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Orenburg

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120 Terms

1

Orenburg

close to the west side of the border of Kazakhstan

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2

Odessa

On the south part of ukraine bordering the black sea

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3

East Germany

After WWII, Germany was divided into two countries, this part was communist in government and had a command economy

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4

Crimea

Peninsula in the extreme southern Ukraine in the Black Sea.

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5

Perm, Russia

close to the Ural mountains to the middle left of the entire country

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6

Artic ocean

the ocean on top of Russia

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7

Kyrgystan

borders the bottom right of Kazakhstan

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8

Poznan, Poland

top left of Russia

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9

Tbilisi

Capital of Georgia

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10

Baikonur

Kazakhstan rocket launch site on top of Uzbekistan

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11

Anadyr

the furthest north east you can get on Russia's penis

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12

Novaya Zemlya

The shite snake top left of russia in the ocean

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13

Mongolia

the big country thats below russia but isnt Kazakhstan

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14

Carpathian Mountains

A mountain range in central Europe that extends from Slovakia and southern Poland southeastward through western Ukraine to northeastern Romania.

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15

Kharkov

top right of Ukraine

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16

Voronezh

bottom left of russia close to Ukraine

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17

Kazakhstan

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18

Amur River

Forms the border between Russia and China in the bottom left of Russia horizontally

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19

Ussuri River

another border between russia and china running vertically on the map

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20

Kaliningrad

Polands hat

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21

Barents Sea

the part of the Arctic Ocean north of Norway and Russia

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22

Afganistan

below tajikistan and the other stans

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23

Uzbekistan

the country to the left of Kazakstan below it

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24

Poland

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25

Sea of Okhotsk

encompassed by the penis and japan

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26

Stavropol

major city north of Georgia

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27

Chernobyl

north of the Dnepr river top right of Ukraine

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28

Black Sea

borders Georgia, turkey and Ukraine

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29

Azerbaidzhan

next to Georgia and the Caspian sea

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30

Baku

Capital of Azerbaijan on the little spike

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31

Vilnius

Capital of Lithuania bottom left

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32

Chechnya

Georgia's hat

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33

Armenia

borders both Georgia and Azerbaijan

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34

Sverdlovsk

is now Ekaterinburg

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35

Olenegorsk

City on the sack of Scandinavia

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36

Norway

the cock

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37

Tadzhikistan

borders the bottom of Kyrgyzstan

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38

Donbass

Region in Eastern Ukraine.

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39

Khrushchev

Stalin's successor as head of the Communist Party; was more open in his dealings with the West and less menacing; also not as paranoid and secretive as Stalin; was said to believe in peaceful coexistence with the West and challenged the west in economic rather than military competition; helped Fidel Castro. 1953-1964 lead behind the scenes with Malenkov as his figurehead. Promises china a nuke. Was the best Russian Leader made food plentiful, space race, man of the year, respected by the American public.

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40

Secret Speech

Feb 1956 speech from Khrushchev denouncing Stalin's purges and reading lenins real final testament ended up causing riots in Stalin's home country of Georgia

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41

GULag

in the Soviet Union, a system of forced labor camps in which millions of criminals and political prisoners were held under Stalin. Weren't fully dissolved after Stalin's death but largely reduced by Khrushchev

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42

One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1962) details his time in the gulag during 1945-1954 2/3 people who lived through the prison take place in Perm I'm pretty sure. Was a metaphor for the USSR as a whole every professional and citizen could relate to the captivity Solzhenitsyn experienced

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43

Solzhenitsyn

after college went straight into the military as artillery officer. Was convicted for writing letters to his friend on the front line critiquing Stalin

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44

Invasion of Hungary

Soviet Invasion of Hungary. On October 23, 1956, a Budapest student rally in support of Polish efforts to win autonomy from the Soviet Union sparked mass demonstrations.

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45

Korolev

Sergei Korolev was the lead rocket designer for the Soviet union made the sputnik 1

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46

Sputnik

First artificial Earth satellite, it was launched by Moscow in October 1957 and sparked U.S. fears of Soviet dominance in technology and outer space. It led to the creation of NASA and the space race. Sputnik launched the dog into space in Nov 1957

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47

Semyorka

Rocket that the Soviets use to this day made in may 15 1957.

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48

Cuban Missile Crisis

The 1961-1962 confrontation between the US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba. Soviets put missiles in Cuba we didn't like it. Bay of pigs happens our CIA agents are captured. Krushchev thinks JFK is weak. Bomb-dropping scare tactics. Oct 22 1961 Kennedy quarantined Cuba. U-2 bomber shot down Oct 27th. Soviet submarine wanted to launch a nuke at our destroyers but didn't. Khrushchev pulls missiles out to avoid war. Oct 26, 1962. we pull our missiles out of turkey but never say.

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49

Test Ban treaty

A treaty that albeit ended the arms race, it prohibited the testing of any nuclear weapons anywhere. Moscow Washington hotline put in place Aug 5 1963

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50

Brezhnev

Soviet Dictator from 1964 to 1982; brought an end to the Cold War, instituted his doctrine of intervention in Eastern Europe; invaded Afghanistan in 1979 Khrushchev lost his position lost his job since the a bombs got leaked to the Chinese and he took his spot.

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51

Nomenklatura

Politically sensitive or influential jobs in the state, society, or economy that were staffed by people chosen or approved by the Communist Party. they had cars and houses and could vacation.

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52

The Liberators

The story of Viktor Suvorov and details the ineptitude of the Soviet military 1968

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53

Invasion of Czechoslovakia

On August 20-21, 1968, the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), Hungary and Poland invaded the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic in order to halt Alexander Dubček's Prague Spring political liberalization reforms. The Soviet Union no longer had fears of revolutions in Czechoslovakia. the Czechs didn't fight back so hard

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54

Viktor Suvorov

Actually Vladamir Bogdanovich Rezun 1947-present. Born in Soviet Far East. Dad was an officer. Attended Suvorov Military school and Voronezh and Kalinin 1957-1964. Went to Kiev Tank Higher Command School 1964-1967. 287th training motor rifle division 1967-1968. 24th motor rifle "Iron" division 1968-1970. Selected to work with Spetsnaz 1970-1971. GRU 1971-1978. Viktor Suvorov Alias: wrote "The Third World War" 1979. Became an author to support family after defection. Purposely left out family in book to protect them. Chooses name of great Russian general Alexander V Suvorov 1729-1800. Emulated Russian writer Leo N Tolstoy 1828-1910. Lower rank = more reliable. Higher up = worse of a person.

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55

Soyuz

manned soviet rockets the first one slammed into the earf, the 11th asphixiated the crew, were used to make the first space stations

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56

Moon Race

Race between Russia and US to make the most planetary discoveries by Russia first launching space unit and Us having first man on the moon 1968 we made it to the moon first since we had computers. Soviets didnt use computers since they thought the folk would defect or be fvcky

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57

Detente

relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China

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58

SALT 1 Treaty

In 1972, the United States and Soviet Union signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT). They agreed to stop making nuclear ballistic missiles and to reduce the number of antiballistic missiles in their arsenals. We produced nukes with a bunch of nukes in them to bypass it

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59

Sino Soviet Border Conflict

March 1969 small scale fight between two nuclear powers Mao chooses to back off since they could end the world if they kept fighting. Blamed it on a fellow politician Lin Piao.

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60

Patrice Lumumba University

1961 Moscow. Produced many radical leaders, revolutionists, and terrorists. Rohanna Wijeweera (guerilla leader, Sri LAnka). Timoleon Jimenez (FARC commander, Colombia). Ilich Ramirez Sanchez (terrorist, Venezuela). Mahmoud Abbas (Fatah, president, Palestinian authority). Ayatollan Ali Khamenei (Supreme leader, Iran). Introduced to educate terrorists on being better terrorists. Named after Patrice who was a Congolese independence leader.

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61

Terrorism

The USSR sponsored terrorist in recently freed countries. Breznev did this intentionally to sever ties that could form between the US and the newly freed countries

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62

SALT II Treaty

Was signed in June 1979, when President Carter met with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev in Vienna. This agreement limited the levels of lethal strategic weapons in the Soviet and American arsenals. The Senate still saw the Soviet Union as the Wicked Witch of the East, so when it came to Senate for debate, they brutally carved into it. Political earthquakes in the petroleum-rich afghani region finally buried all hopes of ratifying this treaty. Carter pulls out of the treaty in 1980 and deploys missiles again

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63

Soviet Afghan War

(1979-1989) a conflict in which the Soviet Union supported a communist government in Afghanistan and the United States supported rebels known as the Mujahideen. A futile war on Afghanistan. The geography and diversity of people living in the country with access to military equipment made it difficult for the Russians to do anything

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64

Andropov

1982-1984 Served after Breznevs heart attacks and strokes made him retire and die. He was ex-KGB and during Brezhnev's rule towards the end, he puppeted him. Started the anti-alcohol campaign in April 1983. Was the leader during Russia's stagnation and dies pretty quickly from kidney failure on Feb 9, 1984. Cherenkov takes his spot.

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65

Chernenko

1984-1985 after Andropov dies, this corpse takes his place and serves his time in a hospital just as Andropov did prior. They propped him up in his pictures but he was practically a vegetable. he dies in march 1985 and was in office for 3 months

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66

Gorbachev

Leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. Wanting reform, he renounced the Brezhnev Doctrine, pulled troops out of Afghanistan, supported Glasnost, and urged perestroika. Was put in place since everyone else sucked in comparison since they were held together by Elmer's glue. Western countries liked him a lot since he would sign any document put in front of him. Russians hated him since he was the leader that ended the soviet union. Switched the permanent war economy to regular capitalism. Cleaned the house of all the old rats even the ones that voted he be put in place.

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67

Glasnost

1986 A policy of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev called for more openness with the nations of the West, and a relaxing of restraints on Soviet citizenry. No more terrorism funding no more AKs. Addressed ethics issues ecology, feminism, and party corruption.

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68

perestroika

law on state enterprise in July 1987 promoted companies' tourism, services, and consumer goods production but ended up causing unemployment to skyrocket since all the jobs making tanks were gone. everyone used to have a forced job now many were without one and turned to drugs and alcohol.

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69

Reykjavik Summit

In October 1986 called for ICBMs to be eliminated and a 50% cut to strategic nukes. no StarWars. No deal was made since Reagan wanted the space force.

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70

INF Treaty

Reagan and Gorbachev signed this treaty, which provided for the dismantling of all intermediate-range nuclear weapons in Russia and all of Europe. Considered by some to be Reagan's single most important piece of foreign policy. December 1987

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71

August Coup

August 18, 1991; Hardline Communists attempt to overthrow Gorbachev after he allowed all the countries of the Warsaw pact to vote themselves out of the union. Yeltsin takes his spot after being voted out of office for being a bad drunk earlier. Leads into the Time of troubles shit gets bad USSR is shafted for a while after .

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72

What was the nature and course of the succession struggle when Stalin Died?

Beria KGB guy, Zhukov general man, and Malenkov/ Zhdanov party guys were next up to take Stalin's place. Zhdanov drinks himself to death in Aug 31, 1948 he was who Stalin wanted after him. Zhukov is discharged from MGB, they plant Loot in his house and gets him demoted to a place in the Urals Jan 1948. Stalin dies March 9 1953. Malenkov is put in place as a false leader at first and is being piloted by Khrushchev who was tight with zhukov. Zhukov hated Beria for turning Stalin against him and helps Khrushchev get Beria arrested and slain in june 1953.

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73

Why did the East Germans rise up in the summer of 1953?

It began with a worker's strike of the declining living standards post-Sovietization of east Germany. Food was scarce and workers had to constantly work overtime with the new 10% rule. Ended when the tanks rolled in.

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74

How did Kruschev take Power?

He was one of Stalins close advisers but was not at the top of the list of people that would lead after stalin. Everyone liked malenkov but he was weak. krushchev took advantage of this by forming a coalition of politicians to force malenkov to relinquish his power. This lead to the formation of the 5 man secretariat sept 1953 and Krushchev was included. He then pushed malenkov out, he became the minister of electricity and replaced him with Nikolai bulganin in feb 1955. He fully took power in may 1955.

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75

What were Krushchev's initial domestic policy?

Campaign of Abundance: private plots, volunteer workers are allowed to work the fields and work their way up the proletariat ladder. Increased production of household goods "Iowa plan" got hybrid seeds from bob Garst to grow better crops. Was anti-Stalin and never wanted another Holodomor to happen. Krokodil magazine was put in place which opened the door for political criticism and citizens could read American magazines.

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76

what was Krushchev's initial foreign policy?

He wanted peaceful coexistence with the west. Soviet Nato warsaw pact may 1955 satellite states were grouped together against Nato. Yugoslavian reconciliation jun 1955 allowed them back into the union. Also allowed the olympics to take place in the union again

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77

What were the Characteristics of the Soviet GULag?

You would work for years everyday in the cold of siberia most of the time with little to eat, little rest, and gaurds that hate you. 2/3rds make it through the gulag. They had small bunks and would mine uranium or log.

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78

What are the Key themes of One day in the life of Ivan Denisovich?

Struggle of Dignity: Living conditions are awful and the prisons are made to attack the prisoners physical and spiritual well being. Prisoners are given a number for their letters and numbers for their name so they have no individuality, they have to strip in the cold for daily body searches. Shukov rejects the attempts to dehumanize him by keeping to set rules like taking his hat off at meal time and never begging to keep his humanity.

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79

Unjust punishment: Many of the people in the camps have been convicted for very minor things like Shukov being captured for writing letters to his buddy. Even really small things in the camp like being sick or wearing a vest against the cold gets you thrown in the hole. There were really harsh punishments for really no good reason other than to exercise the absolute right to punish those in the camp.

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80

Faith: Alyoshaka says to shukov that hes only making it through the gulag because of his faith. He says to shukhov to pursue spirituality rather than physicality giving shukhov a different perspective that he keeps for the rest of his time in the gulag which was talked about in the last paragraph.

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81

What was the correlation of forces in 1956?

Most of the world was still of the Americans side including everyone with a good economy, so the Soviets had to come up with something against that. Kruchev looked to the third world since they were easily swayed. Made deals with India, egypt, veitnam and china. Gave everyone aks and old tanks and shite.

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82

How did the Soviet and satellite state peoples react to the Secret Speech?

Georgia revolted since stalin was their guy in march 1956. Stalingrad switches to volgagrad. Thats all I got.

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83

Why did the Hungarians revolt? how did that fighting relate to the concurrent Suez crisis, and what Resulted?

The people of hungary revolted because they had no political freedom like voting or free speech, they had the Radio free europe reporting how nice the outside world was and they chose to do something about it. They topple stalins statue in budapest in oct 1956, soviets kinda suck and cant stop the revolution so they leave for a couple days to go fix the problems going on by the Suez canal where egypt was trying to keep it for itself and took it from the british and french. Eisenhower takes the canal back but gives it tothe egyptians to ease tension. Russians put in a puppet leader after thinking about going to fix problems at the canal. Hungary is puppeted, egypt has the canal.

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84

Why and how did the Soviets dominate the early space race?

Warner von Braun was our guy he was an ex-Nazi. They had Tsiokovsky and he was the best rocket dude ever he invented the semyorka which is still used to this day. They make the First ICBM aug 21 1957, sputnik on oct 4 1957 and the first dog/ape/human. All of our rocket designs explode like the vanguard on dec 1957. Eisenhower calls up the nazi to get the show on the road we couldn't get anything going. Nixon was humiliated.

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85

How did Kruschev exploit Soviet space successes at home and abroad?

Krushchev was the man of the year in 1957 for the success of his rockets. He both spread fear and respect for himself among the American populace doing victory tours. He held some corn in that one picture and he was smiling. cemented his power and respect at home everyone liked him.

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86

What happened when Khrushchev went to china in 1959? Why?

Relations deteriorated between russia and china since russians wouldnt give Mao his GD bomb and also some border problems with india and china not being handled well, china warmed up towards the us more.

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87

Why did the USSR place missiles in Cuba in 1962?

They wanted a strategic missile site to bomb the US if need be. We had put Missiles in turkey in 1961 to have a better way of bombing the USSR.

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88

What did the U.S do when the Soviet deployed missiles in Cuba? Why was it Successful?

We established a blockade which quarantines cuba which only let oil tankers in which halted the production of missile sites but they were completed in time as some ships were disguised as oil tankers .

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89

Why did both the USA and the USSR choose to avoid nuclear war in 1962?

With the way things were going it was certain someone was going to end the world. There were too many close calls like the U-2 plane being shot down over the USSR oct 27 1961 and the submarine wanting to lanch a nuke at our destroyers in 1962. Officially missiles are pulled out of cuba in October that year, we pull ours out but never say. Hotline is put in place and there's a limited test ban summer of 1963

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90

Why was Khrushchev removed?

Khrushchev lost his job since he let the a bomb plans get leaked to the Chinese, the first Chinese a bombs were made in oct 1964. Also people were fighting over bread since farming production dropped 30 million tons in 1963 from a bad harvest.

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91

What were Breznev's policies at home and abroad?

had the nomenklatura of 1965 put in place and had high-ranking trusted folk run the country basically. Also supported revolutions in veitnam, the congo, and indonesia. Sustain the economy by building up the army instead of building rocket.

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92

What were the characteristics of life in the Soviet Army in 1968?

The army was lead by a bunch of freaks that had no idea what they were doing, same with their underlings. They had dudes driving around at the bottom of the dnepr river for like 30 minutes without a clue how to get out. Soliders would mix up the fuel types and destroy machinery. They had a dirty take over of the czechs due to awful leadership.

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93

Why did the USSR invade Czechoslovakia?

buffer zone might be under threat

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94

Dubeck's reforms had gone too far

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95

the West was preoccupied with the Vietnam War and elections

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96

What happened in Czechoslovakia when the USSR invaded? Why?

They didnt fight back much they didnt have an army to fight back with it was just a bunch of kids that were leading the "prague spring"

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97

The Soviet Union notched all the major space firsts. Why didn't the USSR's record of success continue?

All of the previous soviet wins were largely due to the semyorka, but we made the Saturn V with the Nazi which was launched in 1967. They wouldnt buck up and use computers like us since they were afraid that their astronauts would defect to the us by changing the trajectory of their rocket. Korolev the chief rocket guy dies in a botched circ and VN chelomey takes his spot and he sucks.

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98

How and why did the Soviets lose the moon Race?

Chief rocket guy(Korolev) gets rust cock, they dont use computers they didnt have the nazi we had the nazi.

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99

Once the Soviets lost the moon race, how did they restructure their space program?

They structured their program around space stations instead they had successful space stations with their Soyuz Jan 1969. While we landed on the moon in july 1969 they had the space station that we couldnt replicate since we were busy on the moon.

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100

What did the Soviets want from nuclear arms control treaties?

Soviets wanted a reduction of nukes on the american side, Nixon old tricky dick invents the MIRV to by pass the treaties in 1972

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