the cold war

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how many Japanese people died in the bombing?

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1

how many Japanese people died in the bombing?

120,000

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2

how much TNT was dropped in the Japan bombing?

12,000 tonnes

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3

how many soviets died as a result of the early Berlin takeover in WWII?

70,000

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4

why did the USA drop 2 bombs in Japan?

to establish power, easier to negotiate w Stalin

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5

when was the potsdam conference?

July - August 1945

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6

when was the Tehran conference?

1943

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7

when was the Yalta conference?

Feb 1945

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8

how much money did Germany have to pay to the USSR for reparations?

$20 billion

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9

how much of the German industrial equipment did the USSR take?

¼

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10

Who were the Grand Alliance?

Churchill,Stalin,Roosevelt

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11

Why did they meet for the Yalta conference?

obvious that Germany were going to lose, Red Army liberated Eastern Europe

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12

disagreements in the Tehran conference?

Roosevelt saw British colonialism as a threat, location of the 2nd front

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13

Who were the London Poles?

The Polish gov that were in exile. Came from France to England in 1940

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14

what is a buffer zone?

An area giving someone a protection against a threat

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15

what is a satellite state?

A country that is independent but is under heavy influence or control from another country

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16

when did Japan bomb Pearl Harbour?

1941

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17

when was the iron curtain speech?

1946

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18

what was the ICS about?

thought the USSR was a threat, wanted the USA to keep the West protected. How communism and capitalism were 2 seperate worlds

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19

how much aid did the marshall plan give?

$13.7 billion

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20

how much aid did Britain recieve?

¼

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21

what were the two parties in Greek Civil War?

Communists, pro - royalists

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22

why did Greece have a Civil War?

Germany had control over Greece, but they lost power after WW2 defeat, so there was no one in charge

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23

Why was Britain going bankrupt?( Greek Civil War)

6 years of war meant they spent a lot of money on military equipment

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24

how much did Greece + Turkey receive in aid?

$400 million

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25

what were Stalins attitudes ( reasons for cold war )

convinced that the West wanted to destroy communism. Cutted back on individual rights, set up a buffer zone.

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26

when was the Marshall plan?

3 april 1948

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27

what were Churchill’s ideologies

Believed in a British Empire, conservative from an aristocratic family, didn’t like how the USA wanted support from the USSR

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28

what were Roosevelt’s ideologies?

believed in democracy, believed colonies should be allowed freedom. Wanted USSR support after Pearl Harbour bombing

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29

what were the effects of the long telegram?

Led to the policy of containment

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30

what were the effects of the Novikov telegram?

further encouraged Stalin to take control

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31

how many tonnes were sent in everyday by operation vittles

1,000

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32

what was flown along the air tunnels

food,essentials,coal

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33

what was the new airport created in the Berlin Crisis?

Tegel

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34

when was the Berlin Airlift

26th June 1948

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35

who were Trizonia?

USA,Britain,France

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36

what was the currency created by Trizonia?

Deutschmark

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37

what was the border between North and South Korea called?

the 38th parallel

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38

how many US soldiers died in the Korean War?

30,000

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39

how much money did the USA spend on the Korean war?

$67 billlion

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40

when was SEATO created

1954

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41

what was SEATO?

An organisation between countries to stop the spread of communism in South East Asia

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42

how much did the USSR forces increase after the Korean War?

2.8 million ( 1950 - 1955)

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43

when did Stalin die?

March 1953

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44

who was the anti communist US general in the Korean War?

Douglas MacArthur

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45

when did the Korean War start?

25th June 1950

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46

when did the Korean War end?

1953

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47

who was the leader of China in the Korean War?

Mao Zedong

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48

why was MacArthur dismissed?

didn’t agree with Truman’s plans

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49

when was Korea freed from Japanese control?

1945

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50

when was Eisenhower elected?

1952

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51

what were the ideologies from EisenHower?

wanted to destroy communism

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52

when was the Geneva summit meeting?

1955

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53

when did the USA make the atomic bomb?

1945

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54

when did the USSR make the atomic bomb?

1949

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55

when did the USA develop the HYDROGEN BOMB?

1952

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56

when did the USSR develop the HYDROGEN BOMB?

1957

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57

how powerful was the HYDROGEN BOMB?

1,000 x more powerful than the atomic bomb

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58

what does ICBM stand for?

Inter continental ballistic missile

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59

when did the USA develop the ICBM?

1957

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60

when did the USSR develop the ICBM?

tested it months after the USA

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61

What were the impacts of the Arms Race?

Acted as a deterrent for war

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62

who was the original communist leader of Hungary?

Matyas Rakosi

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63

how many Hungarians were in prison in the Sov rule?

300,000

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64

how many Hungarians were executed in the Sov rule?

2,000

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65

when were Hungary under strict sov control?

since 1945

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66

when were the Hungarian protests?

1956

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67

who was the leader of Hungary after Rakosi?

Imre Nagy

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68

what was Imre Nagy’s past history?

expelled from the communist party in 1949 after supporting the peasant farmes and not the state

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69

what were some of Nagy’s reforms?

wanted to leave the Warsaw Pact and make Hungary a neutral country

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70

what was Imre Nagy like?

He was a communist but believed that there should be personal freedoms

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71

how many people died in the soviet invasion?

20,000

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72

who was the new gov in Hungary made under after the invasion?

Janos Kadar

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73

when was the sov invasion in Hungary?

4th Nov 1956

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74

when was NATO created?

April 1949

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75

what was NATO?

A formal military alliance. If one country in NATO was attacked, then the other members would assist

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76

what was Stalin’s response to the creation of East and West Germany?

created the German Democratic republic ( Oct 1949)

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77

how was NATO created

By Ernest Bevin. He welcomed US involvement with other countries

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78

who was Ernest Bevin?

British foreign secutary

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79

when was the merge of Trizonia zones?

8th may 1949

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80

In the new country of germany who was the parliament elected? ( 14th august 1949)?

Bundestag

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81

when was the Vienna summit meeting?

June 1961

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82

when was the Geneva summit meeting?

May 1955

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83

when was the Maryland summit meeting?

Sep 1959

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84

when was the U2 incident?

1st may 1960

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85

when was the Paris summit meeting?

May 1960

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86

what did the USA claim the U2 spy plane to be?

A weather plane

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87

when was Khrushchev’s berlin ultamatium?

Nov1958

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88

why did Khrushchev make the BUlatamatium?

didn’t want people to think that Germany could be reunited. Wanted everyone to recognize East Germany as its own country

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89

what were Khrushchevs demands for the BU?

Berlin should be a free city, Berlin should be demilitarized,western troops should withdraw

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90

what’s a free city?

independent gov controlled by the USSR

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91

when was the refugee problem in Berlin?

1958

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92

what was a brain drain?

skilled workers moved to the West because they could earn a higher salary but the East needed these people to boost the economy

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93

stats for refugee problem in berlin?

3 milllion East Germans moved to west germany. Which is a 1/6 of the countries population

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94

how many EG crossed the border 1 day in august?

40,000

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95

who was the EG leader in 1961

Walter Ubricht

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96

when was the berlin wall built?

13th august 1961

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97

what was the impact on relations from the berlin wall

it proved that people preferred capitalism to communism

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98

when did JFK come into office?

Jan 1961

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99

how much did Eisenhower cut sugar imports by in July 1960

95%. banned all trade in oct 1960

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100

what was the agreement that Castro made with the USSR?

Feb 1960. The USSR would buy 1 million tonnes of sugar every year for 5 years so the USSR could build missiles in cuba

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