Nutrition Midterm

studied byStudied by 2 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Starch that is not digested in the small intestine is known as

1 / 133

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

134 Terms

1

Starch that is not digested in the small intestine is known as

Resistent Starch

New cards
2

The primary nutritional function of the large intestine is

Absorption of water

New cards
3

One benefit of keeping a record of everything you eat, and drink in a day is

Increased awareness of personal food patterns

New cards
4

The major focus of nutritional recommendations in this century has shifted to

Prevention and control of chronic disease

New cards
5

The value that controls the passage of chyme from the small intestine to the cecum is the

ileocecal valve

New cards
6

One of the major reasons why carbohydrates play a major role in nutrition is because they

Provide a ready source of vitamins and minerals

New cards
7

The end products of digestion of macro nutrients include fatty acids amino, acids, and

Monosaccharides

New cards
8

The actions involved in the process of digestion are

Muscular and chemical

New cards
9

Exchange Lists for Meal Planning groups foods that are equivalent in their

Macronutrient Content

New cards
10

Oligosaccharides

Contain 3 to 10 monosaccharides

New cards
11

Bacteria found in the colon are important because they

Synthesize important vitamins

New cards
12

The best source of nutrients is provided by

A variety of foods

New cards
13

To prevent symptoms of fatigue, dehydration and energy loss, the recommended minimum intake of carbohydrates should be

130 g

New cards
14

A major purpose of the dietary guidelines is to

Prevent chronic disease and promote health

New cards
15

The most important monosaccharide in human nutrition include glucose fructose and

Galactose

New cards
16

The type of acids that form the basic building blocks of proteins are

Amino acids

New cards
17

The primary function of carbohydrates as a food source is to

Supply energy

New cards
18

Absorption of most nutrients occurs in the

Small intestine

New cards
19

The enzyme produced by the parotid gland is

Salivary amylase

New cards
20

An observation that provides evidence that a person has good nutritional status is

Normal weight to height ratio

New cards
21

The rate of gastric emptying depend on the

Composition of food consumed

New cards
22

Storage sites for glycogen in the human body include the liver and the

Muscles

New cards
23

The type of carbohydrate that helps maintain normal blood glucose levels during fasting period is

Glycogen

New cards
24

It has been generally excepted that the percentage of total daily Kcalories supplied by fats should be no more than

20% to 35%

New cards
25

Ingredients necessary for photosynthesis to occur include carbon dioxide water, and

Chlorophyll

New cards
26

The lining of the stomach and intestine is protected from self digestion by

Mucus

New cards
27

Micronutrients include

Vitamins

New cards
28

Signs of malnutrition can appear when

NUTRIENT RESERVES ARE DEPLETED

New cards
29

The number of calories provided by 15 g of protein is

60

New cards
30

A major function of glucose is to

produce energy

New cards
31

The professional primarily responsible for application of nutrition science in clinical practice settings is the

Registered dietitian

New cards
32

Mucus is produced by the salivary glands and the

Intestinal glands

New cards
33

The factor most likely to stimulate digestive secretions is

Smelling, or seeing food

New cards
34

The percentage of total Kcalories intake for a healthy person that should be supplied by carbohydrate is

45% to 65%

New cards
35

Carbohydrate is stored in the body in the form of

Glycogen

New cards
36

The end products of digestion of macro nutrients include fatty acids amino, acids, and

Monosaccharides

New cards
37

The sum of all chemical processes inside living cells of the body that sustain life and health is known as

Metabolism

New cards
38

Sufficient dietary carbohydrate intake prevent formation of excess

Ketones

New cards
39

A mineral that helps strengthen tooth enamel and prevent dental caries is

Fluoride

New cards
40

Fiber can lower blood levels of

Triglycerides

New cards
41

The body of scientific knowledge related to nutritional requirements of human growth, maintenance activity and reproduction is known as

Nutrition science

New cards
42

Nutrients interact in the body to regulate metabolic processes, to build and repair tissue, and to

Provide energy

New cards
43

Carbohydrates are composed of a combination of carbon, hydrogen, and

Oxygen

New cards
44

The process of photosynthesis is responsible for the synthesis of

carbohydrates

New cards
45

The hormone that asked to lower blood sugar levels is

insulin

New cards
46

The small-finger like projections into the intestinal lumen are called

Villi

New cards
47

Fibers capacity to hold water is related to its ability to decrease development of

High blood cholesterol levels

New cards
48

The main body storage form of carbohydrates is

Glycogen

New cards
49

Macronutrients include

Proteins

New cards
50

The sugar to which all other sugars are converted during human metabolism is

glucose

New cards
51

Sugar alcohols are likely to be found in

low calorie foods

New cards
52

The rhythmic contractions that propel food through the intestinal track are called

peristalsis

New cards
53

An age group that is very vulnerable to malnutrition is

infants

New cards
54

The tolerable upper intake level is

The highest amount of a nutrient that can be safely consumed

New cards
55

Are the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands are found in the

Mouth

New cards
56

A person with lactose intolerance should limit the intake of

Milk

New cards
57

The action of biting, chewing, and breaking up ingested food into smaller particles is called

Mastication

New cards
58

The substance that serves as a vehicle for fat transport in the bloodstream is

Lipoproteins

New cards
59

Fructose is the sugar found in

honey and fruit

New cards
60

Weight gain occurs when

Calorie intake, exceeds energy expenditure

New cards
61

Obesity is associated with increased risk of

hypertension

New cards
62

The number of different amino acids that make up the human proteins is

20

New cards
63

Another name for conscious control of food intake to maintain stable weight is

Restrained eating

New cards
64

A protein that contains all the essential amino acids in the proper proportion is called

Complete protein

New cards
65

Are infections are common in people who have an adequate protein intake because of an insufficient quantity of

Antibodies

New cards
66

The hormone responsible for stimulating the gallbladder to contract and release bile is

cholecystokinin

New cards
67

The caloric value found in food composition tables should be a determined by

Direct calorimetry

New cards
68

The prevalence of obesity is higher in

Women than men

New cards
69

After digestion and absorption food provides an available source of energy to tissues, if it is converted into

Glucose

New cards
70

Factors that increase BMR include

Fever

New cards
71

The term that describes the amount of energy needed by the body for maintenance of life while at rest is

Basal Metabolism

New cards
72

The lipoprotein that helps slow the progression of atherosclerosis is

High density lipoprotein

New cards
73

The primary function of proteins in the diet is to

Build and repair tissue

New cards
74

Diets that contain less than 10% of K calories as fat or not recommended because

intake of essential fatty acids would be too low

New cards
75

The form of fatty acids in naturally occurring fats is generally

Cis

New cards
76

The effect of trans fatty acids on blood cholesterol is similar to that of

Saturated Fatty Acids

New cards
77

Excessive intakes of dietary protein can

impair kidney function

New cards
78

A high blood cholesterol level appears to be associated with the development of

coronary heart disease

New cards
79

A person is most likely to have a diet with good protein if they

consume a variety of foods

New cards
80

Amino acids are absorbed by

Active transport

New cards
81

Amino acids that can be synthesized by the body in sufficient amount are known as

Dispensable

New cards
82

The important factor in determining whether a person is fat or lean is the persons

Body composition

New cards
83

An important function of cholesterol is to

Form bile salts

New cards
84

An example of behavioral therapy is

Rewarding yourself by going to a movie after walking five times a week for a month

New cards
85

A triglyceride is a compound of glycerol and

Fatty acids

New cards
86

Dietetic professionals working with clients who need to lose weight should work toward

permanent lifestyle changes

New cards
87

The best food source of essential fatty acids are

Vegetable oils

New cards
88

The tissue that has the highest rate of protein turnover is the

Intestinal mucosa

New cards
89

The recommended dietary intake of protein for adults

0.8g/kg

New cards
90

To promote weight loss diet plans should be

Individualized for each client

New cards
91

An example of a complete protein is

Milk

New cards
92

The major portion of chemical digestion of lipids occurs in

Small intestine

New cards
93

People with prediabetes may avoid development of full-blown type two diabetes if they lose

5% to 10% of their body weight

New cards
94

The digestive enzyme lecithinase acts in the small intestine to digest

lecithin

New cards
95

The endogenous supply of cholesterol is synthesize, mainly by the

Liver

New cards
96

An example of electrical energy in the body is

Transmitting nerve impulses

New cards
97

Proteins are bills from simpler organic compounds called

Amino acids

New cards
98

An important type of metabolic chemical that is not used up in the reaction that causes is

Enzymes

New cards
99

A persons total energy requirements are determined by adding the BMR, amount of daily activity, and the

Thermic effect of food

New cards
100

One reason that obesity is increasing in children is because many of them

Spend large amounts of time watching television

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2858 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(10)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard29 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard23 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard23 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard82 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 26 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard56 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)