unit 2 trading routes (copy)

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what did the silk road trade

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networks of exchange

106 Terms

1

what did the silk road trade

luxury goods like tea, salt, porcelain, gunpowder, spices

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2

goods were ____ and carried by ___________ caravans

light, camel

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3

any animals that were traded wouldve been

riden

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4

europeans loved _______ good that came across the silk road like…..

chinese, silk and porcelain

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5

mechants would only travel a ________ of the silk road so it would be traded from _________ meaning that the more merchants the more ______________

specific portion, one merchant to another, expensive

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6

the silk road was over _________ miles long

4,000

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7

caravanserias

major cities along the silk road, about 100 miles apart, had banks, inns, places for animals to rest, and huge trading squares and markets

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8

what religions spread through the silk road

buddhism and islam

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9

diseases like the _________ were spread through the silk road as well and merchants could come into town and…..

black plague, spread the disease and leave before becoming symptomatic

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10

where was the black plague thought to have originated

gobi desert

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11

china was the first to have the idea of __________ which later revolutionized the silk road

paper money

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12

flying cash

deposit money under name at one location have slip of paper saying how much money that had deposited and could take money out at diffrerent location using paper, first banks

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13

muslims introduced __________ making the silk road less dangerous

banking houses

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14

what let camels carry more

better saddles

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15

pax mongolica

mongolian empire in eurasia

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16

this was a period of ____________ between asia and europe bc the silk road was under ______________ and it was a lot safer

relative peace, 1 government

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17

chinggis/ genghis khan

united the mongol tribes and built the largest empire ever seen

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18

before mongols eurasia was very…..

weak and fragmented

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19

genghis ________ kinships and different tribes unting them all under himseld and required all men to __________

broke down or destroyed, fight under him

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20

position in mongolian military based of off….

loyalty to genghis

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21

the mongols ___________ of the people they encountered, if you are peaceful you get _____________ into the mongolain empire, if agressive, __________________ into the mongolian empire

match the energy, absorbed peacefully, destroyed and then forced

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22

why was the mongols military so efficiant

  • very fast

  • well trained

  • oragnized

  • bow and arrow

  • new saddle that allowed to turn in all directions

  • very loyal to cause

  • good means of fast communication across long distances

  • had caravens that followed military that had supplies, medic, shamans, government officals, along with other things to keep the soilders spirits up

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23

song dynasty was constantly….

facing new threats from surroudning people

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24

yuan dynasty

kublai khan’s mongolian rule in china

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25

examples of the yuan dynasty’s relationship with the chinese

  • terrible

  • both believed they were superior to other and other barbaric

  • didnt allow chinese to serve in government

  • didnt allow chinese to learn mongolian

  • didnt allow interethnic marriage

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26

mongols wanted to open up trade with the ____________ but they refused and the mongols took this as an insult so they leveled ___________ and burned down the ____________

abbasid caliphate, baghdad, house of wisdom

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27

said that river ran ______ with ______ and _____ with _________ after the siege of baghdad

red, blood, black, ink

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28

even when the mogols controlled the middle east _____ was still the dominate faith and many mongols even _____________

islam, converted

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29

why didnt the mongols have a cultural impact

they ddint have a uniform culture to push onto their empire

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30

khanate

different parts the land of the mongolian empire was split up into after the death of genghis

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31

the 4 khanates

  • yuan dynasty

  • ilkanate of persia

  • khanate of chagata

    • khanate of golden horde

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32

yuan dynasty info

  • lead by kublai khan

  • china

  • bad relationship with people

  • more powerful than the others

  • lots of resentment

  • overthrown by peasants

  • embarrasment to china bc only time they were ruled by non chinese people

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33

khanate of chagata

places were islam, buddhism, and hinduism mixed, sort of like pakistan area

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34

khanate of golden horde

  • russia, poland, hungary, germany

  • sort of left alone by mongols bc they didnt like it

  • ruled by tribute system

  • most successful bc mongols left them to do their own thing

  • lasted in 15th/16th century

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35

ilkanate of persia

  • old abbasid caliphate

  • islamic

  • intertiwened with muslims

  • ruled with the muslims

  • tolerant of other religions

  • many mongols converted to islam

  • delinced due to financial issues

    • sort of died out

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36

mongols biggest impact was

pax mongolica

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37

mongols promoted ______ and helped with the ____________ of new ideas and technologies

trade, diffusion

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38

mongols were not effective at running government because

  • nomadic

  • didnt like to settle for too long

    • warriors rather than politicians

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39

when mongol decline was apparent ________ took over and started conquering

turks

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40

tamerlane

built empire in central asia after mongol collapse, similar to genghis khan

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41

after tamerlane’s deatht many ___________ empires emerged

gunpowder

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42

the __________ trade was the most important until _____________ was discovered

indian ocean, atlantic ocean

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43

indian ocean was used to transport….

bulky goods and goods in bulk

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44

major goods traded

  • india- spices

  • east africa- gold, ivory, slaves, iron goods

  • china- silk, procelain, tea

    • southeast asia- horses, figs, dates

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45

monsoon winds

predictable wind patterns in indian ocean

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46

monsoon winds were used to…

speed up trade and travel

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47

using _______ to your avantage was considered an innovation because of better understanding of ___________

wind, nature

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48

in the summer winds blew _________ india

toward

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49

in the winter winds blew ________ from india

away

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50

astrolabe

way to measure latitude

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51

junk ship

ship with hull that was flatter, lighter, faster

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52

lateen sails

turn to better catch wind

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53

stern rudders

turn to better catch waves

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54

all of these technological advancments made ships…..

faster and more reliable

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55

major cities on indian ocean

calicut and cambay →india

kilwa →swahili states

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56

how did the swahili states make so much money and become so successfull

by taxing goods and ships

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57

straits of malacca were in ________ and acted sort of as a _______, malaysia was an independent ___________ state, taxed ships passage through the strait on the promise of ____________________

malaysia, toll road, muslim, saftey from pirates

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58

orang laut

employed by the sultanate of malacca to keep the strait safe, stationed on small personal boats through strait

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59

ming dynasty

took back control after mongols

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60

hongwu

  • started ming dysnasty by leading and organizing the peasant revolte

  • tried to get rid of all traces of mongol rule

  • returned china to traditions and confucianism

    • renstated the imperial examination

  • got rid of anyone not wholey chinese

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61

emperor yongle

emperor after hongwu

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62

yongle encyclopedia

took all the great chinese history, philosophy, and literature into one book, most lost

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63

anything that was created by someone not full ______, was not included in the ______________ encyclopedia, this meant that works from nothern _____________ and western more ___________ people were not included

chinese, yongle, nomdic people, rural

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64

2 chinese port cities

quanzhou and guangzhou

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65

zheng he

  • chinese muslim

  • government sent him out to explore and learn about the indian ocean trade cities and report back

  • he would give out silk to bring interest to china

  • huge ship so brought lots of attention when arriving new cities

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66

why are zheng he’s journals important for isolationist china

gives them an idea of what the rest of the world is doing

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67

why did the ming dysnaty suddenly stop zheng he’s expiditions and burn all his research

  • they felt threatened by the muslims and buddhists coming in

  • didnt trust zheng bc muslim

  • got scared

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68

why was it hard for china to close back up again

the chinese people had gotten used to the foregin goods comng in and vice versa, they had gotten used to the new ppl and the new ideas coming in

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69

what does ming mean and signify

means brillant, meant to show the amazingness of the chinese people and erase the mongols

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70

first empire on the trans- saharan trade route

ghana

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71

the ghanan governement requried that any ___________ be turned into the government

gold nugget

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72

ghana is incredibly rich because of…

the many gold mines

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73

mail empire was ruled by

sundiata

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74

when did the mail empire swallow up the ghana empire

1235

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75

major trade cities on the trans- saharan trade route

  • timbuktu

  • gao

  • jenne

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76

mali empire made money by

taxing goods

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77

who ruled the mali empire

mansa musa, king of kings

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78

major cities were not only trading hubs but also

major education centers with huge libraries and universities

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79

when mansa musa made the pilgramage to mecca what were some notable things he did

  • caused inflation wherever he went bc of spending

  • built mosques and universities

  • had extremely long camel caravans

  • tons of gold everywhere

  • gave out gold for free

  • gold flakes all over camels hooves and fur showing riches

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80

mansa musa building many mosques imbedded what into west african culture

islam

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81

what empire conquered the mali when they were in decline and when

sunghai in 1464

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82

because ___________ was already intrenched into society not much change when empires were changed

islam

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83

there were civilzations on both sides of the sahara but only __________ in it

oases: areas where there is water and the land is fertile, small towns around it

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84

__________ brought over by the arabs revolutionized travel across the sahara

camels

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85

_________ was an innovation that let camels carry more making trade more effciant

camel saddles

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86

major goods traded on the trans-saharan route

  • gold

  • salt

  • ivory

  • enslaved people

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87

the items traded on the trans-saharan were similar to what area

east african coast

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88

marco polo

venetian traveler along silk road

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89

___________ took a liking to marco polo and he stayed in china for ____________ years and marco polo gained a __________ position in court as a _______________

kublai khan, 17, high up, amassador

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90

on the journey home marco polo was…..

nearly home when he was captured by a rival trade group

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91

marco polo had all of his journies….

transcribed while he was in prison by a ghost writer

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92

marco polo’s accounts of his travels increased european interest in __________ and by claiming that the silk road was safe to travel many _____________ went to mongol controlled territories and tried to convert

china and foregin goods, christian missonaries

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93

ibn battua

morrocan muslim who travled all through known world looking at things from the perspective of a muslim

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94

what are some things ibn battua looked at when looking at the diffreneces between islam

  • how they worship

  • what the mosques look

  • do they woman wear veils

  • interactions between men and women

  • any differences

  • how islam changed and adapted to the culture

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95

margery kempe

kinda crazy middle class medieval woman, english

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96

__________ wrote her autobiography about _______ along with her travels to places like__________ and it was prescribed in ___________

margery kempe, day to day life, jerusalem and rome, english and not latin

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97

europe saw the innovations of people like _________ and __________________ and wanted similar things

mongols, byzantine empire

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98

europe opening up led to the spread of…

the black plauge

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99

after the recovery fro the black plauge europe became more interest in…

ancient greeks and ancient romans

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100

renassance

rebirth

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