semster 2 religion exam

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form (baptism)

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178 Terms

1

form (baptism)

words: "(name), I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit."

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2

matter (baptism)

water

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3

ordinary minister (baptism)

deacon, priest, or bishop, or in an emergency, anyone

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4

celebration of baptism

matter: water

in order for water to be an effective sign of cleansing, it must have contact with the body in some manner (pouring water or immersion)

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5

form: words

the words used in baptism come directly from the apostolic mandate, which Christ gave to his apostles before his ascension

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6

minister: bishop, priest, or deacon

the ordinary minister of baptism is a bishop, priest, or deacon, but in case of necessity, anyone may baptize

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7

immersion

a method of baptizing whereby the whole person is submerged in water.

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8

affusion

the practice of baptizing by means of pouring water over the head of the baptized.

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9

baptizein (baptize)

to plunge, immerse, or dip

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10

original sin

the first sin; passed down to every generation.

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11

Actual Sin

sin committed by a person during his or her life.

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12

christ

intiated baptism into the church

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13

sacraments of initiation

baptism, confirmation, eucharist

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14

st. john the baptist

performed christ’s baptism in the river jordan

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15

godparents

the sponsor of one who is baptized; a godparent assumes the responsibility to assist the newly baptized child or adult in the practice of the Christian Faith.

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16

infant baptism

initiation of babies and young children into the Church, where promises are taken on their behalf by adults. rhe infant is freed from sin and introduced to the saving love of God and the support of the Christian community.

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17

"types" (prefiguring of baptism)

to point forward to a later event or person.

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18

3 theological virtues

  1. faith

  2. hope

  3. charity/love

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19

domestic church

an ancient expression for the family, recognizing the parents as the first heralds of the faith to their children in both word and example.

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20

concupiscence

the disordered human appetites or desires that remain even after baptism due to the temporal consequences of original sin and constitute an inclination to sin.

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21

mortal sin

deliberate sin that breaks our friendship with God.

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22

indelible mark

left by baptism, confirmation, and holy orders

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23

tabal

sprinkling of blood of a sacrificed animal or water to purify a person or object.

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24

st. hippolytus of rome

he wrote about infant baptism in the early Church.

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25

cardinal/moral virtues

prudence, temperance, justice, fortitude

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26

venial sin

damages our friendship with God

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27

st. francis xavier

a great missionary and baptizer for the Church.

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28

baptism by blood

one who suffers death for the sake of the Faith, without having been baptized, is "baptized" by his or her death for and with Christ.

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29

baptism by desire

for those who strive to serve God as best they are able but die before having been baptized, their implicit desire to receive baptism - together with repentance for their sins and charity - assures them the salvation that they were not able to receive sacramentally.

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30

form (confirmation)

words: (name), be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit

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31

matter (confirmation)

sacred chrism

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32

ordinary minister (confirmation)

bishop, unless authority is given to priest.

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33

celebration of confirmation

performed to teh cnadiates to have teh holy spirit in their lives

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34

counsel

gift of the Holy Spirit to help make sound moral decisions.

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35

septuagint

important Greek translation of the Old Testament.

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36

sacred chrism

matter used for the sacrament of Confirmation

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37

proper disposition

partaking of a sacrament while in the state of grace.

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38

sapientia

latin for wisdom (gift of the holy spirit).

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39

confirmation name

saint's name

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40

st. ambrose of milan

made first use of the word confirmation

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41

apostolate

spreading the faith

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42

confirmation

received usually as an adolescent (latin rite)

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43

first holy communion

received at the age of reason (latin rite)

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44

sacraments of initiation

baptism, confirmation, eucharist

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45

human reason & intellect

allows us to know God; responsibility, free will and intelligence

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46

confirmation sponsor

a confirmed catholic who will help guide a candidate in the process

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47

dual sacrament

baptism and confirmation

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48

gifts of the holy spirit

wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, and fear of the Lord

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49

confirmation age

7-16

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50

confirmation location

Church

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51

laying on of hands

the ritual act, going back to the Old Testament, whereby men were consecrated for sacred duties. from the New Testament onward, it has been the action used to ordain men to the priesthood.

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52

form (eucharist)

words of consecration: "tis is my body...This is the cup of my blood..."

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53

matter (eucharist)

bread and wine

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54

ordinary minister (eucharist)

priests, bishops, and deacons

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55

celebration of the eucharist

clebration of jesus body and blood in which we recieve

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56

homily

priest or deacons comments on the Scripture readings

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57

general Intercessions

prayers for individuals, the Church, and the whole world

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58

mass of the catechumens

the Liturgy of the Word, which is attended also by those who are not yet members of the Church

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59

sign of the cross

sign that reminds us of our baptism, asks God for purity of heart and mind, and acknowledges the blessed trinity

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60

transubstantiation

the scholastic term used to designate the unique change, in a true, real, and substantial manner, of the entire substance of the eucharistic bread and wine into the body and blood of christ, with his soul and divinity, leaving intact the accidents.

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61

genuflection

sign of respect by bending the knee(s) to acknowledge the Presence of Christ in the blessed sacrament

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62

eucharist

in the early Church, "the breaking of the bred"

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63

gloria

a prayer of praise of the blessed trinity

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64

real presence

the body and blood of Christ under the appearance of bread and wine.

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65

nicene creed

profession of faith

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66

preparation before mass

blessing oneself with holy water and genuflecting before the tabernacle, acknowledging the Real presence of Christ, our savior

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67

words of consecration

the form of the sacrament whereby the bread and wine become the Body and blood of our lord Jesus Christ.

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68

tabernacle

an ornamented receptacle in the church in which the consecrated eucharist is reserved for communion for the sick and dying as well as for adoration.

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69

sacrilege

receiving the holy eucharist while in the state of mortal sin

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70

the miracle of lanciano

a priest was doubting the Real Presence as he consecrated the Host, as he was consecrating it turned into the real Flesh and Blood. The flesh was of human heart and the blood type was AB. The Flesh and Blood have not aged or decomposed at all, even though normal human flesh decomposes almost instantaneously.

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71

cup of consummation

the last cup in the Passover ceremony

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72

the body and blood of jesus christ

the bread and wine becoming consecration

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73

graces

free and undeserved gifts that God gives people to respond to their vocation to become his adopted children

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74

form (reconciliation)

words/prayer of absolution

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75

matter (reconciliation)

contrition, confession, satisfaction

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76

ordinary minister (reconciliation)

bishop or priest

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77

celebration of reconciliation

clebration in order for poeple to reconcile their sins to become clean from them

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78

eternal law

law of God that directs all things according to his divine wisdom

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79

idolatry

the disordered love of created things (creatures) over God the creator

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80

private confessions

practice introduced in the Irish and British Churches for the celebration of the sacrament of reconciliation

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81

concupiscence

human weakness and tendency to sin

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82

sacraments of healing

reconciliation and anointing of the sick

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83

public confessions

practice common in the early Church for the celebration of the sacrament of reconciliation

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84

natural law

laws of morality ascertainable through human reason.

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85

perfect contrition

sorrow for having sinned, principally for having offended God, who is all goodness and love

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86

imperfect contrition

sorrow for having sinned primarily out of fear of punishment or fear of going to hell

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87

examination of conscience

reviewing the ten commandments, the precepts of the Church, praying, and carefully calling to mind our sins in number and kind

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88

actual sin

sins against God committed by the deliberate will of the individual

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89

venial sin

an offense against the law and love of God that does not deprive the soul of sanctifying grace

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90

mortal sin

A grave offense against God that destroys a person's relationship with him by severing him or her from divine love

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91

absolution

forgiveness

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92

sorrow for sins

looking at the true consequences of sin, meditating on the suffering of Jesus which were caused by our sins, and reflecting on our sins

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93

purpose of amendment

A resolve on the part of a penitent not to sin again. It is not a mere wish, nor is it a promise, but a simple determination of will to avoid sin. In the early Church a relatively long period of actual reform was often required to precede the reconciliation of a sinner.

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94

act of contrition

a prayer that allows us to express our sorrow and promise to try not to sin again

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95

plenary indulgence

an indulgence that removes all of the temporal punishment due to sin

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96

partial indulgence

Indulgence that removes part of the temporal punishment due to sin; does not include being "free from all attachment to sin"

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97

the keys of st. peter

represent Peter's authority as the leader of the twelve apostles and the head of the early Church. After Peter made his profession of faith in Jesus as the Messiah and the Son of the living God (Mt 16:16), Jesus said, “I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven.

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98

Hell

the state of permanent separation from God, reserved for those who freely and consciously choose to reject God to the very end of their lives

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99

Heaven

a state of eternal life and union with God, in which one experiences full happiness and the satisfaction of the deepest human longings.

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100

Earth

where we experience christ mirclaes and callings

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