Lang Lit 2 H Mrs.England 1st Quarter Vocab

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105 Terms

1

abstruse

difficult to understand; obscure.

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2

amity

a friendly relationship

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3

arrogant

having or revealing an exaggerated sense of one's own importance or abilities.

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4

averse

having a strong dislike of or opposition to something.

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5

bolster

support or strengthen; prop up.

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6

clemency

mercy; lenience.

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7

contingent

subject to chance.

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8

cupidity

greed for money or possessions.

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9

desultory

lacking a plan, purpose, or enthusiasm.

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10

dissolution

the closing down or dismissal of an assembly, partnership, or official body.

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11

emulate

match or surpass (a person or achievement), typically by imitation.

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12

euphemism

a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.

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13

fastidious

very attentive to and concerned about accuracy and detail.

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14

garish

obtrusively bright and showy; lurid.

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15

heed

pay attention to; take notice of.

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16

impetuous

acting or done quickly and without thought or care.

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17

incredulous

(of a person or their manner) unwilling or unable to believe something.

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18

insolent

showing a rude and arrogant lack of respect.

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19

jeopardy

danger of loss, harm, or failure.

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20

legacy

the long-lasting impact of particular events, actions, etc. that took place in the past, or of a person’s life.

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21

malefactor

a person who commits a crime or some other wrong.

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22

mitigate

make less severe, serious, or painful.

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23

nurture

care for and encourage the growth or development of.

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24

optimist

a person who tends to be hopeful and confident about the future or the success of something.

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25

pervade

(especially of a smell) spread through and be perceived in every part of.

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26

preclude

prevent from happening; make impossible.

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27

proximity

nearness in space, time, or relationship.

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28

recluse

a person who lives a solitary life and tends to avoid other people.

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29

revere

feel deep respect or admiration for (something).

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30

seditious

inciting or causing people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.

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31

stealth

cautious and surreptitious action or movement.

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32

tangent

a straight line or plane that touches a curve or curved surface at a point, but if extended does not cross it at that point or a completely different line of thought or action.

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33

trite

(of a remark, opinion, or idea) overused and consequently of little import; lacking originality or freshness.

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34

vacillate

alternate or waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive.

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35

wane

(of the moon) have a progressively smaller part of its visible surface illuminated, so that it appears to decrease in size.

(especially of a condition or feeling) decrease in vigor, power, or extent; become weaker.

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36

affable

friendly, good-natured, or easy to talk to.

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37

antiquated

old-fashioned or outdated.

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38

assail

make a concerted or violent attack on.

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39

belie

(of an appearance) fail to give a true notion or impression of (something); disguise or contradict.fail to fulfill or justify (a claim or expectation); betray.

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40

candor

the quality of being open and honest in expression; frankness.

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41

complacent

showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements.

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42

converge

(of lines) tend to meet at a point.

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43

daunted

make (someone) feel intimidated or apprehensive.

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44

digress

leave the main subject temporarily in speech or writing.

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45

dogmatic

inclined to lay down principles as incontrovertibly true.

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46

enigma

a person or thing that is mysterious, puzzling, or difficult to understand.

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47

expurgate

remove matter thought to be objectionable or unsuitable from (a text or account).

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48

fledgling

a person or organization that is immature, inexperienced, or underdeveloped.

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49

gravity

the force that attracts a body toward the center of the earth, or toward any other physical body having mass.

extreme or alarming importance; seriousness.

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50

hyperbole

exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

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51

inadvertent

not resulting from or achieved through deliberate planning.

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52

infamy

the state of being well known for some bad quality or deed.

an evil or wicked act.

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53

intractable

hard to control or deal with.

(of a person) difficult or stubborn.

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54

jubilant

feeling or expressing great happiness and triumph.

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55

loath

reluctant; unwilling.

"I was loath to leave"

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56

meager

(of something provided or available) lacking in quantity or quality.

(of a person or animal) lean; thin.

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57

mundane

lacking interest or excitement; dull.

of this earthly world rather than a heavenly or spiritual one.

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58

obscure

not discovered or known about; uncertain.

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59

paragon

a person or thing regarded as a perfect example of a particular quality.

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60

phlegmatic

(of a person) having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition.

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61

pretentious

attempting to impress by affecting greater importance, talent, culture, etc., than is actually possessed.

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62

quandary

a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation.

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63

reprove

reprimand or censure (someone).

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64

sanction

give official permission or approval for (an action).

impose a sanction or penalty on.

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65

slander

the action or crime of making a false spoken statement damaging to a person's reputation.

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66

subtle

(especially of a change or distinction) so delicate or precise as to be difficult to analyze or describe.

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67

tenacious

tending to keep a firm hold of something; clinging or adhering closely.

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68

ubiquitous

present, appearing, or found everywhere.

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69

vapid

offering nothing that is stimulating or challenging.

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70

wax

cover or treat (something) with wax or a similar substance, typically to polish or protect it.

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71

alienate

cause (someone) to feel isolated or estranged.

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72

arbitrary

based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.

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73

astute

having or showing an ability to accurately assess situations or people and turn this to one's advantage.

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74

benign

gentle and kindly.

(of a disease) not harmful in effect.

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75

censure

express severe disapproval of (someone or something), especially in a formal statement.

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76

composure

the state or feeling of being calm and in control of oneself.

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77

cordial

warm and friendly.

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78

deplore

feel or express strong disapproval of (something).

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79

disdain

the feeling that someone or something is unworthy of one's consideration or respect; contempt.

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80

elated

ecstatically happy.

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81

erratic

not even or regular in pattern or movement; unpredictable.

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82

extraneous

irrelevant or unrelated to the subject being dealt with

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83

fulminate

express vehement protest.

explode violently or flash like lightning.

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84

harbor

keep (a thought or feeling, typically a negative one) in one's mind, especially secretly.

shelter or hide (a criminal or wanted person).

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85

imminent

about to happen.

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86

incompatible

(of two things) so opposed in character as to be incapable of existing together.

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87

infer

deduce or conclude (information) from evidence and reasoning rather than from explicit statements.

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88

irascible

having or showing a tendency to be easily angered.

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89

laconic

(of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words.

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90

lucid

expressed clearly; easy to understand.

bright or luminous.

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91

mellifluous

(of a voice or words) sweet or musical; pleasant to hear.

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92

novelty

the quality of being new, original, or unusual.

a small and inexpensive toy or ornament.

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93

obtuse

annoyingly insensitive or slow to understand.

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94

penury

extreme poverty; destitution.

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95

ponderous

slow and clumsy because of great weight.

dull, laborious, or excessively solemn.

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96

profound

(of a state, quality, or emotion) very great or intense.

(of a person or statement) having or showing great knowledge or insight.

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97

rampant

(especially of something unwelcome or unpleasant) flourishing or spreading unchecked.

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98

reserve

a supply of a commodity not needed for immediate use but available if required.

a force or body of troops kept back from action to reinforce or protect others, or additional to the regular forces and available in an emergency.

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99

scrutinize

examine or inspect closely and thoroughly.

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100

sporadic

occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places; scattered or isolated.

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