meiosis quiz

studied byStudied by 9 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

purpose of mitosis

1 / 19

Tags and Description

richter 2023 vocab quiz

20 Terms

1

purpose of mitosis

tissue repair and growth

New cards
2

results of mitosis

two identical diploid (2n) cells

New cards
3

purpose of meiosis

production of haploid cells (gamete)

New cards
4

results of meiosis

gametes

New cards
5

tetrad

pairing of homologous chromosomes

New cards
6

synapsis

alignment of genes in a tetrad

New cards
7

crossing-over

genetic exchange between homologous chromosomes

New cards
8

independent assortment of chromosomes

random way in which homologous chromosomes (tetrads) line up on the metaphase plate (INCREASES VARIATION)

New cards
9

importance of crossing-over to sexual reproduction

increases variation

New cards
10

gametogenesis

creation of gametes

New cards
11

results of spermatogenesis

creation of sperm

New cards
12

results of oogenesis

an egg

New cards
13

cleavage furrow

structure that forms in animal cells during cytokinesis (how animal cells divide)

New cards
14

cell plate

new cell wall that forms between new nuclei in plant cells (how plant cells divide)

New cards
15

differences between plant and animal mitosis

  1. Animals

    1. Cleavage furrow

    2. Centrioles

    3. Aster - microtubules extend towards the cell periphery

  2. Plants

    1. Cell plate

New cards
16

somatic cell

body cell

New cards
17

germline cell

produce gametes

New cards
18

karyotype

picture of an individual chromosome

New cards
19

nondisjunction

chromosomes fail to separate

New cards
20

cause of Down Syndrome

trisomy

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 26 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 149 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 626 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(9)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard51 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard38 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard22 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard29 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)