired and supply the digestive system

New cards
54

What are the superficial veins of the arm & forearm?

  1. Basilic vein

  2. Cephalic vein

  3. Antecubital vein

New cards
55

What is another name for antecubital vein?

median cubital vein

New cards
56

What is the antecubital vein used for?

used to obtain blood or administer IV fluids

New cards
57

What is the superficial palmar arch made of?

ulnar artery & superficial branches of the radial artery

New cards
58

Where do the 3 common palmar digital arteries originate from?

superficial palmar arch

New cards
59

In the hand, the radial artery forms what?

deep palmar arch

New cards
60

What is an anastomosis?

connections between vessels

New cards
61

What are physiologic anastomoses?

  1. Superficial Palmar Arch

  2. Deep Palmar Arch

  3. Circle of Willis

  4. Anterior Interventricular artery

  5. Posterior Interventricular artery

New cards
62

What are pathologic anastomoses?

“Fistulas”

Basilic-Brachial arteriovenous anastomosis

New cards
63

Where is the brachial artery located?

cubital fossa

New cards
64

After passing which muscle, does axillary artery become brachial artery?

teres major

New cards
65

What artery pierces the triceps and travels with the radial nerve?

deep brachial artery

New cards
66

What area of the arm does brachial artery branch out into deep artery?

shoulder area

New cards
67

what are the two major branches of the brachial artery?

radial & ulnar arteries

New cards
68

What do anterior & posterior humeral circumflex arteries wrap around?

surgical neck of the humerus

New cards
69

What artery runs with the axillary artery in the quadrangular space?

posterior humeral circumflex artery

New cards
70

What are the branches of the axillary artery?

  1. Supreme Thoracic

  2. Thoracoacromial

  3. Lateral Thoracic

  4. Anterior Humeral Circumflex

  5. Posterior Humeral Circumflex

  6. Subscapular

New cards
71

What nerve does the lateral-thoracic branch of the axillary artery run with?

long thoracic nerve

New cards
72

What is the terminal branch of the subscapular branch of the axillary artery?

thoracodorsal artery- supplying latissimus dorsi

New cards
73

What are the branches of the thoracodorsal branch of the axillary nerve?

  1. Clavicular

  2. Acromial

  3. Deltoid

  4. Pectoral

New cards
74

What muscle divides the axillary artery into three parts?

pectoralis minor

New cards
75

How many branches does the first part of axillary artery have?

1 branch

New cards
76

Where is the first part of the axillary nerve located?

Medial part of pectoralis minor & lateral part of first rib

New cards
77

How many branches does the second part of the axillary artery have?

2 branches

New cards
78

Where is the second part of axillary artery located?

posterior to pectoralis minor

New cards
79

How many branches does the third part of the axillary artery have?

3 branches

New cards
80

Where is the third part of the axillary artery located?

from the lateral part of pec. minor to inferior border of teres major

New cards
81

What is the upper limit of axillary artery?

First rib

New cards
82

What is the lower limit of axillary artery?

inferior border of teres major

New cards
83

What are the veins of the thorax?

  1. Azygos Vein

  2. Hemiazygos Vein

  3. Accessory Hemiazygos Vein

New cards
84

What are the potential causes of epidural hematoma above the dura mater?

auto-accidents or sports injuries involving middle meningeal artery compression

New cards
85

What is the emergency treatment for an epidural hematoma?

decompression of the hematoma

New cards
86

What does middle meningeal artery?

supplies most of the dura & calvaria

New cards
87

Where is the middle meningeal artery found?

in the infratemporal fossa between the two roots of the auriculotemporal nerve

New cards
88

What are the three important branches of the maxillary nerve?

  1. Middle Meningeal artery

  2. Sphenopalatine artery

  3. Inferior Alveolar artery

New cards
89

What are the branches of the external carotid artery?

  1. Superior Thyroid

  2. Ascending Pharyngeal

  3. Lingual

  4. Facial

  5. Occipital

  6. Posterior Auricular

  7. Maxillary

  8. Superficial Temporal

New cards
90

To where does the external carotid artery give off branches?

neck, face, thyroid, pharynx, and side of head

New cards
91

Where does internal carotid artery enter the skull?

via the carotid canal

New cards
92

Does internal carotid artery give off branches in the neck?

NOOOOO

New cards
93

What is the most important branch of thyrocervical trunk?

inferior thyroid artery

New cards
94

What does the inferior thyroid artery supply?

thyroid gland and larynx

New cards
95

What are the three branches of thyrocervical trunk?

  1. Transverse Cervical

  2. Suprascapular

  3. Inferior Thyroid

New cards
96

What does the internal carotid artery(mammary) supply?

anterior chest wall & breasts

New cards
97

What vessel is the gold standard for CABG surgery?

internal thoracic artery

New cards
98

Where does the vertebral artery pass through?

transverse foramen

New cards
99

What are the branches of the subclavian artery?

  1. Vertebral artery

  2. Thyrocervical trunk

  3. Internal Thoracic Artery

New cards
100

What are the branches of the aorta?

  1. Brachiocephalic trunk

  2. Left common carotid artery

  3. Left subclavian artery

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 144 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11009 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(52)
note Note
studied byStudied by 63 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 77 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard39 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 133 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(7)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard306 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)