Vocabulary 2022 part 1

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24 hr. Urine Collection

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141 Terms

1

24 hr. Urine Collection

a urine specimen in which all urine is collected for a 24 hour period and tested.

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2

Abandonment

Leaving a patient after care has been initiated and before the patient has been transferred to someone with equal or greater medical training.

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3

Abdominal Thrust

a method of attempting to remove an object from the airway of someone who is choking

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4

Ability

the power or skill to do something

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5

Abuse Registry Department of Health (DOH)

Listing of professionals who have committed abuse

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6

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

The most advanced, and fatal, stage of an HIV infection.

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7

Acute Care

care of people having rapid onset or short illness

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8

Adaptive/Assistive Devices

special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled perform ADLs

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9

ADL's

Activities of Daily living: ie, showering, eating

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10

Adult Protective Services (APS)

Government agency that oversees the welfare of the elderly

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11

Advance Directive

Written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions; also called a living will or health care directive.

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12

Agitation

a state of anxiety or nervous excitement

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13

Alternatives

A choice limited to one of two possibilities, as of things, propositions, or coursed of action.

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14

Alveoli

air sacs in the lungs

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15

Alzheimer's Disease

A progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions.

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16

AM Care

morning care

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17

Amputation

partial or complete removal of a limb

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18

Amputee

someone who has had a limb removed by amputation

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19

Anaphylaxis

Severe allergic reaction

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20

Anemia

A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin, or in total volume.

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21

Anti-microbial

capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms

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22

Anxiety

The condition of feeling uneasy or worried about what may happen

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23

Aphasia

inability to speak

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24

Apical

apex of the heart can be used for pulse

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25

Apnea

absence of breathing

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26

Artery

A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart

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27

Arthritis

inflammation of a joint

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28

Asepsis

Absence of pathogens

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29

Aspiration

Breathing fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs

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30

Aspiration Precautions

Sit up at 90 degree angle in bed or chair for meals, or follow specific positioning

Stay up 30 minutes after meal. Then 45

degree angle at all times.

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31

Asthma

A chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing.

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32

Atrophy

to waste away

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33

Autism

a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind

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34

Axillary

armpit

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35

Bacteria

(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission

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36

base of support

standing with feet 8-10 inches apart to provide better balance

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37

bed cradle

a metal or plastic frame suspended over the hospital bed to keep the weight of the linen off the resident's body

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38

bed pan

is an object used or the toileting of a bedridden patient in health care facility, usually made of a metal, glass, or plastic receptacle.

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39

Bed protector

A square of quilted absorbent fabric backed with waterproof material

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40

belief

a descriptive thought that a person holds about something

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41

belonging

being connected to others, part of a group or family or community

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42

Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH)

swelling of the gland which surrounds the base of the male bladder and urethra causing difficulty urinating, dribbling, and nocturia

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43

beside commode

chair with a toilet seat and a removable bucket underneath it

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44

Bias

prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.

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45

Biohazardous

Chemicals that are dangerous to living things

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46

bipolar disorder

A mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.

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47

Bladder

stores urine

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48

bladder retraining

a program of urinating on a schedule with increasingly longer time intervals

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49

Blindness

inability to see

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50

Blood borne pathogens

Disease-causing organisms transferred through contact with blood or other body fluids

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51

blood clot

thrombus

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52

blood pressure

the pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels

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53

blood sugar

glucose

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54

body language

nonverbal communication through gestures, facial expressions, behaviors, and posture

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55

Body mechanics

the proper use of the body to facilitate lifting and moving and prevent injury

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56

bony prominences

areas of the body where the bone lies close to the skin

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57

bowel movement (BM)

defecation

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58

bowel obstruction

a blockage in the intestine

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59

Bowel Retraining

helps to reestablish normal bowel movements in persons who suffer from constipation, diarrhea, incontinence, or irregularity.

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60

brachial artery

The major vessel in the upper extremity that supplies blood to the arm.

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61

brain

The mass of nerve tissue that is the main control center of the nervous system

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62

briefs

Adult diapers

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63

Bronchi

The passages that direct air into the lungs

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64

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

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65

Burns

injury to tissues caused by heat contact

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66

call light

allows the patient to call for help via light and/or sound

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67

cane

a stick that people can lean on to help them walk

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68

capillary

A tiny blood vessel where substances are exchanged between the blood and the body cells.

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69

Carbohydrates

the starches and sugars present in foods

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70

Cardiac

pertaining to the heart

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71

care plan

a written plan for each resident created by a nurse; outlines the steps taken by the staff to help the resident reach his or her goals

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72

Cataracts

clouding of the lens

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73

catastrophic reaction

reacting to something in an unreasonable, exaggerated way

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74

centigrade

referring to a thermometer scale of 100 degrees where water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees

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75

Central Nervous System (CNS)

brain and spinal cord

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76

cerebral palsy

A loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth

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77

Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA, Stroke)

damage to the brain caused by cerebrovascular disease, such as occlusion of a blood vessel by a thrombus or embolus (ischemic stroke) or intracranial hemorrhage after rupture of an aneurysm (hemorrhagic stroke)

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78

Certification

Documentation of having met certain standards

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79

Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA)

an individual who has completed a state approved course and has successfully completed certification testing. Provides direct care.

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80

chain of infection

factors that lead to the transmission or spread of disease

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81

Cheyne-Stokes

abnormal breathing pattern; periods of dyspnea and apnea

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82

chronic

continuing for a long time

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83

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

permanent, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema

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84

Circumcised

The fold of skin (foreskin) covering the glans of the penis was surgically removed

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85

clean catch midstream

is a method of collecting a urine sample for various tests, including urinalysis and urine culture

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86

Clergy

Church officials

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87

Cliché

a worn-out idea or overused expression

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88

client

Patient

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89

closed bed

a bed completely made with the bedspread and blankets in place

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90

Clostridium difficile (C. diff)

bacterial infection, generally associated with antibiotic use, causing severe, watery loose stools

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91

cognition

all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating

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92

cognitive impairment

loss of ability to think logically; concentration and memory are affected

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93

Collection device (hat)

used to collect urine or feces for a specimen

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94

colostomy

the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface

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95

Communicable

contagious

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96

Communication

The imparting or exchanging of information or news

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97

condom catheter

A catheter that has an attachment on the end that fits onto the penis.

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98

Confidentiality

the act of holding information in confidence, not to be released to unauthorized individuals

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99

confusion

mental state in which environmental stimuli are not processed appropriately

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100

congestive heart failure (CHF)

heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood

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