InstantCert american government

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The president's constitutional power of __________ allows him/her to reject acts of Congress.

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1

The president's constitutional power of __________ allows him/her to reject acts of Congress.

veto

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2
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3

the president is given this right as part of the system of checks and balances.

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4

Congress can override a veto with a __________ vote of each house.

2/3

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5

A filibuster can occur only in the __________.

Senate. Because of its more flexible rules, a filibuster is possible only in the Senate. A filibuster is a tactic used to delay legislation.

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6

Filibuster

A lengthy speech designed to delay or kill the vote on a bill; used only in the Senate

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7

The presiding officer of the House of Representatives is the __________.

Speaker

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8
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9

elected by the full House

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10

The __________ Committee decides the order in which House bills come up for vote.

House Rules

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11

House Rules Committee

the committee that determines how and when debate on a bill will take place

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12

Caucuses are informed groups of Senators or Representatives who __________ opinions, interests, or backgrounds.

Share

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13

Caucus

a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office

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14

Pocket Veto

president's power to kill a bill, if Congress is not in session, by not signing it for 10 days

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15

The House of Representatives consists of __________ members.

435

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16

The costs associated with social welfare programs such as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (welfare), Social Security, and Medicare are known as __________.

entitlements

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17

entitlement

social welfare program that people are "entitled to" if they meet certain eligibility requirements

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18

impeachment

power to bring charges against Pres; A formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office.

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19

Who impeaches the president?

House of Representatives

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20

Reapportionment

The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representatives every 10 years on the basis of the results of the census.

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21

Presidentialist View

mplies that the president takes an active role in policymaking

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22

Congressionalist View

President should execute Congress' laws and nothing more

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23

The fact that American public policy is largely determined by compromise between competing groups reflects the __________ theory of American politics

Pluralist

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24

pluralist view

view that competition among all affected interests shapes public policy

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25

The __________ of the legislative branch of the US government is an example of bicameralism.

division

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26

Presidents sometimes try to avoid the Congressional "advise and consent" requirement with regard to treaties and trade agreements by entering into an __________ with foreign governments.

executive agreement

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27

executive agreement

A formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval.

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28

While many presidents have generated notoriety by brokering treaties with foreign countries, the power to ratify foreign treaties lies with the __________.

Senate

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29

__________ mandates are laws passed by the federal government for the states to follow--i.e. environmental standards, but does not provide additional funding at the same time.

Unfunded

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30

In the US v. Nixon, 1974, the Supreme Court ruled against president Nixon, stating that __________ did not allow him to refuse to comply with a court order to produce material for a criminal trial.

executive privilege

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31

The War Powers Act passed in 1973, limits a president's authority to send troops to hostile areas without __________ approval.

Congressional

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32

Stewardship theory

Calls for assertive presidency that is confined only at specific points defined by law.

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33

Taftian Theory

The president is limited to those powers enumerated in the Constitution

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34

executive office

Agencies that perform staff services for the president but are not part of the White House, helps the president oversee the federal bureaucracy.

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35

Jefferson invoked the concept of __________ powers to justify the Louisiana Purchase of 1803.

inherent

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36

inherent powers

powers that can be inferred from specific powers granted by the Constitution

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37

line item veto

to veto specific portions of a bill without vetoing the entire bill. unconstitutional

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38

ways and means

House committee that handles tax bills, oversees the budget

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39

In the case of a tie vote in the Senate, the __________ is afforded the tie-breaking vote.

Vice President

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40

The Senate has the power to try all impeachments including that of the president. In such trials, however, it is the __________ that shall preside over the trial.

chief justice

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41

All bills passed in relation to __________ must originate in the House of Representatives.

revenue

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42

While the president is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, it is the domain of the __________ to declare war.

Congress

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43

ex post facto law

law that makes an act punishable as a crime even if the action was legal at the time it was committed

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44

the president has the power to appoint __________ justices.

supreme court

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45

Each of a President's cabinet members has both a loyalty to the President and to his/her own __________.

department

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46

In the Senate, the __________ leader has the power to appoint members and chairs of committees.

majority

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47

How is the senate elected?

selected by a caucus of majority party members

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48

standing committee

where proposed bills are sent for review

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49

senatorial courtesy

A President will often allow a State's senators to suggest persons for nomination.

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50

While it is made up of __________ of all major government agencies, the cabinet is not a board of directors with any collective power.

heads

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51

congressional oversight

Congress has the authority to conduct hearings, investigations, and budget reviews of the actions by the executive branch.

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52

Appropriation

money that Congress has allocated to be spent

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53

whip system

a communications vehicle in each congressional house; polls party members

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54

dissenting opinion

A statement written by a justice who disagrees with the majority opinion, presenting his or her opinion

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55

conference committee

responsible for resolving any differences between the House and Senate versions of a bill

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56

reciprocacy

congress members making agreements to support each other's bills

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57

prior restraint

government prevents materials from being published in the first place. unconstitutional

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58

gerrymandering

drawing of legislative districts so that it favors one party over another.

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59

House of Representative: years per term

2 years

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60

Senate: years per term

6 years

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61

Casework

the work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem

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62

incumbency

the fact that being in office makes it easier to get reelected

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frank

A Congressman's privilege to mail official correspondence to his/her constituents without purchasing postage

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64

how often do elections occur for the Senate and House?

every two years

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65

Trustee

a representative who votes based on based on their best judgement for his or her constituency

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66

delegate

representatives should vote in the way their constituents want, even if it conflicts with their own judgement.

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67

politico

An elected representative who acts as a trustee or as a delegate, depending on the issue

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68

party caucus

a closed meeting of the members of each party in each house

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69

A committee that is drawn from both houses of Congress for a special purpose, such as an investigation, is called a __________ committee

joint

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70

ad hoc committee

a committee created for a specific short-term purpose

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71

pork-barrel legislation

Legislation that is specifically designed to benefit a legislator's home district

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72

logrolling

An agreement by two or more lawmakers to support each other's bills

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73

With a __________ , a Senator can request to be notified before a bill is brought to the floor.

hold

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74

General Accounting Office

conducts audits of government spending

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75

The __________ veto is when Congress can disallow an act by the president or executive agency.

legislative

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76

The president and vice president must be natural-born citizens and at least __________ years old

35

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77

The __________ of the US is the presiding officer of the Senate.

vice president

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78

The Secretary of State is an officer found in all of the states. In many states he/she has important duties in connection with __________.

elections

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79

Rewards and favors given to political supporters is called __________

patronage

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80

bureaucracy

includes the federal agencies that help administer the executive branch of government.

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81

Spoils System

firing supporters of the opponent and replacing them with one's own supporters upon election.

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82

Job placement in the federal government is based on a _____ system

merit

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83

interstate commerce commission

an agency that sets the laws for all the companies that do business across state lines

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84

clientele agency

a department of government whose mission is to promote, serve, or represent a particular interest

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-ex: department of education

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independent executive agency

A federal agency that is not part of a cabinet department but reports directly to the president.

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87

-ex: CIA

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88

Federal Employees Political Activities Act

Federal employees are now allowed to run for office in nonpartisan elections

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89

Once a law is passed, the __________ is responsible for its implementation.

bureaucracy

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90

iron triangle

alliance between an agency, a congressional committee, and an interest group

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91

An issue network is a group of people, agencies, Congressional committees, etc. who __________ for a particular issue.

band together

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92

A bureaucracy can settle __________ between parties through a process called administrative adjudication.

disputes

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93

One way that the Congress uses the bureaucracy is through its investigatory __________, in which it directs an agency to study a particular problem.

powers

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94

A __________ is funding provided by the federal government to the states.

grant-in-aid

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95

Regulations govern the operation of a government __________ and have the force of law.

program

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96

The Cabinet, a presidential __________ group, has no basis in the Constitution.

advisory

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97

The Federal Reserve System sets the country's __________ policy

monetary

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98

Which President was it that signed the Americans with Disablities Act?

George HW Bush

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99

Laissez-faire.

Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.

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100

__________ of the Constitution establishes and empowers the judicial branch of the national government.

Article 3

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