female reproductive diseases/disorders (copy)

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what is oligomenorrhea

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1

what is oligomenorrhea

too few periods

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2

what is polymenorrhea

too many periods

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3

what is amenorrhea

no periods

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4

what is post-menopausal bleeding a sign of

cancer

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5

what are the signs and symptoms of endometriosis

endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus causing painful mensuration that worsens over time, pain during sex, and constipation

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6

what diagnostic procedure is used to confirm endometriosis

laproscopy

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7

what is the treatment for endometriosis

birth control to skip period, surgery to remove tissue

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8

what is a possible cause of endometriosis

retrograde menstruation where the period back flows into the the fallopian tubes instead of leaving the body

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9

what are possible complications of endometriosis and PCOS

infertility

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10

what are the S/S of PCOS

many fluid filled cysts in the ovaries, hirstruism (excess hair), male pattern hair loss, and acanthosis nigricans (velvety hyper-pigmentation of the skin)

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11

what are the diagnosis criteria for PCOS

(must meet 2/3)

oligomenorrhea/anovulation, ultrasound evidence of polycystic ovaries, and hyperandrogenism

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12

what is a possible cause of PCOS

obesity

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13

what are the S/S of PMS

breast swelling, bloating, acne, food cravings, fatigue

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14

what is a possible cause of PMS

fluctuating hormones

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15

what is PMDD

similar to PMS but more severe, lasts longer, and interferes with daily living

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16

what is the treatment for PMDD

SSRIs

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17

what is a possible cause for PMDD

serotonin imbalance

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18

what type of agent is trichomoniasis

protozoa

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19

what are the S/S of trichomoniasis

fishy smell, genital itching and burning

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20

what is the diagnostic for trichomoniasis

motile organisms with flagella

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21

what is the treatment for trichomoniasis

mentronidazole

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22

pt education for patients taking metronidazole

avoid alcohol

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23

what type of agent is chlamydia and gonorrhea

bacteria

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24

what are the S/S of chlamydia and gonorrhea

mostly asymptomatic

vaginal bleeding, yellow discharge, painful urination

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25

what is the diagnosis for chlamydia and gonorrhea

cultures

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26

what is the treatment for chlamydia and gonorrhea

antibiotics (gonorrhea is becoming increasingly resistant)

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27

what are possible complications of chlamydia and gonorrhea if left untreated

PID

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28

pt education for people diagnosed with chlamydia and gonorrhea

partners should also be treated

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29

what are the S/S of HSV

swollen red sores, swollen lymph nodes, fever

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30

what are the diagnostics of HSV

culture and presence of antibodies in serum

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31

what is the treatment for acute outbreaks and suppression of HSV

anti-virals

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32

what is type 1 HSV

oral

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33

what is type 2 HSV

genital

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34

what are the birthing considerations for a pregnant women with an active HSV outbreak

must deliver via c-section

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35

what type of agent is syphillis

spirochete (can burrow)

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36

what are the S/S of primary syphillis

painless chancre

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37

what are the S/S of secondary syphilis

rash on the soles of feet and palms of hands, flat warts, flu-like symptoms

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38

what are the S/S of latent syphillis

asymptomatic but infection is still present

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39

what are the S/S of newborn syphilis

blindness, deafness, neuro issues

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40

what are the diagnostics for syphilis

VDRL or RPR test

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41

what is the treatment for syphilis

penicillin

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42

what are the complications of untreated syphilis

brain damage or death

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43

what are the S/S of HPV

genital warts

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44

what is the treatment for HPV

TCA, surgical removal

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45

what are the complications of untreated HPV

cervical and throat cancer

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46

is their a vaccine available for HPV

yes

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47

what are the S/S of HIV soon after exposure

flu-like symptoms

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48

what are the S/S of HIV

can be asymptomatic for up to 10 years until opportunistic infections start to appear

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49

what is the treatment for HIV

anti-retroviral therapy

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50

birthing considerations for a patient with HIV

should deliver via c-section

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51

pt education for those at high risk for HIV

PrEP and safe sex practices

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52

what are the S/S of hepatitis

liver damage, jaundice, dark urine, flu-like symptoms

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53

how are hepatitis B and C transmitted

blood borne

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54

what are the diagnostics for hepatitis

serum antibody testing

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55

what is the treatment for hepatitis

no treatment, symptoms usually resolve on their own

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56

what are the possible complications of hepatitis

liver failure, death

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57

what type of hepatitis is their a vaccine for

B

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58

how is zika transmitted

semen or aedes mosquito

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59

what are the possible complications of zika

microcephaly in infants, guillain-barre syndrome

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60

what are the S/S of PID

vaginal discharge, pain, fever

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61

what are diagnostics used for PID

untreated gonorrhea or chlamydia infection, CRP, sed rate

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62

what is a possible complication of PID

infertility

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63

what are the S/S of bacterial vaginosis

odor, thin, white, fishy smelling discharge

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64

what are the diagnostics for bacterial vaginosis

change in pH, wet mount microscope

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65

what is the treatment for bacterial vaginosis

flagyl (metronidazole)

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66

what are the possible causes of bacterial vaginosis

overgrowth of bacteria

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67

what are possible complications of bacterial vaginosis

premature birth, PID

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68

what agent causes candidiasis (yeast infections)

fungus

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69

what are the S/S of candidiasis (yeast infections)

redness, itching, swelling, dysuria, dyspareunia

thick, white, curdy discharge

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70

what are the diagnostics used for candidiasis (yeast infections)

visualization fo yeast

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71

what is the treatment for candidiasis (yeast infections)

cream or suppository anti-fungals, eat yogurt and other foods containing probiotics

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72

what is the cause of candidiasis (yeast infections)

overgrowth of fungus

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73

what are the S/S of a UTI

frequent, painful urination, blood in urine

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74

what are the diagnostics for UTIs

clean catch UA, dipstick, urine culture

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75

what is the treatment for UTIs

antibiotics

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76

what is the cause of UTIs

bacteria (usually e. coli)

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77

what are potential complications for UTIs

kidneys, sepsis, preterm labor

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78

what are the S/S of toxic shock syndrome

fever, N/V, dizziness, muscle aches, rash

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79

what are the diagnostics for toxic shock syndrome

serum test for staph or strep, cervical swabs

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80

what is the treatment for toxic shock syndrome

antibiotics, fluids, debridement, dialysis if kidneys become affected

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81

what is the cause of toxic shock syndrome

toxin from staph or strep

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82

what are the potential complications of toxic shock syndrome

shock, renal failure, death

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83

what are the S/S of fibrocystic breast changes

pain comes and goes with period, swelling, thick/lumpy breast, round and moveable lump that is tender, becomes larger before period and shrinks after

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84

are fibrocystic breast changes cyclical

yes, hormone related

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85

what are the S/S of a fibroadenoma

single lumps that are smooth, well defines, easily moveable under the skin, firm, rubbery, and painless

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86

what is the diagnostic for a fibroadenoma

biopsy

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87

what is the treatment for fibroadenomas

remove if too bothersome

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88

are fibroadenomas cyclical

no

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89

what is primary infertility

unprotected sex for a year without contraception and no previous pregnancies

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90

what is secondary infertility

unprotected sex for a year without contraception with a previous successful pregnancy

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91

what factors lead to infertility in women

age, infection, ovulatory issues, hormone imbalances, pelvic disease or blocked tubes, can be unexplained

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92

at what age does a women have a greater risk fo an unsuccessful pregnancy

35

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93

what factors are related to male infertility

environmental (temp, chemo, alcohol), infections (prostatitis, mumps), endocrine/autoimmune issues, trauma or surgery

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94

what does hystero- mean

uterus

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95

what does salpingo- mean

fallopian tubes

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96

what does -graphy or -gram mean

visulaization

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97

what does -scopy mean

removal or treatment

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98

what meds can be given to induce ovulation

clomid, metformin

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99

what is intrauterine insemination (IUI)

semen/sperm are introduced into the uterus during ovulation

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100

what is in-vitro fertilization

fertilization occurs outside of the uterus in a lab

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