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159 Terms

1

calorie

Measurement of heat, and the energy required to remove that energy

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2

are animal products more important for protein or calories

protein

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3

red meat and poultry provide what % of the world’s meat supply

89%

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4

Pork production is increasing by what % each year

1-2%

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5

can you feed poultry litter to ruminants

yes

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6

Animal proteins has higher amounts of what than plant proteins

Essential Amino Acids

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7

Along with amino acids, what does meat provide the human body

vitamin B12

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8

Developed countries consume how many lbs per person in dairy products per year

~500lbs/per person/per year

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9

Less developed countries consume how many lbs per person in dairy products each year

<30lbs/per person/per year

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10

Dairy production is increasing at what rate per year?

~2%

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11

What food type has the chance to improve world nutrition

Poultry

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12

What makes poultry different in terms of solving world nutrition

Low investment cost and produce with minimal input

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13

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy is a ____________ based disease that causes __________ to build up in neural tissue

Prion; Plaque

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14

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy is similar to what human disease?

Cruetzfeldt Jakobs Disease (CJD)

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15

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy is similar to what Cervidae (deer) Disease

Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)

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16

The US accounts for what % of the worlds cattle

7%

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17

The US accounts for what percent of the worlds chickens

9%

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18

The US accounts for what percent of the worlds horses

10%

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19

The US accounts for what percent of the worlds turkeys

35%

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20

Animal production must double by what year, due to increased population

2050

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21

Most countries with a small percentage of the population in agriculture have what two things?

Higher standards of living, Higher per capita consumption of at products

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22

Ethology is the study of what

Animal behavior

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23

Animal health is the study of

Diseases, environmental factors, and parasites

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24

Meat science is the study of

Handling, processing, marketing, and production of meat product

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25

Dairy science is the study of

Milk and milk products

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26

Biotechnology is the study of

Technical applications of biology

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27

Physiology is the study of

The mechanics of life

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28

Genetics is the study of

Hereditary and inherited characteristics

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29

Biometry is the study of

A statistical application of genetics

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30

Nutrition is the study of what

How organisms take in and use food for needs

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31

How many people are influenced by agriculture

Everyone

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32

Horses are a special monogastric animal, what part fo their digestive track is altered for their diet

A larger secum

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33

What are horses referred as when considering gastronomy

“Hind Gut Fermentation”

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34

can tame animals be domesticated or undomesticated

yes

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35

Tame animals are ___________ of human interaction

Tolerant

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36

Our ancestors domesticated animals for what reason

Convenience

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37

What ratio of the worlds agricultural land is permanent pasture

~2/3

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38

What percentage of the worlds permanent pasture agriculture land is unfit for crops intended to beg for human consumption

60%

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39

What are the 3 major draft species

Oxen, Donkeys, and Horses

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40

What types of clothing come from butchered animals

Leathers, skins, furs, feathers

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41

What types of clothing come from live animals

Wool, cashmere, alpaca, silk

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42

Ruminant Agriculture takes space away from human crop production, true or false

false

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43

Human lifespans have increased by how much due to animal science

30 years

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44

Mississippi is the #1 producer of what product

Catfish

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45

All US exports show a deficit in profit, Agriculture products show a positive balance, true or false

true

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46

What country does the US export most of its Ag products to

China

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47

_______________ drive the market

Consumers

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48

The beef industry takes about how many years to adapt to market demands

~2-3 years

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49

The poultry industry takes about how long to adapt to market demands

~3-6 months

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50

What country houses the most amount of dairy cattle

India

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51

What country is the most efficient dairy producer

USA

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52

What 3 countries produce the most dairy products

EU, India, and USA

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53

What 3 countries consume the most dairy products

New Zealand, EU, and Switzerland

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54

Milk is most often transported in fluid form, true or false

false

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55

Which US state produces the most amount of dairy products

New Mexico

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56

Which US state has the most dairy cattle

California

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57

Have farms with less than 100 cows decreased since 1977

yes

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58

What is the average amount of milk produced by dairy farms each day

4100lbs

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59

Why is the number of swine farms so low

Vertical integration

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60

Why is swine production in the us mainly located in the corn belt

Readily available feed

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61

Which US state produces 25% of the US swine industry

Iowa

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62

Goats graze on what two types of plants

Shrubs & some broad leaves

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63

Cattle graze on what two types of plants

Tall grasses & some broad leaves

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64

Sheep graze on what two types of plants

Short grasses & some broad leaves

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65

Many broad leaved plants are what?

Weeds

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66

Which country possesses the highest number of head of sheep

China

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67

Which country consumes the most sheep and goat products

Mongolia

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68

The US exports very little lamb & mutton, True or False

true

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69

What is the current number of head of sheep in the US

5 million

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70

Which countries export large numbers of lamb products to the US

Australia, New Zealand

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71

Which state has the most Ewes

Texas

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72

What percentage of sheep are born in the west

23%

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73

What percentage of sheep born in the north central region are lost before seeing the market

13%

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74

What are the major causes of lost sheep in the US

Coyotes, Weather

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75

Feeder lambs are ready for market in how many days

90-120

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76

Feeder lambs are usually what weight by the time they hit the market

120-130

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77

What was the most recently domesticated animal

Horses

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78

The horse was domesticated before the donkey in ancient Egypt, True or False

false

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79

Donkey and zebras share the same genus name as horses, what is that name?

Equus

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80

The offspring of horses mated with donkeys and zebras can produce their own offspring, True or False

false

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81

What event caused the US horse population to rapidly decline

World War 1

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82

Its estimated that there are how many horses currently in the US

9.2 million

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83

Behavior

Actions performed in response to stimuli

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84

What are the five freedoms of animal welfare

Freedom to/of/from; thirst, discomfort, pain injury and disease, express normal behavior, fear and distress

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85

What is animal rights?

Philosophical view that animals have rights similar or the same as humans

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86

What is animal welfare?

Advocacy for humane treatment of animals

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87

Is peta an animal rights group, or an animal welfare group

Animal rights

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88

Is the following an example of animal rights or animal welfare: animals should not be consumed

Animal rights

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89

Is the following an example of animal rights or animal welfare: animals should have the same rights as humans

Animal rights

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90

Is the following an example of animal rights or animal welfare: animals should get safe and effective treatment to keep them healthy

Animal welfare

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91

Is the following an example of animal rights or animal welfare: animals can be pets

Animal welfare

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92

Is the following an example of animal rights or animal welfare: animals are just as beneficial and important to humans as humans are to animals

Animal welfare

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93

The Animal Liberation Front began in what country in the 70's

Great Britain

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94

Is the AVMA an animal rights group, or an animal welfare group

Animal Welfare

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95

The nervous system is involved with physical and chemical reactions to stimuli, true or false

true

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96

The endocrine system is involved with hormonal reactions to stimuli, true or false

true

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97

What is stimulus?

Anything that elicits a response

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98

__________ nerves receive signals

afferent

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99

___________ nerves send signals

efferent

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100

How quickly does the the nervous system react

Milliseconds

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