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a state without government and laws

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103 Terms

1

a state without government and laws

Anarchy

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2

an institution through which leaders exercise power to make and enforce laws affecting the people under its control

Government

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3

a group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tradition, and sometimes, religion

Nation

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4

a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government

state/country

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5

the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries

Sovereignty

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6

speculation based on study

Theory

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7

the idea that people are chosen by a god or gods to rule

Divine Right

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8

one who engages in the pursuit of wisdom

Philosopher

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9

theory that by contract, people surrender to the state the power needed to maintain order and the state, in turn, agrees to protect its citizens

Social Contract

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10

a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government

Unitary System

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11

a loose union of independent states

Confederacy

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12

a government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments

Federal System

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13

a plan that provides the rules for government

Constitution

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14

a government in which a constitution has authority to place clearly recognized limits on the powers of those who govern

Constitutional Government

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15

controlling all aspects of citizens' economic, political, and social lives

Authoritarian

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16

a system of government in which the government has total control

Totalitarianism

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17

a gathering

Assembly

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18

a system of government in which power is in the hands of one person who has total control

Dictatorship

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19

a system of government in which a small group holds power

Oligarchy

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20

a system of government in which a king, queen, or emperor exercises supreme powers of government

Monarchy

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21

government in which the people rule

Democracy

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22

a government in which voters hold sovereign power; elected representatives, responsible to the people, exercise that power

Republic

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23

establishment practice, or social organization

Institution

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24

the study of how people and nations use their limited resources to attempt to satisfy wants and needs

Economics

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25

rule or procedure that has the force of law

Regulation

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26

an economic system in which private citizens own and use the factors of production in order to generate profits

Capitalism

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27

people who purchase and use goods and services

Consumers

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28

economic system in which buyers and sellers make free choices in the marketplace

Free Market

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29

the opportunity to control one's own economic decisions

Free Enterprise

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30

the philosophy that government should keep its hands off the economy

Lassiez-faire

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31

a system in which the government regulates private enterprise

Mixed Economies

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32

an economic system in which the government owns the basic means of production, distributes the products and wages, and provides social services such as health care and welfare

Socialism

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33

a socialist who is committed to democracy but wants government involvement in the distribution of wealth

Democratic Socialist

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34

an economic system in which the government controls the factors of production

Command Economy

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35

capitalists who own the means of production

Bourgeoisie

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36

workers who produce the goods

Proletariat

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37

an economic system in which the factors of production are collectively owned and the central government directs all major economic decisions

Communism

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38

Most humans can not function and would not choose to live in _______ and _, where _ rule the land through ________ and _. This is ___.

chaos, turmoil, mobs, might, violence, anarchy

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39

Governments Provide

Leadership, Order, Security and Defense, Public Services, and Economic Assistance and Economic Security

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40

Governments set priorities and make decisions, and they maintain _________.

order

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41

Nearly any group, people will _______ and some may take ________ of others

disagree, advantage

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42

Provide some sort of ______ ________ force, _________ or __________ ________ to enforce laws and keep the peace

domestic security, police, national guard

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43

Governments _______ public services and promote public health and safety

provide

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44

Governments provide things such as:

Create schools, build water lines, roads, hospitals

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45

Governments provide National _________ to protect the people against _______ ________

security, external threats

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46

Governments ________ the economic security of their people and may provide _____________ to those in need

protect, assistance

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47

A state has sovereignty, which means that:

its government makes and enforces its own laws

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48

States in today's political world share four essential features:

Population, Territory, Sovereignty, and Government

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49

states must have people

population

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50

a state must have established boundaries

territory

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51

the key characteristics of a state; means states have supreme and absolute authority within its boundaries

sovereignty

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52

Some scholars believe that the notion of state evolved from the family. Ex: Abraham: "father to many nations"

evolutionary theory

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53

States emerged when people needed to cooperate to survive but could become organized when one or more people took control

force theory

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54

The idea that certain people are chosen by a god or gods. Particularly to European Monarchs in the 1600-1700's

divine right theory

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55

Believed states existed to protect and serve the people without a state or Government, people would live in a "state of nature" and life will be nasty, brutish, and short

social contract theory

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56

All governments reflect their societies _______ and ________

history, culture

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57

All societies must _________ their governments to carry out important functions

organize

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58

3 Main Forms of Government

Unitary System Confederacy Federal System

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59

Unitary System: the only powers that _________ or ________ governments have are those expressly given to them by the central government

states, local

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60

Unitary System- Advantage: Disadvantages: Examples:

centralized power, less power given to localities. Japan, France, Bolivia

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61

Confederacy System- Advantage: Disadvantage:

the power it gives to the states, weak central power

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62

The United States developed a _______ ________ when it wrote its ____________

federal system, Constitution

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63

Federal System- Advantages: Disadvantages:

It shares power among different levels of government while still having more centralized power than its confederated system, each level of government can make its own laws

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64

The constitution sets out ________ that the people bound by the constitution believe in and share

ideals

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65

The constitution establishes the basic _______ of government and details the government's ______ and ________

structure, powers, duties

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66

The constitution provides the supreme ________ of the country

law

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67

A Constitutional government is ________ because the constitution places limits on the powers of government officials

limited

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68

Constitutions are important but _________ guides to how a country is actually governed

incomplete

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69

Monarchy- Ancient time: Autocrats: Example:

was sanctioned by religion, Monarchs who maintained power through intimidation and or force, Swaziland

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70

Democracies derive their power from the _______ and ________ of their people

consent, trust

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71

Democracies can be ______ or _________

direct, indirect

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72

A government in which all citizens cast a vote directly on government issues and laws

direct democracies

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73

The people elect representatives and give them the power to make laws and conduct government

indirect democracies

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74

THE UNITED STATES WE HAVE A _________ DEMOCRACY THAT DOES NOT HAVE A ________ IN CHARGE: MAKES US A ________

representative, monarch, republic

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75

In a true democracy, _________ is more than a right it is a duty and ______ citizen participation builds a _________ democracy

participation, effective, stronger

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76

Democracy depends on a _______ transfer of ________ from one set of leaders to the next, so ________ the results of a free and fair election is essential

peaceful, power, accepting

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77

Everyone must _______ the ________ and will be _____ accountable if they _______ it

obey, law, held, violate

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78

_______ and _________ officials are responsible for their actions and have to be accountable to the people

elected, appointed

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79

You can not have a democracy with one party, you have to have more than one

competing political parties

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80

There is not enough of ______ for ________ to have everything they ______

anything, everyone, want

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81

Governments play key roles in economics and every economy has _, _, _, ________, _, and ___________

producers, distributors, consumers, labor, resources, capital

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82

People who make goods and services to sell

producers

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83

People who get products to buyers

distributors

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84

People who purchase and use goods and services

consumers

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85

The work people do or the worker themselves

labor

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86

Natural materials such as land and water, as well as human knowledge and labor needed to make something

resources

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87

The money or resources necessary to purchase or invest in production

capital

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88

Risk-taking individuals who use or combine the other factors that take the risk for the possibility of profits

entrepreneurs

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89

Economic systems are ____ either by how the economics work or by the political _______ that is connected to the economy

classified, ideology

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90

The goal of Capitalism is to create a _______ _______ where ________ and _________ are free to make their economic decisions

free market, buyers, sellers

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91

________ _______ ________ like that under capitalism, government places no limits on the ________ of buyers and sellers to make their economic decisions

Free Market Economy, freedom

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92

Origins of Capitalism

Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations

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93

In capitalism the government takes a ____________ approach: "to let alone"

laissez-faire

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94

In capitalism the _______ _______ will move the market where it needs to go

Invisible Hand

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95

You must have _______ to have capitalism

competition

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96

Sometimes, a country can shift from one type of _________ to another

economy

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97

The economic system of the United States has shifted as the _______ ________ has grown, has become more involved in _________ ____________ and has created programs to provide basic ________ security

Federal Government, regulating industries, economic

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98

Under Socialism, the government determines the use of _, __ _________ and _________ and provides _______ ________ for its people

resources, distribute products, wages, social services

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99

Socialist believe in political democracy but want _______ to regulate the distribution of ________

government, wealth

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100

Under __________ _, citizens have basic _ rights, but the government makes economic decisions and may own _____ __________

Democratic Socialism, democratic, key industries

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