ENGMAN MIDTERMS MOD 3 PART 1

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Human Resource Management

1 / 114

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

115 Terms

1

Human Resource Management

It is concerned with obtaining and maintaining of a satisfactory and satisfied workforce.

New cards
2

Human Resource Management

It is a specialized branch of management concerned with Man Management.

New cards
3

Human Resource Management

It’s objective is to create and promote team spirit among workers and managers.

New cards
4

Production Management

It refers to planning, organizing, direction, coordination, and control of production function.

New cards
5

a. Product planning and development

b. Plant location, layout and maintenance

c. Production systems and machines

d. Management of purchase and storage of materials

e. Ensuring effective production control.

Production Management Involves the following:

New cards
6

Office Management

Defined as the organization of an office in order to achieve a specified purpose and to make the best use of the personnel by using the most appropriate machines and equipment.

New cards
7

Financial Management

It is the study of relationship between the raising of funds and the development of funds.

New cards
8

- Capital budgeting cost of capital

- Portfolio management

- Dividend policy

- Short and long term sources of finance.

Financial Management Subject matter

New cards
9

Top-Level Managers

The board of directors, president, vice-president, and CEO

New cards
10

Top-Level Managers

Responsible for controlling and overseeing the entire organization.

New cards
11

Top-Level Managers

play a significant role in the mobilization of outside resources.

New cards
12

Top-Level Managers

Develop goals, strategic plans, company policies, and make decisions on the direction of the business.

New cards
13

Top-Level Managers

accountable to the shareholders and general public.

New cards
14

Middle-Level Managers

General managers, branch managers, and department manager.

New cards
15

- Executing organizational plans

- Defining and discussing information and policies

- Inspiring and providing guidance

Middle-Level Manager Roles:

New cards
16

- Designing and implementing effective group work.

- Defining and monitoring group-level performance indicators

- Diagnosing and resolving problems

- Designing and implementing reward systems

Middle-Level Manager Functions:

New cards
17

Low-Level Managers

Supervisors, section leads, and foremen

New cards
18

- Assigning employees tasks

- Guiding and supervising employees

- Ensuring the quality and quantity of production

- Making recommendations and suggestions

- Up-Channeling employee problems

Low-Level Manager Responsibility:

New cards
19

- Basic supervision

- Motivation

- Career planning

- Performance Feedback

- Staff supervision

Low-Level Manager Functions:

New cards
20

It is the most important activity in managing an organization.

New cards
21

Planning

Provides a methodological way of achieving desired results

New cards
22

Planning

Involves anticipating future trends and determining the best strategies and tactics to achieve organizational objectives.

New cards
23

Planning

Selection and sequential ordering of tasks required to accomplish the goals.

New cards
24

Planning

Selecting the best course of action so that the desired result may be achieved.

New cards
25

Top management level

Middle management level

Lower management level

Planning activities undertaken at various levels

New cards
26

Top management level

strategic planning

New cards
27

Middle management level

intermediate planning

New cards
28

Lower management level

operational planning.

New cards
29

Strategic Planning

Process of determining the major goals of the organization and the policies and strategies for obtaining and using resources to achieve those goals

New cards
30

Intermediate Planning

Process of determining the contributions that sub-units can make with allocated resources

New cards
31

Operational Planning

Process of determining how specific tasks can be accomplished on time with available resources

New cards
32

Goal

Precise statement of results sought, quantified in time and magnitude, where possible

New cards
33

STEP 1. SETTING ORGANIZATIONAL, DIVISIONAL OR UNIT GOALS

The first task of the engineer manager is to provide a sense of direction to his firm, division, or unit.

New cards
34

STEP 2. DEVELOPING STRATEGIES OR TACTICS TO REACH GOALS

Devise some means to realize the goals.

New cards
35

Strategies

Ways to realize goals

New cards
36

Strategies

- Course of action aimed at ensuring the organization will achieve its objectives

New cards
37

Tactic

Short-term action taken by management to adjust to negative internal or external influences

New cards
38

STEP 3. DETERMINING RESOURCES NEEDED

Process of determining the human and non human resources required by such.

New cards
39

STEP 4. SETTING STANDARDS

Standards for measuring performance may be set at the planning stage.

New cards
40

Standard

Quantitative or qualitative measuring device designed to help monitor the performances of people, capital goods, or processes.

New cards
41

Marketing Plan

Document for implementing and controlling an organization’s marketing activities related to a particular marketing strategy.

New cards
42

Production Plan

Document that states the quantity of output a company must produce in broad terms and by product family.

New cards
43

Financial Plan

Document that summarizes the current financial situation of the firm, analyzes financial needs, and recommends a direction for financial activities.

New cards
44

Human Resource Management Plan

Document that indicates the human resource needs of a company detailed in terms of quantity and quality.

New cards
45

Short-range plans

these are plans intended to cover a period of less than one year. First-line supervisors are mostly concerned with these plans.

New cards
46

Long-range plans

these are plans covering a time span of more than one year. These are mostly undertaken by middle and top management.

New cards
47

Standing plans

are plans that are used again and again, and they focus on managerial situations that recur repeatedly. i.e., Policies, Procedures and Rules.

New cards
48

Single-use plans

plans are specifically developed to implement courses of action that are relatively unique and are unlikely to be repeated. i.e., Budgets, Programs, and Projects

New cards
49

Organizing

It is undertaken to facilitate the implementation of plans.

New cards
50

Organizing

Refers to the structuring of resources and activities to accomplish objectives in an efficient and effective manner.

New cards
51

Structure

Arrangement or relationship of position within an organization.

New cards
52

Formal Organization

An organization is formed after a plan is adapted in order to carry out the activities indicated in the plan.

New cards
53

- Organization Chart

- Organizational Manual

- Policy Manuals

Formal Structure is described by management through

New cards
54

Formal Organization

The structure that details lines of responsibilities, authority, and position

New cards
55

Informal Groups

There are instances when members of an organization spontaneously form a group with friendship as a principal reason for belonging.

New cards
56

Informal Groups

Vulnerable to expediency, manipulation, and opportunism

New cards
57

Informal Groups

Spontaneously form a group with friendship as a principal reason for belonging.

New cards
58

Functional Organization

This is a form of departmentalization in which everyone engaged in one functional activity, such as engineering or marketing, is grouped into one unit.

New cards
59

Product or Market Organization

This refers to the organization of a company by divisions that brings together all those involved with a certain type of product or customer.

New cards
60

Matrix Organization

An organizational structure in which each employee reports to both a functional or division manager and to a project or group manager.

New cards
61

Functional Organization

Very effective in smaller firms especially in single-business firms where key activities revolve around well-defined skills and areas of specialization.

New cards
62

● Grouping of employees who perform a common task permit economies of scale and efficient resource use.

● Decision-making is centralized, providing a unified direction from the top.

● Communication and coordination among employees within each department are excellent.

● Promotes high-quality technical problem-solving.

● Organization is provided with in depth skill specialization and development.

● Employees are provided with career progress within functional departments.

FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION ADVANTAGES

New cards
63

● Communication and coordination between the departments are often poor.

● Decisions involving more than one department pile up at the top management level and are often delayed

● Work specialization and division of labor,Difficult to identify which section or group is responsible for certain problems.

● limited view of organizational goals by employees.

● limited general management training for employees.

FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION DISADVANTAGES

New cards
64

Product or Market Organization

Appropriate for a large corporation with many product lines in several related industries.

New cards
65

● Flexible and responsive to change.

● Provides a high concern for customer’s needs.

● Provides excellent coordination across functional departments.

● Emphasis on overall product and division goals.

● Opportunity for the development of general management skills is provided.

PRODUCT OR MARKET ORGANIZATION ADVANTAGES

New cards
66

● High possibility of duplication of resources across divisions.

● Less technical depth and specialization in divisions.

● Poor coordination across divisions.

● Less top management control.

● Competition for corporate resources.

PRODUCT OR MARKET ORGANIZATION DISADVANTAGES

New cards
67

Matrix Organization

A structure with two or more channels of command, two lines of budget authority, and two sources of performance and reward.

New cards
68

Matrix Organization

Designed to keep employees in a central pool

New cards
69

● Efficient use of resources than the divisional structure.

● Flexibility and adaptability to changing environment.

● Development of both general and functional management skills

● Interdisciplinary cooperation and any expertise is available to all divisions.

● Enlarged tasks for employees which motivate them better.

MATRIX ORGANIZATION ADVANTAGES

New cards
70

● Frustration and confusion from dual chain of command.

● High conflict between divisional and functional interests.

● Many meetings and more discussion than action. 4.

● Need for human relations training for key employees and managers.

● Tendency for power dominance by one side of the matrix.

MATRIX ORGANIZATION DISADVANTAGES

New cards
71

Line Authority

Staff Authority

Functional Authority

TYPES OF AUTHORITY

New cards
72

Line Authority

a manager’s right to tell subordinates what to do and then see that they are doing their tasks.

New cards
73

Staff Authority

a staff specialist’s right to give advice to a superior.

New cards
74

Functional Authority

a specialist’s right to oversee lower level personnel involved in that specialty,

New cards
75

Line Department

Perform tasks that reflect the organization’s primary goal

New cards
76

Staff Departments

All those that provide specialized skills in support of line departments.

New cards
77

Personal Staff

Individuals assigned to a specific manager to provide needed staff services.

New cards
78

Specialized Staff

Individuals providing needed staff services for the whole organization.

New cards
79

Functional Authority

Given to a person or a work group to make decisions related to their expertise.

New cards
80

Staffing

Upon establishment of an organizational structure, the next step is to fill up the identified positions with the most qualified persons available.

New cards
81

Effective Staffing

places the engineering organization on a competitive stance.

New cards
82

Staffing

Management function that determines human resources needs, recruits, selects, trains, and develops human resources for jobs created by an organization

New cards
83

1. Human Resource Planning

2. Recruitment

3. Selection

4. Induction and Orientation

5. Training and Development

6. Performance Appraisal

7. Employment Decisions

8. Separations

Staffing Procedure

New cards
84

STEP 1. HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING

Planned output of any organization will require a systematic deployment of human resources at various levels.

New cards
85

Forecasting

Assessment of future human resource needs

New cards
86

Programming

Translating the forecasted human resource needs to personnel objectives and goals.

New cards
87

Evaluation and Control

Monitoring human resource action plans and evaluating their success.

New cards
88

Time Series Methods

Use historical data to develop forecasts of the future.

New cards
89

Explanatory or Causal Methods

attempts to identify the major variables that are related to or have caused particular past conditions

New cards
90

Regression Models

Econometric Models

Leading Indicators

Types of Explanatory, or Causal Methods

New cards
91

Monitoring Methods

Provide early warning signals of significant changes

New cards
92

STEP 2. RECRUITMENT

Refers to attracting qualified persons to apply for vacant positions.

New cards
93

STEP 3. SELECTION

Act of choosing from those that are available the individuals most likely to succeed on the job.

New cards
94

● Psychological Tests

● Physical Examination

Types of Selection Test

New cards
95

STEP 4. INDUCTION AND ORIENTATION

After an applicant is finally selected and subsequently hired

New cards
96

Induction

New employee is provided with the necessary information about the company

New cards
97

Orientation

New employee is introduced to the immediate working environment and co-workers.

New cards
98

STEP 5. TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT

Refers to the learning that is provided in order to improve performance on the present job.

New cards
99

Training Programs for Non-managers

To increase skill and knowledge to perform a particular job

New cards
100

Training and Educational Programs for Executives

Decision-making Skills, Interpersonal Skills, Job Knowledge, and Organizational Knowledge.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 101 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 47 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 33 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 61 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard27 terms
studied byStudied by 35 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 124 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(6)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 33 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard61 terms
studied byStudied by 32 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard59 terms
studied byStudied by 117 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)
flashcards Flashcard39 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 413 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)