Semester one Anatomy Study Guide

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Oncology

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126 Terms

1

Oncology

Study of cancers

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2

Immunology

Study of the body resistance to infectious diseases

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3

Cytology

Study of cells

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4

Cardiology

study of heart diseases

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5

Phlebotomy

study of the practice of drawing blood

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6

Dermatology

Study of the skin and its diseases

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7

Pediatrics

Study of children and their diseases

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8

Urology

Study of the urinary tract

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9

Define anatomy

The study of structures and shapes of structure, their relationships to one another

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10

Main function of the digestive system

Breaks down ingested food

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11

Main function of the Nervous system

Response to internal and external stimuli

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12

Main function of the Endocrine system

Hormones of growth, reproduction, metabolism

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13

Main function of the Muscular system

produce movement, posture, stabilize joints, generate heat

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14

Define homeostasis

Body ability to maintain constant internal conditions

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15

Describe the anatomical position

Standard position, body erect, feet parallel, palms outwards

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16

Superior

Towards head

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17

Inferior

away from head

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18

Superficial

At the body surface

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19

deep

away from body surface

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20

Proximal

close to attachment

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21

distal

farther from attachment

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22

lateral

away from mid-line

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23

medial

close to mid-line

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24

What cells would you expect to see in gap junctions

in heart, adjacent cells

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25

what is the purpose of the proteins in the cell membrane

help things move through membrane

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26

what organelle packages and delivers proteins

golgi body

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27

which organelle destroys worn out cell parts

lysosomes

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28

what is the main function of the endoplamic reticulum

network channels for transport within cytoplasm

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29

what part of the cell controls what leaves and enters the cell

cell membrane

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30

which organanelle releases energy from food molecules

mitocondria

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31

what is the main function of peroxissomes? which cells are they abundant in

detoxify cells, liver

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32

list the order of events in a cells life cycle

interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telaphase, cytokinesis

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33

what is the difference between active and passive transport

active needs transport, passive doesnt

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34

define tissue

similar cells with common purpose

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35

what are the four major tissue types

epithelial, connective, muscular, neural

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36

which type of tissue is the most abundant tissue in the body

connective, because of weight

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37

T or F. epithelial tissue covers all free body surfaces and lines the hollow cavities of organs

true

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38

T or F. epithelial tissue has a good supply of blood vessels

False

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39

T or F. epithelial tissue is made up of cells that do not reproduce readily

false

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40

how are epithelial tissues classified

by shape of the cells and number of layers

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41

what type of epithelial tissue can be found in areas subject to stretching

simple

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42

what is the difference between simple and stratified epithelial tissues

simple is one layer, stratified is many layers

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43

what are the five main types of connective tissue

blood, cartilage, dense, loose, bone

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44

____ is the liquid matrix in blood tissue

plasma

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45

T or F. Connective tissue is well supplied with blood vessels

True

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46

T or F. connective tissue functions to support, protect and bind together body tissues

True

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47

What is the function of a tendon and a ligament

Tendon is bone to muscle, ligament is bone to bone

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48

What type of connective tissue forms the subcutaneous layer beneath the skin

Adipose

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49

What are some of the vital functions of the skin?

body temp regulation, protection, vitamin d, sensation, excretion

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50

What does the hypodermis consist of?

adipose tissue

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51

What part of the skin is associated with arrector pili muscles?

Hair follicles

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52

What is the infection of the sebaceous glands?

acne

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53

What is the cancer of pigment cells called?

malignant melanoma

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54

What is the fungus infection between toes

athletes foot

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55

what are fluid filled blisters caused by herpes simplex virus

cold sores

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56

what are bedsores

decubitus ulcers

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57

sweat glands that are found in the axillary and genitals areas is called what?

apocrine

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58

list in order to outermost to innermost, the layers in the epidermis

corneum, lucidum granulosum, spinosum, basale

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59

what layer of the skin has pigment melanin

stratium basale

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60

why is the pigment melanin in the skin important

protection from uv rays

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61

what layer of the skin contains sweat and oil glands

dermis

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62

what layer of the skin contains adipose cells

hypodermis

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63

what are finger=like projections of the dermis into the epidermis that produce the pattern for fingerprints called? Where is this layer located

dermal papillac, dermis

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64

What is the importance of sebaceous glands?

keeps skin and hair soft and flexable. kills bacteria

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65

What is a sebaceous gland

oil

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66

what is a sudoriferous gland

sweat

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67

What is a first degree burn

red, swollen, only epidermis damaged

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68

What are some of the vital functions of the skin?

body temp regulation, protection, vitamin d, sensation, excretion

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69

What does the hypodermis consist of?

adipose tissue

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70

What part of the skin is associated with arrector pili muscles?

Hair follicles

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71

What is the infection of the sebaceous glands?

acne

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72

What is the cancer of pigment cells called?

malignant melanoma

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73

What is the fungus infection between toes

athletes foot

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74

what are fluid filled blisters caused by herpes simplex virus

cold sores

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75

what are bedsores

decubitus ulcers

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76

sweat glands that are found in the axillary and genitals areas is called what?

apocrine

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77

list in order to outermost to innermost, the layers in the epidermis

corneum, lucidum granulosum, spinosum, basale

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78

what layer of the skin has pigment melanin

stratium basale

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79

why is the pigment melanin in the skin important

protection from uv rays

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80

what layer of the skin contains sweat and oil glands

dermis

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81

what layer of the skin contains adipose cells

hypodermis

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82

what are finger=like projections of the dermis into the epidermis that produce the pattern for fingerprints called? Where is this layer located

dermal papillac, dermis

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83

What is the importance of sebaceous glands?

keeps skin and hair soft and flexable. kills bacteria

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84

What is a sebaceous gland

oil

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85

what is a sudoriferous gland

sweat

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86

What is a first degree burn

red, swollen, only epidermis damaged

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87

what is a second degree burn

blisters, injures epidermis

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88

what is thrid degree burns

destroys entire skin

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89

what are 3 functions of the skeletal system

support, movement, storage

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90

a long bone consists of the __ and the __. bone growth occurs between these two areas in something called the ___

diapithesis, epithesis, plate

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91

what type of bones are vertebrae

irregular

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92

what type of bones, according to shape, are the arm and leg bones

long

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93

what type of bones, according to shape are the skull bones

flat

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94

red bone morrow produces

blood cells

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95

yellow bone marrow stores

fat

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96

what is the importance of the epiptheseal plate in bone

growth site

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97

Describe a compact bone

Dense, smooth and homogeneous

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98

Describe spongy bone

Needle like bone pieces within open space

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99

Which type of bone fracture is most common in the elderly, and what is the break

comminuted, broken in many small pieces

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100

describe a green stick break

bent not fully broken

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