MUNM 1113 Midterm

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The smallest instrument of the string family is?

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120 Terms

1

The smallest instrument of the string family is?

Violin

<p>Violin</p>
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2

There are four families of instruments within the modern orchestra. What are they?

String, Woodwind, Brass, and Percussion

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3

In these two time signatures, what do the upper and lower numbers represent?

3 quarter notes

<p>3 quarter notes</p>
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4

The word dynamic refers to what in music?

How soft or loud. Texture of the music: thickness/thinness.

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5

The word tempo refers to what?

The pace of the music. How fast it's going (frequency).

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6

A sharp sign does what to a note?

Half step above regular note.

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7

A flat does what to a note?

Half step below regular note.

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8

The octave represents the distance of 8 pitches. What mathematical ratio is representative of the octave?

2:1

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9

Name this symbol?

Dotted quarter note (1/4)

<p>Dotted quarter note (1/4)</p>
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10

Name this symbol?

Whole rest

<p>Whole rest</p>
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11

Music is notated on a series of 5 lines and 4 spaces called?

Staff

<p>Staff</p>
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12

A grouping of sharps and flats at the beginning of a piece of music is called a?

Key

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13

Ancient Greek and early church music based on early scales called?

Church modes

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14

The major and minor scales we use today were once know as what?

Major: Ionian

Minor: Acolian

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15

Name the two distinct types of meter?

Simple and Compound

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16

Music that consists of many independent voices are called?

Polyphony

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17

Music that contains only on voice and one line of interest is called?

Monophony

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18

Music that one melodic line of interest is called?

Homophony

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19

An ancient instrument still used today that has many keyboards, pipes, and controls variation in sounds with the use of stops is an?

Organ

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20

Movement from one pitch to the next via half steps is technically called?

Chromatic

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21

Who composed "Alleluia for Christmas Day"

Anonymous

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22

Who composed "Nuper Rosarum Flores"

Guillarme du Fay

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23

Who composed "Sederunt"

Perotin

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24

Who composed "Epitaph of Seikilos"

Anonymous

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25

Who composed "Can vei la lauzeta"

Bernart de Ventadorn

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26

What is Skolion?

Drinking Song

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27

Name 2 places where ancient music has also been discovered?

Greece/Rome

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28

The earliest polyphonic music to have lines added above the chant line was called?

Organum

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29

Which Pope began the codification of the Latin/Catholic Mass was started by which pope?

Pope Gregory the Great

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30

At the cathedral of Notre Dame a system for notating rhythm was devised. What was this system called and who devised it?

Polyphonic, Perotin

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31

What is the name given to the group of French nobleman that excelled at writing songs and poetry about courtly love and romance?

Troubadours

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32

What language did French nobleman (troubadours) write in?

Oxitan

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33

The composer Philip De Vitry contributed music to one of the great Medieval works of literature. What was the name of this work?

Roman de Favel

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34

By the end of the Middle ages what two intervals had been accepted as consonance?

3rd and 6th

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35

Who composed "Agnus Dei Hercules"?

Des Prez

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36

Who composed "Ein Feste Burg"?

Martin Luther

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37

Who composed "De plus en plus"?

Binchois

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38

Who composed "Agnus Dei"?

Palestrina

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39

What does the word Renaissance mean?

"Rebirth"

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40

How would you describe dissonance?

Harsh sound (unpleasing"

Ex: Seconds/7th or 3rd

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41

What is the major polyphonic secular song of the Renaissance called?

Madrigal

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42

A series of musical inventions including Points of Imitation are credited to which Renaissance composer?

Des Prez

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43

The composer is believed to have saved polyphonic music in the catholic church. What was his name?

Giovanni P. Palestrina

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44

Ein feste burg is an example of what style of music?

Chorale

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45

What is the name of major philosophical movement of the Ranaissance?

Humanism

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46

When a dissonance is reolved by motion back to the note it came from, it is called what kind of note?

Neighbor Note

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47

A group of musicians and thinkers that began a movement in Florence which led to the creation of Opera was called?

Florentine Camerata

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48

Monteverdi composed?

"Orfeo"

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49

Bach composed?

"Ach Golgatha"

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50

Mozart composed?

"Piano concerto #17"

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51

Gluck composed?

"Orfeo and Euridice"

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52

Vivaldi composed?

"La Primavera"

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53

Lully composed?

"Armide"

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54

The Baroque composer sought to move the emotions of his listeners by using certain musical elements. The various techniques used became known as?

Doctrine of Affections

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55

A formal structure in music closely associated with the Concerto. What is the name of this form?

Ritornello Form

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56

The renaissance gave rise to new philosophical outlook called Humanism. What new philosophical ,movement stirred in the Classical period?

The Enlightment

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57

What does the word Baroque mean?

Portuguese word "barroco", means irregular shaped pearl

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58

The new, more simple, style of music of the Classical period, that sought as its main aim "to please" was called what style?

Gallant Style

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59

What name is used for a large multi-movement work consisting of soloists, orchestras and chorus which uses stories taken mostly from The Old Testament for its narrative?

Oratorio

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60

The major three-part formal plan that composers used for solo/aria, in Italian opera, during the Baroque period was called?

De Capo

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61

A work for a group of soloist and orchestra is called what?

Concerto Grosso

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62

A formal structure in which a theme is presented and then altered throughout the rest of the composition is called?

Theme and Variations

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63

A famed composer of the Baroque who began and then left priest-hood, to serve as a composer/music teacher at the Hospital of pieta, and orphanage for young girls?

Vivaldi

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64

I am an Italian born composer. I altered my name/presided over the music of the court of Louis XIV. I am largely remembered for my contribution to Tragedie Lyrique?

Lully

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65

I am German composer who served in many cities before residing in Leipzig. I am mostly remembered for my contributions to Church music and music for the keyboard?

Bach

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66

I am a composer that worked in two periods and was the first master of a new style of stage music called opera. My operas are still performed today. I lived most of my life in Venice and composed amongst others and opera called "Orfeo".

Monteverdi

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67

I am a composer born in Bohemia, now modern day Germany. I spent most of my life composing Italian opera. Toward the end of my career I sought about reforming opera in an attempt to bring the styles of Italian and French opera more closely together?

Gluck

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68

I am German composer who is mostly remembered from my contributions to Italian opera. I was also at the forefront of a new style of music drama called Oratorio?

Handell

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69

Define Chanson

French word for song

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70

Who composed "Cruda Amarilli"?

Monteverdi

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71

Who valued gymnastics and music? He said it perfected the body and the mind.

Plato

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72

Alto

the lowest female voice range, also called contralto

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73

Bass

lowest male voice register

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74

Crescendo

getting loud

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75

Decrescendo

getting soft

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76

Musical tone

regular, predictable pulsations, of sound.

4 basic definitive characteristics: frequencey, volume, timbre, and duration

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77

Noise

irregular sound

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78

Amplitude

furthest distance a vibrating object travels

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79

Frequency

speed/rate

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80

Pitch

highness/lowness of sound

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81

Chromatic

set of 12 pitches represented by all white/black keys on piano w/in octave

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82

Interval

distance between two pitches

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83

How many keys on a piano

88

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84

Atonal

lacks tonal center

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85

Dots to the right of note increase the note by?

half a note

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86

Points of Imitation

use of imitation for just the first few notes or phrase of a melody

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87

Brass Family

Trumpet, Horn, Trombone, Tuba

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88

String Family

Violin, Viola, Cello, Bass

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89

Woodwind Family

Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Bassoon

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90

Percussion Family

Timpani

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91

Church Modes (Greek)

1.) Ionian: Modern Major

2.) Dorian

3.) Phrygian

4.) Lydian

5.) Mixolydian

6.) Aeolian: Modern Minor

7.) Locrian

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92

Structure of Music

1.) Melody

2.) Form

3.) Texture

4.) Motive

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93

4 basic properties

1.) frequency

2.) timbre/tone color

3.) amplitude

4.) duration

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94

Fugue

polyphonic composition est. by # of voices build on single principle called subject

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95

Secular song

song not meant for church

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96

Intermezzo's

short opera's, written by Pergolesi

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97

Tragedie-Lyrique

french operas, ballets etc

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98

Handel used what type of genre to rise out of opera?

Oratorio: like opera, but no theatrical acts/costumes, and sang about bible stories

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99

Octtant

8 notes to choose from

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100

Who is Periton?

composed music for the cathedral

started revolution in music (chorus)

simultaneous notes: chords

notating rhythm

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