Ap Euro Unit 1B VOCAB

studied byStudied by 4 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

evangelized

1 / 39

Tags and Description

40 Terms

1

evangelized

the act of preaching a religious belief in hopes of winning converts.

New cards
2

lucrative

something that is profitable or valuable

New cards
3

New monarchs

Historical term for those rulers who came to power in the 1500’s and were able to establish stronger control over their nations than medieval kinds ever could.

New cards
4

Caravel

Revolutionary Portuguese designed sailing ship capable of handling the dangers of ocean voyages. The vessels utilized three triangular sails, a rudder, and a rounded hull.

New cards
5

backstaff, astrolabe, sextant

Each are tools used by navigators to track speed and location using the sun, moon, stars, and the horizon.

New cards
6

portolani

Term for ancient, medieval maps used by early explorers in the 1300’s and 1400’s. They were highly inaccurate.

New cards
7

Cape of Good Hope

The strategic passage of water at the bottom of the African continent, marked by stormy seas caused by the meeting of the Atlantic and Indian oceans.

New cards
8

encomienda

These were large land grants from the Spanish king to Spanish soldiers serving in the New World. They were given the right to demand labor from Native Americans living there.

New cards
9

Middle Passage

Term for the horrific journey of the captive African slaves across the Atlantic to the slave markets of the New world. Millions did not survive the voyage.

New cards
10

Price Revolution

Term for an economic upheaval that struck Spain and then all of Europe in the 1500’s and 1600’s. It was marked by inflation that drove up prices.

New cards
11

Malacca

An old name for the islands of Indonesia coveted for their species and strategic location.

New cards
12

Treaty of Tordesillas

1949 Agreement negotiated by Pope Alexander VI that split the unknown world between Spain and Portugal

New cards
13

circumnavigate

The act of sailing around the world

New cards
14

conquistadors

Spanish term for the soldiers who brutally conquered the New World native population in the 1500’s.

New cards
15

Smallpox

A viral infection that caused high fever and an outbreak of painful blisters all over the body. Over 90% of the infected died.

New cards
16

Mestizos

A mixed race of people of EUROPEAN and NATIVE AMERICAN blood

New cards
17

Mulattos

A mixed race people of EUROPEAN AND AFRICAN blood

New cards
18

rationalize

to attempt to explain or justify an action or belief that other might find defensive.

New cards
19

relativism

The belief that knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context and are not absolute

New cards
20

Demographic

the study of people and population

New cards
21

Columbian Exchange

term for the back-and-forth, give-and-take relationship between Europe and the New World. It was marked by the movement of people, crops, and goods between both hemispheres.

New cards
22

bullion

Precious metals (gold and silver) in bulk form, valued by weight

New cards
23

inflation

a general increase in prices and a decline in the purchasing power of the money.

New cards
24

barter

the economic system where goods are traded for other goods without the use of currency.

New cards
25

Global Economy

Term for the beginnings of the intertwined worldwide economy that linked that four corners of the world through the exchange of goods.

New cards
26

Triangle Trade

Term for the economic relationship between Europe, Africa, and the New World.

New cards
27

coffee houses

Businesses that emerged in European cities selling coffee, sugar, and tobacco products imported from the New World. they are good examples of the global economy.

New cards
28

commercial

a synonym for business

New cards
29

commercial capitalism

An early form of trade that focused on the movement of goods from a place where there was a low value - to a place where these same goods could be sold for more. It is a forerunner of free-trade.

New cards
30

joint-stock corporations

A business model that was based on shared risk and shared reward. Shares (portion of ownership) were sold to investors who owned a share in the entire business.

New cards
31

British East Indies Company

First chartered by Queen Elizabeth I in 1600, the company came to dominate trade in South Asia (India, Sri Lanka, and Singapore) and Qing China. At its peak, it accounted for 50% of all world trade.

New cards
32

Dutch East Indies Company

First chartered in 1602, this company is considered the world’s first multi-national conglomerate. It built ships, and transported goods such as Java coffee, Taiwanese sugar, Indian tea and cotton, and South African wines.

New cards
33

Fuggers

a powerful and wealthy family that dominated the banking industry in Northern Europe, especially Germany.

New cards
34

Bourgeoisie

Term referring to the urban, educated middle and upper classes

New cards
35

mercantilism

The dominant economy policy of the 1500’s — 1750’s, it was based on the formation of self-sufficient national economies. This was achieved by limiting imports through high tariffs, the development of national industries, and the acquisition of colonies. It emphasized amassing of bullion.

New cards
36

import

a good that is brought into a country from a foreign source

New cards
37

tariff

a tax placed on imported goods to keep out foreign competition

New cards
38

domestic

Of, or pertaining to one’s own country

New cards
39

free-trade

A system of economics that rejected the theory of mercantilism. The idea is to put as few barriers to trade as possible. The system rejects all tariffs.

New cards
40

Hanseatic League

German merchant guild that formed during the middle ages to protect their mutual trading interests.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 103 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)
note Note
studied byStudied by 244 people
Updated ... ago
4.2 Stars(11)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 59945 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(248)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard254 terms
studied byStudied by 44 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard167 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard113 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard188 terms
studied byStudied by 30 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)