World History Practice Quiz

studied byStudied by 101 People
5.0(3)
get a hint
hint

What does Vijayanagara mean?

1/48

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

New cards
48
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
48 Terms
New cards

What does Vijayanagara mean?

"city of victory"

New cards
New cards

What part of India was Vijayanagara located in?

South India

New cards
New cards

What is the name of the plateau that Vijayanagara rests upon?

Deccan

New cards
New cards

What did the rulers of Vijayanagara monopolize control of in the region?

trade and weapons.

New cards
New cards

What did Persian and European travelers compare the capitol city of the Vijayanagara Empire (capitol also called Vijayanagara) to?

Rome

New cards
New cards

What religion did the rulers of Vijayanagara promote?

Hinduism

New cards
New cards

When was Vijayanagara founded and when was it conquered and abandoned?

1646-1565.

New cards
New cards

Who sacked Vijayanagara?

Muslim armies

New cards
New cards

How many square miles did Vijayanagara cover?

16 square miles

New cards
New cards

What were the three zones of Vijayanagara?

-fortified urban core -a sacred center -the suburban settlements

New cards
New cards

Vijayagara was the first southern Indian state to cover what?

three main linguistic and cultural regions.

New cards
New cards

What modern Indian town is it Vijayanagara to?

Hampi

New cards
New cards

What modern Indian province is Vijayanagara in?

Karnataka

New cards
New cards

The three great strengths of the Khmer Empire.

-God King -Taxes incentivised competition -Armies able to get resources easily

New cards
New cards

The three flaws within these strengths.

-God Kings had a hard time(?) -Tax system encouraged deforestation and resentment of the peasants -Difficult water system

New cards
New cards

The religious influence begun by Jayavarman VII.

Buddhism

New cards
New cards

How long did the Mughal Empire last?

1526-1857

New cards
New cards

What happened during the rule of the Mughals?

India became united and experienced years of cultural and political prosperity

New cards
New cards

Who founded the Mughal Empire?

Babur

New cards
New cards

Who was Babur?

A warrior and a descendent of Genghis Khan of the Mongols

New cards
New cards

the Mughals are known for their many achievements and advancements which led to India being recognized as...?

a world leader in manufacturing and a center of Muslim art and architecture

New cards
New cards

Prominent Empires of the Mughal Empire

-Babur -Akbar the Great -Shah Jahan

New cards
New cards

Who is Akbar the Great?

Grandson of Babur and regarded as the "Master of Compromise." Ruled from 1556-1605

New cards
New cards

What did Akbar succeed in?

Consolidated the Mughal Empire and provided much needed stability

New cards
New cards

What did Akbar encourage?

-Societal and cultural development -Increased trade with European trading companies -Promoted religious tolerance -Debate on philosophical and religious issues among the people of the empire

New cards
New cards

Who is Shah Jahan?

The fifth Mughal emperor and ruled from 1628-1658. Widely considered to be one of the greatest Mughal emperors.

New cards
New cards

What was the most notable architectural achievement during the Moghul Empire?

Taj Mahal

New cards
New cards

What did many art pieces from the Mughal Empire focus on?

Eventful historical or political scenes such as Iranian and Indian myths/romances, major battles, court life and marriages

New cards
New cards

Mughal Painting is a style of...?

South Asian miniature painting. It emerged from the Persian miniature painting tradition with additional Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain influences.

New cards
New cards

Mughal painting usually took the form of...?

Book illustrations or single sheets preserved in albums

New cards
New cards

What are the four periods that commonly associate Mughal art?

-Akbar Period -Jahangir Period -Shah Jahan Period -Aurangzeb Period

New cards
New cards

What was the foundation of Mughal Empire's cultural achievements?

Mughal architecture

New cards
New cards

Who constructed the Taj Mahal and who is it for?

Shah Jahan built it for his wife

New cards
New cards

Mughal Empire architectural style

Indo-Islamic

New cards
New cards

What cultures that mix in the Mughal Empire?

-Persian -Islamic -Indian

New cards
New cards

What's one of the weapons did the Mughal Empire use?

Gunpowder

New cards
New cards

What did Akbar use in the warfare?

Metal cylinder rockets

New cards
New cards

What type of coinage did the Mughal Empire standardized?

Rupee

New cards
New cards

What did the rupee replace?

Dam

New cards
New cards

What were the main crops that were grown during the Mughal Empire?

-Cotton -Indigo -Opium

New cards
New cards

What were the main crops that were grown during the Mughal Empire? (by farmers)

-Wheat -Rice -Barley

New cards
New cards

What crops did the Europeans trade?

-Tobacco -Corn

New cards
New cards

What did the Mughal Empire focus on in trade?

Strengthening its agrarian markets by funding the construction of irrigation systems across the empire

New cards
New cards

What was the average Indian peasant skilled at?

Growing a wide variety of food and non-food crops

New cards
New cards

What did India produce around 1750?

25% of the world's industrial output

New cards
New cards

What did early Europe demand from Mughal India?

-cotton textiles -spices -peppers -indigo -silks -saltpeter

New cards
New cards

Since the Mughal Empire had little demand for Europe, what did the Europeans give?

gold and silver

New cards
New cards

Why did the Khmer Empire fall?

Powerful enemies grew after Jayavarman VII died. The Thai sacked the city of Angkor.

New cards