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cardiac muscle produces movement in what body part?

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1

cardiac muscle produces movement in what body part?

heart

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2

which connective tissue contains a high number of collage fibers aligned in parallel & makes up tendons & ligaments in the body ?

dense regular

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3

epithelial tissue function

cover of line a portion of body for protection

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4

cubo dial epithial tissue contains cells that are

equal in width & height

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5

membrane composed of pseudo stratified epithelium & aerolar connective tissue is what membrane ?

mucous

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6

which muscle tissue contains fusiform myocytes that lack striations & works to produce movements in digestive & reproductive & urinary system

smooth muscle

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7

epithial tissue location inside serous membranes is classified as

mesothelium

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8

an epithelial tissue w 2 layers of cells is classified as

stratified

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9

which connective tissue contains a high number of elastic fibers aligned in parallel & provides large blood vessels w elasticity

elastic

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10

connective tissue that contains erythrocytes, leukocytes & thrombocytes, surrounded by a significant amount of ground substance & serves to transport nutrients throughout body

blood

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11

basal surface of epithelial tissue located where

between it & the underlying connective tissue

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12

social surface of an epithelial tissue is located

at exposed surface

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13

epithelial tissue is located inside pleural membrane classified as

mesothelium

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14

epithelial cell that has an equal width & height in cross section is considered what

cuboidal

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15

what muscle tissue contains long parallel myocytes with multiple nuclei & moves the bones out of the body

skeletal muscle

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16

glands that secrete their product into the stomach of the digestive system are classified as

exocrine glands

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17

an epithelial tissue w 3 layers of cells is classified as

stratified

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18

exocrine glands might place their secretions into/onto what

skin

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19

a columnar epithelial tissue contains cells that are

taller than they are wide

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20

nervous tissues functions

communicate by generating & transporting electrochemical signals

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21

an epithelial tissue w ten layers of cells is classified as

stratified

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22

an epithelial cell that is taller than it is wide in cross section of considered what

columnar

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23

what fibers provide elasticity to a connective tissue

elastic

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24

mucous membrane is composed of what tissues

pseudostratified columnar & areolar

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25

which connective tissue contains chondrocytesw a high number of collagen fibers which aid in absorbing shock & limiting movement between vertebrae (bones in the spine)

fibrocartilage

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26

areolar tissue

type of connective tissue proper, loose CT

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27

cutaneous membrane

epithelial tissue made up of stratified squamous epithelial cells that cover the outside of the body

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28

histology

study tissues

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29

goblet cell

gland in columnar epithelium

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30

adipose tissue

specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat

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31

areolar tissue

(also, loose connective tissue) a type of connective tissue proper that shows little specialization with cells dispersed in the matrix

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32

adipocytes

lipid storage cells

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33

connective tissue

type of tissue that serves to hold in place, connect, and integrate the body’s organs and systems

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34

collagen fiber

flexible fibrous proteins that give connective tissue tensile strength

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35

chondrocytes

cells of the cartilage

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36

connective tissue proper

connective tissue containing a viscous matrix, fibers, and cells.

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37

cutaneous membrane

skin; epithelial tissue made up of a stratified squamous epithelial cells that cover the outside of the body

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38

cardiac muscle

heart muscle, under involuntary control, composed of striated cells that attach to form fibers, each cell contains a single nucleus, contracts autonomously

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39

dense connective tissue

connective tissue proper that contains many fibers that provide both elasticity and protection

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40

elastic cartilage

type of cartilage, with elastin as the major protein, characterized by rigid support as well as elasticity

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41

elastic fiber

fibrous protein within connective tissue that contains a high percentage of the protein elastin that allows the fibers to stretch and return to original size

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42

fibrocartilage

tough form of cartilage, made of thick bundles of collagen fibers embedded in chondroitin sulfate ground substance

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43

fluid connective tissue

specialized cells that circulate in a watery fluid containing salts, nutrients,and dissolved proteins

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44

fibroblast

most abundant cell type in connective tissue, secretes protein fibers and matrix into the extracellular space

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45

exocrine gland

group of epithelial cells that secrete substances through ducts that open to the skin or to internal body surfaces that lead to the exterior of the body

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46

endothelium

tissue that lines vessels of the lymphatic and cardiovascular system, made up of a simple squamous epithelium

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47

endocrine gland

groups of cells that release chemical signals into the intercellular fluid to be picked up and transported to their target organs by blood

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48

ground substance

fluid or semi-fluid portion of the matrix

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49

hyaline cartilage

most common type of cartilage, smooth and made of short collagen fibers embedded in a chondroitin sulfate ground substance

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50

muscle tissue

type of tissue that is capable of contracting and generating tension in response to stimulation; produces movement.

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51

mesothelium

simple squamous epithelial tissue which covers the major body cavities and is the epithelial portion of serous membranes

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52

mucous membrane

tissue membrane that is covered by protective mucous and lines tissue exposed to the outside environment

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53

myocyte

muscle cells

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54

smooth muscle

under involuntary control, moves internal organs, cells contain a single nucleus, are spindle-shaped, and do not appear striated; each cell is a fiber

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55

serous membrane

type of tissue membrane that lines body cavities and lubricates them with serous fluid

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56

skeletal muscle

usually attached to bone, under voluntary control, each cell is a fiber that is multinucleated and striated

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57

stratified columnar epithelium

tissue that consists of two or more layers of column-like cells, contains glands and is found in some ducts

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58

stratified cuboidal epithelium

tissue that consists of two or more layers of cube-shaped cells, found in some ducts

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59

simple columnar epithelium

tissue that consists of a single layer of column-like cells; promotes secretion and absorption in tissues and organs

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60

simple cuboidal epithelium

tissue that consists of a single layer of cube-shaped cells; promotes secretion and absorption in ducts and tubules

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61

simple squamous epithelium

tissue that consists of a single layer of flat scale-like cells; promotes diffusion and filtration across surface

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62

nervous tissue

type of tissue that is capable of sending and receiving impulses through electrochemical signals.

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63

neuroglia

supportive neural cells

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neuron

excitable cell that produces myelin in the brain

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65

reticular fiber

fine fibrous protein, made of collagen subunits, which cross-link to form supporting “nets” within connective tissue

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66

reticular tissue

type of loose connective tissue that provides a supportive framework to soft organs, such as lymphatic tissue, spleen, and the liver

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67

loose connective tissue

(also, areolar tissue) type of connective tissue proper that shows little specialization with cells dispersed in the matrix

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68

pseudostratified columnar epithelium

tissue that consists of a single layer of irregularly shaped and sized cells that give the appearance of multiple layers; found in ducts of certain glands and the upper respiratory tract

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69

synovial membrane

connective tissue membrane that lines the cavities of freely movable joints, producing synovial fluid for lubrication

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70

supportive connective tissue

type of connective tissue that provides strength to the body and protects soft tissue

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transitional epithelium

form of stratified epithelium found in the urinary tract, characterized by an apical layer of cells that change shape in response to the presence of urine

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72

tissue

collection of cells working together

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apical surface

exposed surface, exterior of body or internal space

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Basolateral surface

Base & lateral surfaces together

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75

Polarity

A property noting structural differences between two ends

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76

Epithelia

Cover external & internal surfaces, Protection from abrasion, dehydration

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glands

produce secretions

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78

Non-keratinized Stratified squamous epithelium

Resists abrasion but can dry out, Lines oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, anus, vagina

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Epithelium

Epithelial tissue covering exterior surfaces

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80

Mucin

Merocrine secretion that mixes with water to form mucus

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81

Duct

Tubing that connects an exocrine gland to an exposed surface

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82

Extracellular Matrix

  • Extracellular fibers and ground substance

  • Surrounds the cells

  • Accounts for majority of connective tissue volume

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83

lymph

within lymphatic system, white blood cells, maintain solute levels

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84

blood

within cardiovascular system

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85

Melanocytes

Synthesize melanin pigment

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86

Plasma cells

Immune cells producing antibodies

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87

Dense irregular connective tissue

Thick collagen fibers arranged in random directions, Strength in many directions, Stromal tissue, Found covering visceral organs; in superficial layers of bones, cartilages, and peripheral nerves; in dermis of skin

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plasma

watery matrix

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erthrocyte red blood cell

transport oxygen

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90

leukocyte white blood cell

bodily defense

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91

lacunae

Small chambers called, Inside lacunae are cells, Chondrocyte cartilage & Osteocyte (os, bone)

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92

Osteocyte

Bone

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Chondrocyte

Cartilage

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94

Chondroblasts

  • (immature chondrocytes) divide in cellular layer of perichondrium

  • Chondroblasts secrete new matrix

  • Once surrounded by matrix, chondroblasts mature into chondrocytes

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95

Osseous (os, bone) tissue (bone tissue)

Connective tissue with solid, crystalline matrix, Strong, somewhat flexible, resistant to shattering

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96

fasciae

Surrounds and supports organs, 3 layers, superficial fascia, deep fascia, subserous fascia

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Axon 

Conducts information to other cells

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98

Dendrites

Receive information

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99

Elastic tissue

  • More elastic fibers than collagen

  • Is springy and resilient

  • Found between vertebrae, in ears, walls of large blood vessels, erectile tissues of penis

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100

soma

where the nucleus lies, where the neuron's DNA is housed, and where proteins are made to be transported throughout the axon and dendrites

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