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The use of x-rays to create a medical image on patients is referred to as

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1

The use of x-rays to create a medical image on patients is referred to as

radiography

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2

Mechanical, electrical, heat, nuclear, and electromagnetic are forms of energy

true

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3

In the diagnosis of patient disease states, physicians can select from an array of medical diagnostic modalities. A few of these involve the use of ionizing energy to create a medical image. If a physician is concerned about the use of ionizing radiation, he or she may choose to order any of the following diagnostic modalities EXCEPT

radiography

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4

The Greek physician Hippocrates is regarded as the father of Western medicine. All of the following choices represent his medical beliefs EXCEPT the

important medical value of sorcery and witchcraft.

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5

Throughout the history of medicine, remarkable achievements have been recorded. These events have led to our current understanding of the human organism and disease. As this research continues, much of it will most likely focus on

human genes and genetic engineering

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6

Wilhelm C. Roentgen's discovery of "the x-ray" is regarded as one of medicine's most significant achievements. Although his discovery was accidental, his early research was so thorough that no significant findings have been added to his original theories. This in itself is a true tribute to the brilliance of Roentgen as a scientist. One of the most famous early images he created was an x-ray image of his

wife's hand.

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7

A valuable x-ray procedure used to diagnose a myocardial infarction is

coronary arteriography.

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8

All of the following are true of the diagnostic procedure of mammography EXCEPT

the procedures may be performed using a general radiographic machine

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9

To study the blood vessels of the brain, kidneys, liver, and other organs, contrast material is administered into these vessels by using

catheters

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10

Radiologic science continues to be one of the most exciting professions in medicine. An imaging modality that uses no ionizing radiation and the energy of radio waves and magnetic fields is

MRI

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11

A physician who specializes in the interpretation of medical images is known as a

radiologist

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12

The health occupation that deals with the management of patient medical records and medical coding is

health information services

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13

The medical imaging specialty of _______ uses radiopharmaceuticals and gamma radiation in the production of medical images for patient diagnosis

nuclear medicine

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14

The current medical standard for measuring bone health with a high degree of accuracy is

DEXA studies of the hip and lower spine.

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15

Many medical professions have developed "practice standards" to ensure optimum performance of their members. The radiography "practice standards" are developed and maintained by the

American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT).

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16

The current medical standard for measuring bone health with a high degree of accuracy is:

DEXA studies of the hip and lower spine

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17

The term used to describe energy transmitted through matter is

radiation

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18

Special protection should be taken to prevent excessive exposure to

ionizing radiation

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19

A class of health care workers who specialize in carrying out treatments designed to improve a patient's health condition and quality of life and who likely possess a 2- or 4-year degree are known as

technologists

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20

The discovery of x-rays occurred in:

1895

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21

_________ is the capacity to operate or work

energy

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22

_________ electromagnetic radiation of short wavelength that is produced when electrons moving at high velocity are suddenly stopped.

xray

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23

This process has the ability to disrupt the composition of matter and as a result is is capable of disrupting life processes.

ionization

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24

Another name for x-rays

roentgen rays

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25

visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections of pulses of ultrasonic waves directed into the tissue

sonography

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26

MRI and cardiac MRI, CT, PET, x-ray, ultrasound, bone densiometry or DEXA, and fluoroscopy

modalities of radiology include

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27

Particular care must be taken when using radiation for medical imaging. This is the result of radiaitons ability to create ______ in human tissue and possible biochemical changes

ionization

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28

Which of the following are forms of energy?

nuclear heat electromagnetic mehanical all of the above ALL OF THE ABOVE

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29

The process whereby an organization seeks recognition from its peer groups through demonstrated compliance with developed standards is termed:

accredidation

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30

There are many organizations involved with medical imaging that make up this great profession. A common goal of all of these organizations is to:

accomplish all of the above

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31

A radiographer looking to relocate to another state for similar employment is advised to check into that State's __________ requirements to ensure qualified employability.

liscensure

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32

The oldest radiologic society in the medical imaging profession is the:

American Roentgen Ray Society.

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33

The agency that certifies radiologic technologists is the:

ARRT

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34

Which of the following is the reason for the registry?

to provide a listing of individuals who are certified in radiologic technology

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35

Accreditation is a voluntary process through which an agency grants recognition to an individual upon demonstration, usually by examination, of specialized professional skills.

false

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36

Very few states have state licensing

false

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37

The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists certifies individuals in radiography.

true

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38

List of individuals holding certification in a particular profession

registry

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39

When you consider the many organizations that make up the medical imaging profession, it is accurate to conclude that

the collective group of agencies are responsible for the accreditation, certification, and representation of the medical imaging profession

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40

The professional title RT (R) indicates which of the following?

registered technologist (radiographer)

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41

Which organization sponsors the JRCERT?

AEIRS &ASRT

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42

Which of the following identifies a registered diagnostic medical sonographer?

RDMS

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43

What is the purpose of self-study?

to provide specific program documentation based on guidelines set by an accrediting institution

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44

Accredited programs in radiologic technology are recognized by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT). Programs seeking this recognition necessarily must comply with the JRCERT:

rules and regulations

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45

Professional certification of medical imaging practitioners, such as radiographers, is offered by the American

Registry of Radiologic Technologists.

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46

All of the following are true of the American Healthcare Radiology Administrators (AHRA) organization EXCEPT it

certifies radiographers

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47

The organization that is principally responsible for the general welfare of the profession of radiologic technology, through its efforts in continuing education, practice standards, and socioeconomics is the

American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT).

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48

The organization that sponsors an international meeting in Chicago, Illinois each year in late November is the:

Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

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49

Which professional title identifies a radiographer who has passed the mammography exam?

RT (M)

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50

Which statement represents an example of the purpose of the American College of Radiology?

to provide continuing education for its members

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51

___________ is a voluntary process through which an agency grants recognition to an individual on demonstration, usually by examination, of specialized professional skills

certification

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52

group of persons appointed by sponsoring organizations to oversee the accreditation process

JRC

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53

One of your classmates consistently gets As on tests and homework, with no apparent effort or study. In talking with him, you discover he has a good strategy for studying that involves

consistently allocating specific times of the day for studying and exercise.

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54

An example of a stress buffer is

exercising with friends for 45 minutes the day before a big test.

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55

The fight-or-flight response is a natural process of the body. It is characterized by

all of the above

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56

As you prepare for an important clinical examination on trauma radiography, a casual friend stops by unexpectedly to tell you she thinks she is about to lose her job. It's clear she wants to talk to someone, and from your friend's perspective, you appear to have some time to talk. How would you best handle this situation?

Politely tell your friend that you would love to talk after you have finished studying if time permits

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57

_________________________unexpected negative changes or events.

hassles

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58

________ robs energy?

worry

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59

_____________ statements that reflect an attitude of choice and evoke positive fellings

in control language

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60

_________________________time and energy spent concerned for things over which we have little or no control.

worry

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61

As you prepare to take a final examination for a course you have enjoyed, you discover that your laptop computer battery is very low, causing concern. You wanted to review your notes one last time before going into the examination. This event would be classified as a(n):

hassle

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62

How do people best manage their time?

prioritize obligations to school, family, and work

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63

As you are driving to your clinical site for the day's activities, you encounter an unexpected construction zone that will most likely make you late. You have taken this reliable route many times before and plan your driving time precisely. You have never been late before, and you feel that your clinical instructor will dismiss you from the program. In this particular case, an effective way to deal with this new stressor would be to

call your clinical instructor and provide an estimate as to your delay.

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64

Nutrition that will improve your stress level includes

eating a spinach salad topped with nuts and tomatoes.

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65

As you prepare to study for your final examinations, one of your classmates asks to study with you because she has not been keeping up with the lectures, having missed a few classes over the past week. This person always seems unhappy and is never prepared for clinical experiences. She frequently complains about having to get up so early to get to class and that she is not sure she made the right choice in selecting radiologic technology. Studying with this classmate will

create a negative climate for both of you; you should politely excuse yourself

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66

You are about to take a 100-question test in a timed fashion. The test time allotment is 90 minutes. An effective test-taking strategy to use when taking this test is

scan the test and answer the questions you clearly know and then go back and spend the necessary time on those questions that need more time even though you may not quite finish

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67

As you prepare to take a final examination for a course you have enjoyed, you discover that your laptop computer battery is very low, causing concern. You wanted to review your notes one last time before going into the examination. This event would be classified as a(n)

hassle

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68

Time management is an important part of controlling stress levels. Effective methods to control time include

  1. avoiding deadlines because they typically limit time for pleasurable activities.

  2. pushing yourself to unknown limits because you need to know your potential.

  3. determining the most important activities that could contribute to your success.

  4. focusing only on those activities that are important, allowing little time for close friends and family.

  5. doubling your study time to improve your grade from a D to an A.

3 only

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69

Which of the following statements uses out-of-control language?

"I can't believe I have all these examinations in the same week. This is so unfair!"

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70

Steps for successful test taking include

  1. memorizing acronyms to remember important formulas.

  2. going out for a pasta dinner the night before an examination to be with friends.

  3. wearing bright colors the day of the examination.

  4. relaxing the day before the examination and avoiding cramming.

  5. rechecking your answers, particularly if you had to record them on a scan sheet using blackened circles.

  6. on the day of the test, changing your driving route to class to vary your day even though the new route is shorter and under construction.

  7. helping a classmate cram for the examination as a favor just before you take the test.

3,4,5

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71

School, family, and work are examples of:

stressors

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72

When reacting in a fright-or-flight response, blood flows to the:

long muscles and exremeties

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73

Which of the following could trigger the fight-or-flight response?

grade on a final exam

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74

Recognizing personal stressors is important because it:

helps one take responsibility for oneself

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75

An example of an uplift activity is:

watching a comedy show

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76

When individuals use words or phrases that express a lack of control, they are using:

out of control language

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77

All of the following are considered in-control language except:

"This grading scale is unfair."

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78

Which of the following represents unnecessary energy being expended by borrowing trouble?

worry

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79

When we worry, what percentage of what we worry about actually happens?

5%

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80

A student who feels sleepy and sluggish in class after visiting a vending machine may be eating too many:

carbs

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81

All of the following are buffers to stress except:

big mac and fries

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82

Why is studying with other students helpful?

More than one viewpoint can help explain the different concepts.

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83

Which of the following is a suggested way to reduce anxiety before a test?

arrive early for the test

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84

Which of the following food choices is recommended before a test?

1 cup of cooked cereal, an orange, and 1 cup low-fat milk

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85

Which of the following situations would require critical analysis thinking skills?

  1. A patient asking for directions to the restroom

  2. A physician asking you to call his office to speak to his nurse

  3. Improvising the angulation of the x-ray tube to compensate for a patient condition

  4. Your supervisor asking you to develop a new quality control plan

  5. Repositioning a patient after assessing the patient's previous images

  6. Providing a gown to a patient with instructions on putting it on correctly

  7. Modifying exposure factors after reviewing the patient's history

3, 4, 5, and 7 only

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86

While working as a radiographer, you design a unique receptor holder to use during portable procedures that clearly reduces the exposure of others by lessening the need to hold patients or cassettes. The development of this imaging device shows that you are functioning at what level of learning?

synthesis

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87

In your experiences as a student radiographer, you will encounter a variety of technologists, each with his or her own methods for performing procedures. Some will be quite good, and unfortunately some will be bad. As a student you have a responsibility to recognize these various behaviors and assess their professional correctness. A firm reference point for determining the appropriate behavior for technologist behavior would be:

referencing the ASRT Practice Standards and ARRT Code of Ethics.

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88

When you write a lengthy essay on your feelings about radiation protection, you are analyzing your:

values that are learned or instilled as a part of your affective education.

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89

The transfer of knowledge gained in the laboratory or classroom setting is best demonstrated:

in an actual clinical setting on patients

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90

Exposure factor selection for optimum image quality is one of the most challenging aspects of radiography. In your attempt to produce an image of a patient's hip in the AP projection, you become frustrated with the image you have created, as it is suboptimal in image quality. When you show the image to the supervisor, he abruptly states that you need to repeat the image and this time "get it right." As you begin to repeat the image, your first critical analysis thought should be to:

clearly identify the problem that led to the suboptimal image

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91

As a student radiographer you have been assigned to work with a classmate as part of a group project. Your assignment is to produce an x-ray image of a nonroutine projection of the skull. To do this, you would perform this:

using a skull phantom in a laboratory setting.

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92

Critical thinking skills are necessary for the competent medical imaging professional. Various organizations within the radiologic sciences provide guidance and documentation of these traits. As an example, the American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT) publishes ______________ that help define specific professional expectations and responsibilities.

practice standards

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93

All of the following choices would generally require critical analysis thinking EXCEPT:

checking in for work and reviewing the day's schedule.

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94

Critical thinking is an essential part of the radiologic sciences profession. This requires the professional radiographer to use broad intellectual skills and experiences when making the correct choice for any given situation, as a result of the fact that:

No 2 procedures or treatments are the same many decisions are difficult and complex working with each patient is a unique experience ALL OF THE ABOVE!

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95

Professional agencies such as the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists and the American Society of Radiologic Technologists publish documents that have an inherent element requiring problem solving and critical thinking. Which of the following are such documents?

code of ethics and practice standards

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96

What agency publishes the document that requires radiologic science programs to assess the problem-solving and critical thinking skills of their students?

Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology

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97

The textbook specifically mentions a key to mastering critical thinking. What is it?

extend learning beyond memorization of the concepts of the profession

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98

Which of the following are considered potential questions to ask when attempting to work through identifying and/or clarifying the problem during problem solving and critical thinking?

  1. Is there a problem?.

  2. What is the problem?

  3. Whose responsibility is it to solve the problem?

1,2,&3

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99

Which of the following are considered potential questions to ask when attempting to undertake an objective examination of the problem during problem solving and critical thinking?

  1. What are the key elements of the problem?

  2. Who or what may be affected by this problem?

  3. Will more than one solution or type of solution be needed?

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100

Which of the following are considered potential questions to ask when attempting to work through considering and developing all viable solutions to the problem during problem solving and critical thinking?

Are decisions objective and based on professional knowledge, ethics, and standards How will these professional standards be applied and modified to fit the unique situation presented by the problem

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