Distinctive Theology Test 1

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140 Terms

1

biblical theology

biblical studies+theology studies

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2

Merriam Webster's definition of Theology

the study of religious faith, practice, and experience Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary

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3

Fisher Humphreys definition of theology

Thinking about God.

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4

Theology incorporates _______

philosophy

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5

Exegetical Theology

study of the text related subjects aiding its restoration, interpretation an illustration

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6

Historical Theology

traces the history of God's people in the Bible and of the church since the time of Christ

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7

Systemic Theology

arranges the findings of exegetical and historical theology in logical order under the headings of theological study

(organizing or combining exegetical and historical and making sense of them

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8

Practical Theology

applying theology in the regeneration, sanctification, education, and service of people

- an emphasis on application-- for the sanctification of the people of God

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9

Old Testament primarily written in ________ small portions are in ______

Hebrew; Aramaic

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10

______ is the first official translation of the Old Testament from Hebrew to Greek

LXX (The Septuagint)

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11

paraphrase

preserve meaning, and the objective is clarity

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12

The New Testament is written in _______

Koine Greek and some Aramaic

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13

Koinonia

fellowship

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14

Greek translated to Latin is the _________ in ______ Century AD

Latin Vulgate; 4th

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15

When was the Geneva Bible published?

1560

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16

Translation

Preserves wording, objective and precision; ALWAYS involves a change of Language

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17

Dead Sea Scrolls

oldest copies of the Old Testament Books no chapters and no verses

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18

Archbishop Stephen Langston

Who is responsible for Chapter Divisions in Old and New Testament?

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19

Masoretes

Who is responsible for verse divisions in the OLD TESTAMENT

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20

Stephanus

Who is responsible for verse divisions in the New Testament

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21

Higher Criticisms

focus is on meaning and method of composition can be compared to a telescope

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22

Lower Criticism

textual criticism; spelling wording (syntax) can be compared to looking through a microscope

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23

original reading

Lower Criticism- the purpose is to recover and reconstruct the ________ ___________

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24

autograph

the original/the self writing

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25

Oldest Copy of OT: Dead Sea Scrolls found in

100 BC

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26

Masoretic Text; 900 AD

Prior to the DSS the ________ was the oldest Copy of OT literature

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27

The Reading that is to be preferred is

shorter, harder, explains other variations, best fits with context, comes from the best manuscript

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28

Canon

list, standard, measure, *reed

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29

authoritative

The canon is a collection of sacred writings that are regarded as __________

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30

Tanakh

Jewish Bible; our Old Testament

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31

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Dueteronomy

Torah (law)

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32

Nevi'im

"Prophets"; the second section of the Hebrew scriptures, made up of historical and prophetic books

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Joshua, Judges, 1-2 Samuel and 1-2 Kings

Former Prophets

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34

Major Minor and Ketuvim

The latter prophets consist of

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35

Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekial

What are the Major Prophets

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Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephania, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

What are the minor prophets?

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37

Ketuvim

writings; 13 Books

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38

Torah, Nevi'im, Ketuvim

the three parts of the Tanakh

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39

Genesis-Esther

Past (history) of the Old Testament

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40

Job- Psalm

Present (daily living) Old Testament

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41

Isaiah- Malachi

Future of Old Testament

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42

1st is Jesus' life and ministry (gospels)

2nd Jesus' followers (acts)

3rd letters of Paul

Churches

Letters to individuals

Hebrews

General Letters or Catholic Letters

James, Peter, John, Jude

Revelation

New Testament Divisions:

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43

disputed books

Hebrews

James, 2 and 3 John, Jude, 2 Peter

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44

external criteria

Hebrews is disputed because of __________ _________

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45

internal criteria

James, 2 and 3 John, Jude, Peter are disputed among scholars due to _________ _______________

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46

Hermeneutical Gap

the distance between the "then and there" of the original text and the "here and now" of our own life setting.

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47

hermeneutics

interpretation; the art and science of interpretation

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48

exegesis

to lead out of; good bible study(context, history)

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exegesis & application

two steps of interpretation

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50

Eisegesis

to lead into... placing your own ideas and beliefs into the text

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51

criticisms can be

critical

analytical

evaluative

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52

oral tradition

Before the text was ever written down it was passed orally a oral critic will study what was it before it was ever written down

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Form criticism

concerned with the study of literary form in the Bible compares like with like, determines the characteristic features of a particular type of literature, suggests reasons for these features

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54

Sitz im leben

setting in light

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55

Redaction Criticism

determines how the editor (redactor) of a biblical book utilized his sources, what he omitted and what he added and what his particular bias was

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Source Criticism

attempts to discover and define the written material that the different biblical writers used

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57

Synoptic Problem

The problem of explaining the similarities and differences between the three Synoptic Gospels.

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58

German, Mosaic, source-documentary

___________________ redaction critics reject ___________________ authorship and propose the ______________ ____________ hypothesis described as multiple hands with multiple sources over multiple centuries

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textual critic

looks at tiny details: spelling, wording, etc

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higher criticism

looks at meaning and method

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61

doublets

two differing accounts of the same event

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62

Two-Source Theory

Matthew = Mark + Quelle ("source")

Luke = Mark + Q

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Four Source Theory

Matthew = Mark + Q + M(unique to Matthew)

Luke = Mark + Q + L(unique to Luke)

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64

JEDP Theory

Germans proposed a hypothesis called _______________ and their are 5 steps and four sources in this theory

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Weaknesses of the JEDP theory

It is a hypothesis, therefore, it assumes a lot of things and the methodology is not precise

There are a lot of source theorists studying and reacting to this theory and they are all coming up with different conclusions.

JEDP violates the unity of the text

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66

judah/yahweh source

the J source of JEDP

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elohim/ephraim source

the E source of JEDP

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deuteronomy source

the D source of JEDP

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priestly source

the P source of JEDP

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70

isaiah 1-39

proto isaiah

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71

isaiah 40-66 or 40-55

deutero isaiah

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72

isaiah 56-66

trito isaiah

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73

exilic

adjective form of "exile"; begins with the fall of Jerusalem & ends with edict of cyrus

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pre-exilic

Before the exile

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post exilic

after the edict of cyrus

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pre-easter

before the resurrection of Jesus; the historical Jesus

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77

post-easter

after the resurrection of Jesus; the christ of faith

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theology

the doctrine of God

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christology

the doctrine of Christ

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80

pnuematology

the doctrine of the Holy Spirit

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81

Ecclesiology

study of the church

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82

anthropology

doctrine of man

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83

soteriology

doctrine of salvation

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84

eschatology

doctrine of last things: heaven, hell, end times, the second coming

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85

metaphysics

answers "what is reality?"

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86

ontology

the study of being

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87

Hegel

believes reality is ideas

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Descartes

believes the gist of reality is human reason

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89

epistemology

answers "what is knowledge? what is truth?"

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empiricism

experience

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91

Postivism; Subjectivism

___________ a natural phenomenon where as ____________ is beyond the physical

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92

faith seeking understanding

Neither biblical theology nor Systematic Theology is an end in itself.. BOTH move in the direction of faith seeking understanding and the goals are not differing in principle but distinct in the area of concentration, division of labor

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93

Biblical Theology

belief grounded in the Bible

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Descriptive

What the text meant

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95

normative

what the text means

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96

What is an example of Systematic Theology

Apostles' Creed

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Orthodoxy

right belief and doctrine that are categorically ordered

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98

Dogmatics

What did systematic theology used to be called?

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99

Characteristics of Dogmatics

Reliance on philosophical studies and apologetics (a defense of the faith) used to articulate what is correct belief

Use of non biblical terminology

Relating the study of the Bible to the subject matter of the Christian life in the modern world

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100

What is the definition dilemma of Biblical Theology?

Theology contained in the Bible (descriptive or historical) theology of biblical authors (more in line with Biblical Theology)

or Theology that accords with the Bible (normative, theological) theology compatible with the Bible (more in line with systematic theology)

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