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Rationalization

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128 Terms

1

Rationalization

providing reasonable sounding explanations for unreasonable behaviors or failures.

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2

Dopamine

neurotransmitter that plays a role in motivation.

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3

Night Terrors

sudden awakening causing perspiration, screaming, or confusion, followed by a return to deep sleep.

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4

Survey

asking questions from a random sample of the population.

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5

Medulla

Part of the brainstem that controls basic functions such as heartbeat and breathing.

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6

Phallic

psychosexual stage that focuses on the genitals.

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7

Oral

psychosexual stage that focuses on the mouth.

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8

Genital

stage at which sexual impulses awaken and mature into romantic attraction toward others.

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9

Anal

psychosexual stage that focuses on toilet training.

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10

Tolerance

reduction of the effect of a drug due to repeated use.

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11

Withdrawal Symptoms

unpleasant effects of reducing or stopping the consumption of a drug that users used habitually.

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12

Punishment

outcome or consequence of behavior that lowers the probability of said behavior.

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13

Reinforcement

outcome or consequence of behavior that strengthens probability of said behavior.

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14

Delusions

strongly fixed belief that has no basis in reality.

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15

Id

the reservoir of the most primitive impulses, entirely unconscious.

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16

Hypothalamus

Part of the brain that controls homeostasis and hormones.

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17

Temporal Lobe

Lower part of the cerebral cortex that plays roles in hearing, understanding language, and memory.

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18

Endorphins

neuropeptides that play roles in pain reduction.

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19

Alzheimers

disease that affects memory and cognitivism.

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20

Unconscious

internal psychological processes of which we are unaware of happening.

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21

BF Skinner

behaviorist that believed human behavior is a response to the environment.

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22

Parietal

Upper middle part of the cerebral cortex behind the central sulcus, specializes in touch and perception.

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23

Displacement

directing an impulse from a socially unacceptable target onto an acceptable one.

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24

Superego

sense of morality, contains senses of right and wrong.

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25

Ego

boss of personality, principal decision maker.

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26

Placebo

substance that has no therapeutic effect.

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27

Case Study

When researchers examine one person, or a small group of people over an extended period.

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28

Addiction

compulsive substance use.

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29

Limbic System

Network of regions involved in emotion regulation, motivation, learning, and memory.

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30

Ivan Pavlov

Russian scientist who demonstrated the processes of association.

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31

Occipital

Back of the brain that controls vision.

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32

Classical Conditioning

form of learning where animals respond to previous stimuli that were paired with stimuli that elicit automatic responses.

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33

Defense Mechanisms

unconscious maneuvers intended to minimize anxiety.

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34

Insomnia

difficulty falling or staying asleep.

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35

Parkinsons

Disease caused by damage to the basal ganglia, consists of tremors, muscular rigidity, and complications performing voluntary actions.

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36

Latency

stage dealing with sexual impulses submerged in the unconsciousness.

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37

Hippocampus

Part of the brain that controls spatial memory.

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38

Hallucinations

sensory perception that occurs in the absence of an external stimulus.

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39

Motor Cortex

found in the frontal lobe, responsible for voluntary movement.

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40

Denial

refusal to acknowledge or outright distressing aspects of reality.

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41

Narcolepsy

rapid and unexpected onset of sleep.

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42

Major Depression

lingering depressed mood diminishing interest in pleasurable activities.

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43

Conversion disorder

condition in which a person experiences blindness, paralysis or other nervous system symptoms that can not be explained by illness or injury.

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44

Trait Theory

Founded by Gordon Allport, focuses on the study of personality and what shapes it.

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45

Negative Correlation

When two variables go in opposite directions of each other.

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46

Catatonic Schizophrenia

serious neurological or psychological condition in which two kinds of behaviors are typically displayed: stupor and motor rigidity or excitement.

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47

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

chronic state of worry and tension without provocation.

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48

REM Sleep

stage of sleep where the brain is most active, where dreaming occurs.

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49

Frontal lobe

Forward part of the cerebral cortex responsible for motor function, language, decision- making, and planning.

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50

Definition of Psychology

the scientific study of the mind, brain, and behavior.

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51

Found by Charles Darwin, focuses on the belief that behaviors are inherited and shaped by adaptation to one's external environment

Biological Theory

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52

Found by Jean Piaget, a school of psychology that believes that thinking is central to understanding human behavior

Cognitive Theory

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53

Found by Sigmund Freud, focuses on internal psychological processes of which we are unaware of happening

Psychodynamic Theory

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54

Founded by Carl Rogers, focuses on the belief that humans are inherently good

Humanistic Theory

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55

Founded by Gordon Allport, focuses on the study of personality and what shapes it

Trait Theory

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56

Founded by Abraham Maslow, proposes that people must satisfy physiological needs of safety and security before focusing on complex needs

Maslows Hierarchy of Needs

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57

Unconscious

internal psychological processes of which we are unaware of happening

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58

the reservoir of the most primitive impulses, entirely unconscious

Id

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59

boss of personality, principal decision maker

Ego

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60

sense of morality, contains senses of right and wrong

Superego

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61

Defense Mechanisms

unconscious maneuvers intended to minimize anxiety

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62

Repression

motivated forgetting of emotionally threatening memories or impulses

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63

Denial

refusal to acknowledge or outright deny distressing aspects of reality

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64

Rationalization

providing reasonable sounding explanations for unreasonable behaviors or failures

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65

Displacement

directing an impulse from a socially unacceptable target onto an acceptable one

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66

theory created by Sigmund Freud, describes how the personality is developed throughout childhood

Psychosexual Stages of Development

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67

Oral

psychosexual stage that focuses on the mouth

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68

Anal

psychosexual stage that focuses on toilet training

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69

Phallic

psychosexual stage that focuses on the genitals

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70

Latency

stage dealing with sexual impulses submerged in the unconsciousness

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71

Genital

stage at which sexual impulses awaken and mature into romantic attraction toward others

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72

Survey

asking questions from a random sample of the population

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73

Case Study

When researchers examine one person, or a small group of people over an extended period

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74

Correlation

numbers representing the strength of the relationship (-1.00 0 +1.00)

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75

Positive Correlation

When one variable goes up, the other variable goes in the same direction

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76

Negative Correlation

When two variables go in opposite directions of each other

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77

Experiment

testing of a hypothesis

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78

Hypothesis

educated guess

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79

Independent Variable

the cause in an experiment

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80

Dependent Variable

the outcome of an experiment

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81

Placebo

substance that has no therapeutic effect

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82

Part of the brainstem that controls basic functions such as heartbeat and breathing

Medulla

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83

found in the frontal lobe, responsible for voluntary movement

Motor Cortex

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84

Part of the brain that controls homeostasis and hormones

Hypothalamus

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85

Part of the brain that controls spatial memory

Hippocampus

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86

Network of regions involved in emotion regulation, motivation, learning, and memory

Limbic System

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87

Frontal lobe

Forward part of the cerebral cortex responsible for motor function, language, decision-making, and planning

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88

Lower part of the cerebral cortex that plays roles in hearing, understanding language, and memory

Temporal lobe

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89

Upper middle part of the cerebral cortex behind the central sulcus, specializes in touch and perception

Parietal lobe

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90

Back of the brain that controls vision

Occipital lobe

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91

Part of the nervous system that contains the brain and spinal cord that controls the mind and behavior

Central Nervous System

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92

Nerves outside the CNS that consist of the somatic nervous system which controls voluntary behavior and interacts with the external environment, and the autonomic nervous system which controls nonvoluntary behavior and interacts with our internal environment

Peripheral Nervous System

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93

part of the autonomic nervous system engaged during crises (fight or flight)

Sympathetic Nervous System

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94

part of the autonomic nervous system that controls digestion and rest

Parasympathetic Nervous System

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95

Alzheimers disease

disease that affects memory and cognitivism

New cards
96

Parkinsons disease

Disease caused by damage to the basal ganglia, consists of tremors, muscular rigidity, and complications performing voluntary actions

New cards
97

Endorphins

neuropeptides that play roles in pain reduction

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98

Dopamine

neurotransmitter that plays a role in motivation

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99

Stage 1

transition between sleep and wakefulness

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100

Stage 2

light sleep stage

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