jepp ch 2

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Fuselage

1 / 174

Tags and Description

175 Terms

1

Fuselage

Body of plane, typically houses cabin and cockpit

New cards
2

Wings

Attached to fuselage. Front of wing is Leading Edge, back of wing is Trailing Edge. Contains aircraft's fuel supply.

New cards
3

Ailerons

On trailing edge of wings (away from me)

New cards
4

Flaps

Increases lift and drag, on leading edge of wings (facing me)

New cards
5

What happens to the ailerons when you turn the wheel to the right?

The right aileron goes up, the left one goes down.

New cards
6

Empennage

Consists of the fin (the vertical stabilizer), the rudder, horizontal stabilizer, and elevator

New cards
7

Rudder

Helps moves plane's nose left and right

New cards
8

Elevators

Helps move plane's nose up and down

New cards
9

How much does fuel weigh?

6lbs a gallon

New cards
10

How much fuel can the engine hold?

7qts

New cards
11

What does oil do for the engine?

Cleans, cools, and keeps stuff moist

New cards
12

Dipstick should at least be:

6

New cards
13

Trim devices

Attached to the edges of control devices like elevators. Some types of trim devices are anti-servo tabs, trim tabs, ground adjustable tabs, and balance tabs

New cards
14

Landing gear

Supports airplane & absorbs landing loads. Either nosewheel (wheel at front) or tailwheel (wheel at back)

New cards
15

Rear-mounted wheel

Called "conventional" landing gear

New cards
16

Fixed gear

Always remains extended, has advantage of simplicity combined with low cost.

New cards
17

Retractable gear

Can be retracted inside aircraft during cruising flight, reduces drag

New cards
18

What landing gear do most higher performance airplanes have?

Retractable

New cards
19

Oleo Strut

Most widely used type of strut, it is an air-oil shock absorber

New cards
20

Powerplant

Consists of engine and propeller in small airplanes.

New cards
21

Firewall

Located between engine compartment & cock pit, protects aircraft occupants from fire of engine

New cards
22

Propellor

Usually two-bladed, translates rotational force of engine into "THRUST"

New cards
23

Thrust

Foward-acting force, moves airplane through air

New cards
24

Pilot's operating handbook (POH)

Can find info on nearly every make & model of airplanes

New cards
25

Approved flight manual (AFM)

FAA requires all airplanes to be equipped with AFM for each respective airplane

New cards
26

Air Worthiness Certificate

Must be in airplane where passengers can see it

New cards
27

For your plane to be airworthy, an AMT must perform:

Annual inspection, 100-hour inspection, more required inspections, AND make logbook entries approving aircraft for return to service.

New cards
28

Inspections every 12 calendar months:

Annual, emergency locater transmitter (ELT)

New cards
29

Inspection every 24 calendar months:

Transponder

New cards
30

FAR 91.205

REQUIRED AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS

New cards
31

Minimum Equipment List (MEL)

Determines what is required to dispatch an aircraft when a system or piece of equipment is inoperative.

New cards
32

Kinds of operating list (KOEL)

Aircraft manufacturers may include additional required items and specify them in this list

New cards
33

Airworthiness Directives (ADs)

Legally enforcable rules governed by FAR part 39, requires correction of unsafe conditions found in an airplane, an airplane engine, a propeller, or an appliance

New cards
34

Semi-monocoque

Stressed skin structure, carries some flight loads

New cards
35

Monocoque

With little or no internal framework, carries all flight loads

New cards
36

Turbine Engine

Relatively costly but extremely powerful, it is in most large passenger carrying airplanes

New cards
37

Reciprocating Engine

More economical, but still very reliable

New cards
38

Turboprop, turbojet

Turbine engines

New cards
39

Radial, horizontally opposed

Reciprocating engines

New cards
40

Four-Stroke Operating Cycle

Intake, compression, power, exhaust. It is basic process of converting chemical energy in fuel into mechanical energy.

New cards
41

Difference between turbine and reciprocating engine?

Turbine engine uses same steps in operating cycle but all four events occur simultaneously

New cards
42

Throttle

Controls engine power by regulating amount of air/fuel mixture that flows into cylinders

New cards
43

Mixture

Controls fuel/air ratio

New cards
44

Carburetor

Mixes incoming air with fuel and delivers it to the combustion chamber

New cards
45

Intake ports

Normally contains air filter that inhibits entry of dust and other foreign objects

New cards
46

Carburetor Icing

When moisture in the air freezes in the carburetor, blocking air from entering. Turn on carb heat.

New cards
47

How to tell if carburetor icing has occurred:

Loss of RPM

New cards
48

Carburetor Heat

Can combat icing, but causes slight decrease in engine power

New cards
49

fuel injection system

More consistent than in engines with carburetors

New cards
50

What are some pros of fuel injection systems?

Increased engine efficiency, offers lower fuel consumption, increased horsepower, lower operating temperature, and increased engine life.

New cards
51

What are some cons of fuel injection systems?

Increased sensitivity to fuel contaminants, more complex starting procedure when engine is hot

New cards
52

Supercharged and turbocharged systems

Enables an engine to produce sea-level performances—even at high altitudes

New cards
53

Supercharger

Usually fuel injected, compresses the incoming air using a pump driven by the engine

New cards
54

Turbocharger

Usually fuel injected, more efficient than supercharger because it pressurizes air using a mechanism driven by engine exhaust gases, which would otherwise be vented overboard

New cards
55

Ignition system

Provides a spark that ignites the fuel-air mixture in the cylinders. Made up of magnetos, spark plugs, interconnecting wires, and ignition switch.

New cards
56

Magnetos

Engine-driven unit that supplies electric current to the spark plugs, generates electrical current by itself

New cards
57

Ignition switch

Labeled off, right, left, or both. Can choose to only use left or right magnetos.

New cards
58

Abnormal combustion

Also called detonation, occurs when flame does NOT spread evenly and smoothly through cylinder's combustion chamber. Causes excessive temperatures and pressures which can quickly lead to failure of the piston, cylinder, or valves.

New cards
59

When does detonation occur?

Happens any time you allow the engine to overheat or if you use a lower than recommended fuel-grade

New cards
60

100-hour inspection

Conducted every 100 hours of flight on aircraft that are used to carry passengers for hire or for flight instruction.

New cards
61

When are you allowed to be late for your 100-hour inspection?

If your airplane is going to maintenance, and you have 10 hours to do that.

New cards
62

Preignition

Occurs when fuel/air mixture is ignited in advance of the normal timed ignition; caused by a residual hot spot on a cylinder.

New cards
63

How to fix detonation?

Help cool engine by retarding throttle (reducing engine output) and by climbing at lower rate.

New cards
64

How to fix preignition?

Help cool engine by retarding throttle (reducing engine output), enriching the mixture, and or lowering nose altitude.

New cards
65

Fuel-Pump System

Found in light airplanes with fuel-injection systems to provide sufficient pressure to injector nozzles.

New cards
66

Fuel Pressure Gauge

Detects fuel pump malfunctions

New cards
67

Vapor lock

Difficult and/or impossible to restart the engine, occurs when high engine temperatures causes bubbles of fuel vapor to form

New cards
68

Gravity-feed system

High-wing carburetors typically have these; fuel flows by force of gravity from the fuel tanks to the engine

New cards
69

Pitot Pressure

Used by airspeed only.

New cards
70

Pilot controlled variables that influence lift:

Airspeed, angle of attack

New cards
71

Non-pilot controlled variables that influence lift:

Air density, wind

New cards
72

Vs or Vs⁰

Stall speed (dirty)

New cards
73

Vs¹

Stall speed (clean), flaps and gears retracted

New cards
74

Vfe

Maximum flap extended speed

New cards
75

Vno

Maximum structural cruising speed (normal operating)

New cards
76

Vne

"Never exceed" speed, can result in damage or structural failure.

New cards
77

Va

Max speed without possibility of causing damage, but changes with weight!

New cards
78

Vle

Should not be exceeded when landing gear is extended

New cards
79

Vlo

Max speed at which you can raise or lower landing gear

New cards
80

Why does an airplane stall?

Because it's exceeded the critical angle of attack (16°-18°)

New cards
81

Main battery alternator?

BAT 2

New cards
82

What is the cooldown of a circuit breaker?

2 minutes and you're able to reset

New cards
83

What should you do if you and another airplane are about to have a head-on collision?

Turn right

New cards
84

When do most airplanes stall?

At higher speeds

New cards
85

Fuel tanks

Located in wings, contains air vents that regulate inside air pressure to outside air pressure

New cards
86

Fuel Quantity Gauges

Displays how much fuel in gallons/pounds/metric units. Do not depend solely on this

New cards
87

Fuel Selector Valve

Enables you to select fuel from various tanks

New cards
88

Fuel strainer

removes moisture and other sediments that might be in the system. Contaminents will settle at bottom along with moisture (water)

New cards
89

Refueling

Replenishing with fuel through filler cap. Can refuel yourself or FBO can (fixed-base operator)

New cards
90

Hazard of refueling:

Possible combustion of fuel, probably caused by static electricity that discharges between refueling.

New cards
91

Reduce risk of refueling by:

Ensuring ground wire is attached to airplane before fuel cap is removed from tank

New cards
92

Common fuel for piston-powered:

AVGAS 100LL (100 low lead) -> Blue. Other fuel is AVGAS 82UL (82 unleaded) -> Purple

New cards
93

Aviation fuel

Can lose color and become clear if various fuel grades are mixed

New cards
94

Difference between higher grade and lower grade fuel:

Can use higher grade fuel for short period of time but never use lower grade fuel because it is dangerous.

New cards
95

oil pressure gauge

Indicates pressure in psi, or pounds per square inch, or bars.

New cards
96

Below-normal air pressure

Oil pump not putting out enough pressure to circulate oil throughout engine

New cards
97

Above-normal air pressure

Could be clogged oil line

New cards
98

What do you do when vital engine parts are not receiving the necessary lubrication (oil)?

If oil pressure does not begin to rise within 30 seconds after engine start in warm weather, or 60 in cold, shut down engine!

New cards
99

Oil Temperature Gauge

Check periodically, most important when you are using a high power setting and slower airspeed, such as in a climb.

New cards
100

Cowl flaps

Increases cooling airflow. Underside of engine cowling.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 320 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard182 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard92 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard205 terms
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard146 terms
studied byStudied by 42 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)