ANAtomy

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What is anatomy?

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236 Terms

1

What is anatomy?

The study of internal and external structures.

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2

What does congenital mean?

A disease or condition present from birth.

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3

What is homeostasis?

The ability of the body to maintain a stable internal environment.

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4

What is physiology?

The study of how anatomical structures function.

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5

What does prone mean?

Face down.

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6

What does supine mean?

Face up.

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7

What does anterior mean?

Front

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8

What does posterior mean?

Back

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9

What does medial mean?

Cut in half

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10

What does lateral mean?

Split in half

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11

What does proximal mean?

Closest to the trunk

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12

What does distal mean?

away from the trunk of the body

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13

What does superficial mean?

Towards the surface

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14

What does deep mean?

Away from the surface

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15

What is the frontal plane?

Divides body into anterior and posterior portions.

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16

What is the sagittal plane?

divides body into left and right

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17

What is the midsagittal plane?

divides the body into equal left and right halves

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18

What is the transverse plane?

Divides body into superior and inferior portions.

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19

Which plane is evaluated during a CT scan?

Transverse plane.

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20

What is the definition of abdominal?

Belly

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21

What is the definition of antebrachial?

Forearm

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22

What is the definition of antecubital?

Front of elbow

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23

What is the definition of axillary?

Armpit

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24

What is the definition of brachial?

Arm

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25

What is the definition of buccal?

Cheek

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26

What is the definition of carpal?

Wrist

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27

What is the definition of cephalic?

Head

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28

What is the definition of cervical?

Neck

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29

What is the definition of coxal?

Hip

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30

What is the definition of crural?

Shin

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31

What is the definition of femoral?

Thigh

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32

What is the definition of frontal?

Forehead

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33

What is the definition of inguinal?

Groin

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34

What is the definition of manus?

Hand

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35

What is the definition of pelvic?

Relating to the pelvis.

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36

What is the definition of thoracic?

Relating to the chest.

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37

What is the definition of umbilical?

Relating to the navel.

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38

What is the definition of palmar?

palm of hand

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39

What is the definition of patellar?

Relating to the kneecap.

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40

What is the definition of tarsal?

Relating to the ankle.

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41

What is the definition of nasal?

Relating to the nose.

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42

What is the definition of oral?

Relating to the mouth.

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43

What is the definition of mental?

Relating to the chin.

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44

What is the definition of plantar?

Relating to the sole of the foot.

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45

What is the definition of pubic?

Relating to the genitalia.

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46

What is the definition of sternal?

Relating to the sternum.

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47

What is the definition of pedal?

Relating to the foot.

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48

What are the levels of organization within the body?

atoms, molecules, Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organism.

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49

How do we obtain electrolytes?

Through food and drinks.

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50

What is the smallest living unit of the body?

Cell.

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51

What structures make up the axial body?

Head, neck, and trunk.

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52

What structures make up the appendicular body?

Arms and legs.

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53

Which body involves the body trunk?

Axial body.

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54

Which body involves the arms and legs?

Appendicular body.

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55

What structures make up the somatic body?

Superficial structures like the skin and skeletal muscle.

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56

What structures make up the visceral body?

Internal organs.

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57

Which body involves superficial structures?

Somatic body.

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58

Which body involves internal organs?

Visceral body.

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59

What are the 4 abdominal quadrants?

right upper quadrant

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60

left upper quadrant

top left of the abdomen

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61

right lower quadrant

right lower abdomen

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62

left lower quadrant

left lower abdomen

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63

What organ is located in the Right upper quadrant (RUQ)?

Gallbladder

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64

What organ is located in the Right lower quadrant (RLQ)?

Appendix

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65

What organ is located in the Left upper quadrant (LUQ)?

Stomach

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66

What organ is located in the Left lower quadrant (LLQ)?

Colon

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67

What is the function of the integumentary system?

Protects from environment (hair, skin, nails)

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68

What is the function of the skeletal system?

Protects organs, creates movement, forms blood cells, stores minerals

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69

What is the function of the nervous system?

Fast acting control system of the body

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70

What is the function of the muscular system?

Produces movement, heat, and maintains posture

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71

What is the function of the cardiovascular system?

Carries blood throughout the body

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72

What is the function of the endocrine system?

Slow acting organ system involved in hormonal regulation

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73

What is the function of the respiratory system?

Supplies the body with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide

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74

What is the function of the lymphatic system?

Picks up leaked fluid and is involved in immunity

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75

What is the function of the digestive system?

Breaks down food and absorbs nutrients

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76

What is the function of the urinary system?

Eliminates liquid wastes from the body

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77

What is the function of the reproductive system?

Involved in sexual reproduction

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78

What is homeostasis?

The ability of an organism to maintain a stable internal environment.

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79

What does hydrophilic mean?

Having an affinity for water.

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80

What does hydrophobic mean?

Repelling or not mixing with water.

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81

What does hypertonic mean?

Having a higher solute concentration compared to another solution.

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82

What is hypoglycemia?

A condition characterized by low blood sugar levels.

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83

What does hypotonic mean?

Having a lower solute concentration compared to another solution.

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84

What does isotonic mean?

Having the same solute concentration as another solution.

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85

What is osmosis?

The movement of solvent molecules from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration.

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86

What is a solute?

substance that is dissolved in a solvent.

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87

What is a solvent?

substance that dissolved to form a solution.

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88

Which group is involved with energy and metabolism?

Carbohydrates

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89

Which group is united by its hydrophobia?

Lipids (fats)

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90

Which group is responsible for cellular function?

Proteins

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91

Which group provides instructions on how to make proteins?

Nucleic acids

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92

What groups (and subgroups) are found in a regular human diet?

Carbohydrates, lipids (fats), proteins

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93

What are the 3 types of lipids?

Triglycerides, phospholipids, and steroids.

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94

Which type of lipid is found in the diet?

Triglycerides.

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95

Which type of lipid is found in cell membranes?

Phospholipids.

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96

Which type of lipid is found in cell membranes and hormones?

Steroids.

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97

Which type of lipid has a hydrophilic portion and a hydrophobic portion?

Phospholipids.

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98

Which type of lipid has a 4-ring structure?

Steroids.

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99

Which type of lipid is used for energy?

Triglycerides.

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100

What are the 4 types of carbohydrates?

sugars, glycogen, starch, cellulose

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