AP Lit Terms - Unit 1

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Allegory

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35 Terms

1

Allegory

a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.

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2

Allusion

A reference to another work of literature, person, or event

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3

Apostrophe

A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.

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4

Chiasmus

a rhetorical or literary figure in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same or a modified form

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5

Connotation

an idea or feeling that a word invokes

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6

Denotation

the literal meaning of a word

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7

Diction

A writer's or speaker's choice of words

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8

elegy

a sad or mournful poem

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9

Epithet

an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.

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10

Euphamism

indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant

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11

farce

A comedy that contains an extravagant and nonsensical disregard of seriousness, although it may have a serious, scornful purpose.

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12

Hyperbole

exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

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13

Imagery

language that appeals to the senses

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14

Irony

A contrast between expectation and reality

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15

juxtaposition

Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts

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16

Metaphor

a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.

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17

Mood

Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader

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18

Simile

A comparison using "like" or "as"

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19

metomyny

a figure of speech that replaces the name of a thing with the name of something else with which it is closely associated. (E.g. "suits" for "business executives."

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20

Paradox

A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.

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21

parody

A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.

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22

point of view

the perspective from which a story is told

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23

First Person POV

the narrator is a character in the story

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24

Second Person POV

The narrator tells the story using the pronouns "You", "Your," and "Yours" to address a reader or listener directly

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25

Third Person POV

The narrator tells the story using the pronouns, "He," "She," and "It" when referring to a person, place, thing, or idea.

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26

Personification

A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

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27

Onomonopia

The use of words or sounds which resemble the sounds they describe. (ex boom, psst)

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28

Rhetoric question

A question asked more to produce an effect than to summon an answer.

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29

Satire

A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies.

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30

Sonnet

14 line poem

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31

Elizabeth sonnet

ABAB CDCD EFEF GG

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32

Petrarchan sonnet

8 line octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd

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33

symbol

A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.

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34

Synecdoche

a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa

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35

Tone

Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character

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