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109 Terms

1

Tachy-

Fast

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2

Brady-

Slow

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3

Objective-

Whatever you can prove

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4

Subjective-

What the patient tells you

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5

Bilateral-

Both sides

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6

Ipsilateral-

Same side

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7

Unilateral-

One side

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8

Apnea-

To stop breathing

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9

Pnea-

Something having to do with breathing

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10

Dyspnea-

Having difficulty to breathe

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11

Dys-

Usually it means difficult

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12

Eupnea-

Normal Breathing

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13

Tachypnea--

Fast Breathing

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14

Bradypnea-

Slow Breathing

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15

PRN-

Always needed

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16

Diaphoretic-

Sweaty/Extremely Sweaty

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17

Holistic-

Taking care of the whole patient

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18

Cardia-

Related to heart

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19

Tachycardia-

Fast heart beating

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20

Bradycardia-

Slow heart beating

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21

Hospice-

Expecting this person to die in the next six months or less/ The person may choose to do hospice care at hospital or at home/ Can be any age

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22

Chronic-

Experiencing pain all of the time

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23

Acute-

Pain that is short lived/opposite of chronic/don't know why it happened

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24

C-

With

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25

ADL-

(Activities of Daily Living) Activities that are necessary for daily care of oneself. It includes using the toilet, grooming, dressing, and feeding oneself.

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26

Ambulate-

Walk

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27

CNA-

Certified nursing assistant

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28

PCT-

Patient Care Technician

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29

EKG-

Sticky things put on chest

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30

MA-

Medical Assistant

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31

RX-

Prescriptions

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32

LPN-

Licensed Practical Nurse

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33

RN-

Registered Nurse

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34

DON-

Director of Nursing

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35

Trendelenburg position-

This position looks like the patient is almost turned completely upside down, the head is a lot lower than the feet. You'd put a patient in trendelenburg to get the blood to the brain as quickly as possible. (Blood pressure has dropped extremely low)

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36

Sim's Position-

This position is someone laying on their left side, their legs are straight, your right leg is bent (enema or rectal exam)

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37

Prone-

This position is patient is laying on their stomach

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38

Supine-

This position is patient is laying on their back

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39

Fowler's (Semi) -

Forty five degrees

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40

Fowler's (High) -

Ninety degrees

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41

P-

Offer

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42

S-

Without

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43

A-

Before

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44

Q-

Every

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45

QD-

Every day

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46

BID-

Twice a day

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47

TID-

Three times a day

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48

QOD-

Every other day

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49

QID-

Four times a day

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50

PO-

By mouth

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51

NPO-

Nothing by mouth

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52

STAT-

Immediately

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53

DNR-

Do not resuscitate

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54

DNI-

Do not intubate

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55

Hypo-

Low

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56

Hyper-

High

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57

Normal temperature range-

97.6-99.6

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58

Normal Pulse Range-

60-100 bpm

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59

Respiration-

Counting how many times the person chest rises and falls

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60

Normal Respiration Range-

12-20 bpm

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61

(Blood Pressure) Top Number-

Systolic Number

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62

(Blood Pressure) Bottom Number-

Diastolic Number

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63

Normal Range for Systolic Number-

100-140

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64

Normal Range for Diastolic Number-

60-90

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65

Pain Range-

1 to 10

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66

Oral-

Mouth Temperature

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67

Ear-

Tympanic Temperature

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68

Armpit-

Axillary Temperature

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69

Butt-

Rectal Temperature

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70

Wrist Pulse-

Radial Pulse

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71

If your patient is confused or disoriented-

Never take an oral temperature

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72

Radial Pulse-

Side of the thumb (Most common spot to take a pulse)

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73

Juggular-

Carotid (Located in the neck)

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74

Apical-

At the base of the heart (Need a stethoscope/Most accurate pulse/Needs a full minute)

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75

Popliteal Pulse-

Behind the knee

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76

Pedal Pulse-

Found at the top of the foot

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77

Mastectomy-

Surgical removal of a breast (Blood pressure can not be taken on the side of the Mastectomy)

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78

Hypertension-

High blood pressure

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79

Hypotension-

Low blood pressure

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80

Pre-hypertension

Exhibiting signs of hypertension

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81

Orthostatic hypotension

Decrease in blood pressure related to positional or postural changes from lying to sitting or standing positions

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82

Glucose normal range-

70 to 120

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83

Pulse Oximetry-

Measuring the amount of oxygen in your blood

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84

hx-

History

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85

tx-

Treatment

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86

dx-

Diagnosis

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87

fx-

Fracture

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88

OOD-

Out of bed

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89

ROM-

Range of motion

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90

AMA-

Against medical advice

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91

d/c-

Discontinued or discharge

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92

DOA-

Dead on arrival

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93

a/c-

Give the patient a snack before meals

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94

h/s-

Before bedtime or hour of sleep

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95

w/c-

wheelchair

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96

Ausculate-

To listen

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97

Palpate-

To touch or feel

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98

Gait-

To walk/balanced

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99

Syncope-

To faint

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100

Emesis-

Vomit

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