Unit 1 Review

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What caused the decline of the Aztecs?

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Tags and Description

Geography

121 Terms

1

What caused the decline of the Aztecs?

A Spanish conquistador conquered the region resulting in warfare and widespread disease.

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2

Where were the Incas located?

Andes Mountains modern-day southern Colombia to southern Chile

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3

The earliest cultural hearths were almost completely determined by what?

their geographical locations

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4

Chinampa

A floating garden on which the Aztec grew crops

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5

What did the Sumerians use their writing system for?

to record information about goods they traded

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6

Almost all cultural hearths were located near what?

river valleys/water sources

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7

What provided Egypt with protection from outside invaders for thousands of years?

Desert climate

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8

What 2 things did all cultural hearths have in common?

cultural diffusion and innovation

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9

The Mayans, Aztec, and Inca were all

polytheistic

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10

This was one of the largest cities in the Mayan civilization - had the most diverse population.

Chichen Itza

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11

Epic of Gilgamesh

An epic poem from Mesopotamia, and among the earliest known works of literary writing - chronicled Sumerian myths and legends

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12

cultural diffusion

The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another

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13

Why did the Aztecs have to build chinampas?

Because they settled on Lake Texcoco

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14

The Columbian Exchange wiped out over ____ percent of the Native American population

ninety

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15

The Triangular Trade route connected what 3 places?

Europe, Africa, & the Americas

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16

Who arrived in the New World & began centuries of colonization and conquest between the eastern and western hemispheres?

Christopher Columbus

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17

Culture

Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.

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18

What caused the decline of the Mayans?

unknown

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19

Fertile Crescent

A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates

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20

Columbian Exchange

The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.

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21

Cultural Hearth

Locations on Earth's surface where specific cultures first arose.

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22

Effects of the Columbian Exchange

disease in the New World, new animal introduced, slave trade, new crops introduced

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23

Ziggurat

spiritual temples built by Sumerians

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24

Cuneiform

A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.

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25

civilization

A society with cities, a central government, job specialization, and social classes

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26

Empire

land with different territories and peoples under a single rule

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27

Mesopotamia

"land between the rivers"

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28

Neolithic Revolution

The switch from nomadic lifestyles to a settled agricultural lifestyle

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29

culture

Beliefs, customs, arts, and traditions of a specific group of people.

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30

Mesopotamia

"land between the rivers" - home of many early civilizations. Located in present day Iraq

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31

primary source

an account of an event created by someone who took part in or witnessed the event

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32

city-state

A sovereign state which serves as the center of political, economic, and cultural life

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33

afterlife

life after death

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34

government

the governing body of a nation, state, or community.

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35

social class

a division of a society based on social and economic status

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36

cultural diffusion

The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another

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37

hierarchy

a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority.

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38

polytheistic

Belief in many gods

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39

civilization

the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced

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40

secondary source

Information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event

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41

proselytize

to convert someone to a faith, belief, or cause

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42

public works

projects built (& funded) by the government for public use

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43

cultural hearth

Locations on Earth's surface where specific cultures first arose.

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44

agrarian

related to farming/cultivation of land

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45

monotheistic

Belief in one god

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46

economy

the wealth and resources of a country or region, especially in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services

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47

nomadic

wandering, moving about from place to place

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48

What early civilization was located at the area in blue?

Aztecs

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49

What early civilization was located at the area marked in green?

Inca

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50

What early civilization was located at the area in red?

Mayans

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51

movement

How and why are places connected with one another? - What theme of geography is this referring to?

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52

region

How is one area similar to another? - What theme of geography is this referring to?

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53

human/environment interaction

What is the relationship between humans & their environment? - What theme of geography is this referring to?

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54

place

What's it like there? - What theme of geography is this referring to?

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55

location

Where is it located? - What theme of geography is this referring to?

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56

primary source

interview with person you are writing about

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57

primary source

music from the time period

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58

primary source

artifacts from that time

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59

secondary source

song about the topic

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60

primary source

diaries or journals

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61

secondary source

biographies

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62

secondary source

encyclopedia

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63

secondary source

textbooks

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64

Neolithic Revolution

a set of dramatic changes in how people lived based on agriculture and domestication of animals

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65

Which description of GOVERNMENT is correct?

Meeting the needs of the people through leadership

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66

Which description of PUBLIC WORKS is correct?

Projects that benefit the people

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67

Which description of RELIGION is correct?

Set of beliefs regarding a higher power

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68

Which description of JOB SPECIALIZATION is correct?

Becoming really good at one specific task

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69

Which description of SOCIAL CLASSES is correct?

Organization of people into a hierarchy

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70

Which description of WRITING is correct?

The only way we know civilizations existed

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71

Which description of ART AND ARCHITECTURE is correct?

Expression of values through design

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72

What is another name for the Neolithic Revolution?

Agricultural Revolution

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73

Farming allowed people to do which of the following?

Store surplus food

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74

What development during the Neolithic Age allowed people to develop new types of jobs?

Having a stable food supply

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75

What is specialization of labor?

When people are able to do different jobs, because there is enough food

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76

Which of the following is NOT an early cultural hearth that we studied?

West African

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77

What is the acronym that we came up with for the 7 traits of civilizations?

CPR SWAG

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78

Location of the Inca

Andes Mountains

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79

Location of Ancient Egypt

Along the Nile River (Egypt/Sudan)

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80

Location of the Aztec

Lake Texcoco - Central Mexico

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81

Location of the Mayans

Yucatan Peninsula

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82

Location of Ancient Sumer

Mesopotamia - present day Iraq

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83

Almost all early civilizations developed near _____ .

water

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84

What does Mesopotamia mean?

Between two Rivers

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85

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a civilization

culture

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86

Sumerian society was orgainized in _____ which consisted of a city and the surrounding lands.

city-states

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87

an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower with outside staircases and a shrine at the top

ziggurat

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88

Who was at the top of the social heirarchy for the Sumerians?

Kings

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89

Tigres and Euphrates Rivers

Two rivers that surrounded Mesopotamia

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90

ziggurat

a tall pyramid-shaped building where Sumerians performed religious ceremonies

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91

What is the name of the holy book for Christianity?

Bible

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92

Mummification

process to preserve a human body by embalming it and wrapping it up in cloth. Taught Egyptians about medicine, how to deal with bones and treat wounds.

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93

What is the goal of a Buddhist ?

enlightenment/release from suffering

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94

Which is the name of the Muslim house of worship?

Mosque

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95

How many times a day is a Muslim to pray?

5

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96

Who is the founder of Judaism?

Abraham

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97

Which religion has the most followers world wide ?

Christianity

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98

Which of the following does not worship a specific god?

Buddhism

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99

The Arabic word for God is

Allah

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100

Which religion uses the 10 Commandments as a law code?

Christianity and Judaism

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