Factors affecting per capita energy consumption

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Affluence

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1

Affluence

Higher income enabled people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy

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_____

Higher income enables people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

Affluence

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3

Affluence

_____ _____ enables people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

Higher income

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4

Affluence

Higher income _____ _____ to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

Enables people

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5

Affluence

Higher income enables people to _____ _____, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

Buy more

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6

Affluence

Higher income enables people to buy more, _____ _____, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

Consume more

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7

Affluence

Higher income enables people to buy more, consume more, and _____ _____ _____ in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

Use more energy

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8

Affluence

Higher income enables people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • _____ _____

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

Travelling more

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9

Affluence

Higher income enables people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using _____ _____ _____

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

Less efficient vehicles

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10

Affluence

Higher income enables people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • _____ _____ _____ _____

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

Heating a larger home

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11

Affluence

Higher income enables people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having _____ _____ _____

More energy is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

More energy-using applicances

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12

Affluence

Higher income enables people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

_____ _____ is used during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

More energy

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13

Affluence

Higher income enables people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is _____ during the manufacture of the additional products bought.

Used

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14

Affluence

Higher income enables people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the _____ of the additional products bought.

Manufacture

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15

Affluence

Higher income enables people to buy more, consume more, and use more energy in activities like:

  • Travelling more

  • Using less efficient vehicles

  • Heating a larger home

  • Having more energy-using appliances

More energy is used during the manufacture of the _____ _____ _____.

Additional products bought

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16

_____ _____ use significantly more energy to construct housing in the production of bricks, glass, tiles, and fittings like carpets, furnishings, and appliances.

Affluent countries

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17

Affluent countries use _____ _____ _____ to construct housing in the production of bricks, glass, tiles, and fittings like carpets, furnishings, and appliances.

Significantly more energy

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18

Affluent countries use significantly more energy to _____ _____ in the production of bricks, glass, tiles, and fittings like carpets, furnishings, and appliances.

Construct housing

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19

Affluent countries use significantly more energy to construct housing in the _____ of bricks, glass, tiles, and fittings like carpets, furnishings, and appliances.

Production

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20

Affluent countries use significantly more energy to construct housing in the production of _____, glass, tiles, and fittings like carpets, furnishings, and appliances.

Bricks

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Affluent countries use significantly more energy to construct housing in the production of bricks, _____, tiles, and fittings like carpets, furnishings, and appliances.

Glass

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22

Affluent countries use significantly more energy to construct housing in the production of bricks, glass, _____, and fittings like carpets, furnishings, and appliances.

Tiles

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23

Affluent countries use significantly more energy to construct housing in the production of bricks, glass, tiles, and _____ like carpets, furnishings, and appliances.

Fittings

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24

Affluent countries use significantly more energy to construct housing in the production of bricks, glass, tiles, and fittings like _____, furnishings, and appliances.

Carpets

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Affluent countries use significantly more energy to construct housing in the production of bricks, glass, tiles, and fittings like carpets, _____, and appliances.

Furnishings

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Affluent countries use significantly more energy to construct housing in the production of bricks, glass, tiles, and fittings like carpets, furnishings, and _____.

Appliances

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27

_____ _____ _____ have access to readily available sources of energy.

Not all countries

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28

Not all countries have _____ to readily available sources of energy.

Access

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29

Not all countries have access to _____ _____ sources of energy.

Readily available

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30

Not all countries have access to readily available _____ _____ _____.

Sources of energy

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31

_____ _____ limit transportation, the ability to access water, power equipment, and preserve foods.

Energy shortages

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32

Energy shortages _____ _____, the ability to access water, power equipment, and preserve foods.

Limit transportation

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33

Energy shortages limit transportation, the _____ _____ _____ _____, power equipment, and preserve foods.

Ability to access water

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34

Energy shortages limit transportation, the ability to access water, _____ _____, and preserve foods.

Power equipment

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35

Energy shortages limit transportation, the ability to access water, power equipment, and _____ _____.

Preserve foods

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36

_____ _____ _____ for energy resources set prices on the world market.

Supply and demand

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37

Supply and demand for _____ _____ set prices on the world market.

Energy resources

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38

Supply and demand for energy resources _____ _____ on the world market.

Set prices

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39

Supply and demand for energy resources set prices on the _____ _____.

World market

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40

_____ _____ _____ are usually low enough for more affluent communities to afford to purchase energy for essential uses like:

  • Purifying water

  • Running hospitals

  • Transporting food

They may also be able to afford energy for non-essential uses that make life more enjoyable.

Global market prices

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41

Global market prices are usually _____ enough for more affluent communities to afford to purchase energy for essential uses like:

  • Purifying water

  • Running hospitals

  • Transporting food

They may also be able to afford energy for non-essential uses that make life more enjoyable.

Low

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42

Global market prices are usually low enough for _____ _____ _____ to afford to purchase energy for essential uses like:

  • Purifying water

  • Running hospitals

  • Transporting food

They may also be able to afford energy for non-essential uses that make life more enjoyable.

More affluent communities

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43

Global market prices are usually low enough for more affluent communities to afford to _____ _____ for essential uses like:

  • Purifying water

  • Running hospitals

  • Transporting food

They may also be able to afford energy for non-essential uses that make life more enjoyable.

Purchase energy

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44

Global market prices are usually low enough for more affluent communities to afford to purchase energy for _____ _____ like:

  • Purifying water

  • Running hospitals

  • Transporting food

They may also be able to afford energy for non-essential uses that make life more enjoyable.

Essential uses

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45

Global market prices are usually low enough for more affluent communities to afford to purchase energy for essential uses like:

  • _____ _____

  • Running hospitals

  • Transporting food

They may also be able to afford energy for non-essential uses that make life more enjoyable.

Purifying water

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46

Global market prices are usually low enough for more affluent communities to afford to purchase energy for essential uses like:

  • Purifying water

  • _____ _____

  • Transporting food

They may also be able to afford energy for non-essential uses that make life more enjoyable.

Running hospitals

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47

Global market prices are usually low enough for more affluent communities to afford to purchase energy for essential uses like:

  • Purifying water

  • Running hospitals

  • _____ _____

They may also be able to afford energy for non-essential uses that make life more enjoyable.

Transporting food

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48

Global market prices are usually low enough for more affluent communities to afford to purchase energy for essential uses like:

  • Purifying water

  • Running hospitals

  • Transporting food

They may also be able to _____ _____ for non-essential uses that make life more enjoyable.

Afford energy

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49

Global market prices are usually low enough for more affluent communities to afford to purchase energy for essential uses like:

  • Purifying water

  • Running hospitals

  • Transporting food

They may also be able to afford energy for _____ _____ that make life more enjoyable.

Non-essential uses

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50

Global market prices are usually low enough for more affluent communities to afford to purchase energy for essential uses like:

  • Purifying water

  • Running hospitals

  • Transporting food

They may also be able to afford energy for non-essential uses that _____ _____ _____ _____.

Make life more enjoyable

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51

_____ _____ may be unable to pay for the energy needed for essential uses, which can slow the development of these societies and reduce the quality of life.

Poorer communities

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52

Poorer communities may be _____ _____ _____ for the energy needed for essential uses, which can slow the development of these societies and reduce the quality of life.

Unable to pay

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53

Poorer communities may be unable to pay for the energy needed for essential uses, which can slow the development of these societies and reduce the quality of life.

Energy needed

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54

Poorer communities may be unable to pay for the energy needed for _____ _____, which can slow the development of these societies and reduce the quality of life.

Essential uses

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55

Poorer communities may be unable to pay for the energy needed for essential uses, which can _____ _____ _____ of these societies and reduce the quality of life.

Slow the development

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56

Poorer communities may be unable to pay for the energy needed for essential uses, which can slow the development of these _____ and reduce the quality of life.

Societies

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57

Poorer communities may be unable to pay for the energy needed for essential uses, which can slow the development of these societies and _____ the quality of life.

Reduce

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58

Poorer communities may be unable to pay for the energy needed for essential uses, which can slow the development of these societies and reduce the _____ _____ _____.

Quality of life

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59

Relative cost of energy

In countries where there are large, easily accessible local sources, energy is cheap.

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60

_____ _____ _____ _____

In countries where there are large, easily accessible local sources, energy is cheap.

Relative cost of energy

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61

Relative cost of energy

In _____ where there are large, easily accessible local sources, energy is cheap.

Countries

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62

Relative cost of energy

In countries where there are _____ _____ _____ local sources, energy is cheap.

Large, easily accessible

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63

Relative cost of energy

In countries where there are large, easily accessible _____ _____, energy is cheap.

Local sources

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64

Relative cost of energy

In countries where there are large, easily accessible local sources, _____ _____ _____.

Energy is cheap

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65

If _____ is relatively cheap, fuel efficiency is likely to be a lower priority. For example, petrol is much cheaper in the USA than in the UK which means that more petrol can be used for the same cost, encouraging the use of larger, less fuel-efficient cars.

Energy

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66

If energy is _____ _____, fuel efficiency is likely to be a lower priority. For example, petrol is much cheaper in the USA than in the UK which means that more petrol can be used for the same cost, encouraging the use of larger, less fuel-efficient cars.

Relatively cheap

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67

If energy is relatively cheap, _____ _____ is likely to be a lower priority. For example, petrol is much cheaper in the USA than in the UK which means that more petrol can be used for the same cost, encouraging the use of larger, less fuel-efficient cars.

Fuel efficiency

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68

If energy is relatively cheap, fuel efficiency is likely to be a _____ _____. For example, petrol is much cheaper in the USA than in the UK which means that more petrol can be used for the same cost, encouraging the use of larger, less fuel-efficient cars.

Lower priority

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69

If energy is relatively cheap, fuel efficiency is likely to be a lower priority. For example, _____ is much cheaper in the USA than in the UK which means that more petrol can be used for the same cost, encouraging the use of larger, less fuel-efficient cars.

Petrol

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70

If energy is relatively cheap, fuel efficiency is likely to be a lower priority. For example, petrol is _____ _____ in the USA than in the UK which means that more petrol can be used for the same cost, encouraging the use of larger, less fuel-efficient cars.

Much cheaper

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71

If energy is relatively cheap, fuel efficiency is likely to be a lower priority. For example, petrol is much cheaper in the _____ than in the UK which means that more petrol can be used for the same cost, encouraging the use of larger, less fuel-efficient cars.

USA

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72

If energy is relatively cheap, fuel efficiency is likely to be a lower priority. For example, petrol is much cheaper in the USA than in the _____ which means that more petrol can be used for the same cost, encouraging the use of larger, less fuel-efficient cars.

UK

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73

If energy is relatively cheap, fuel efficiency is likely to be a lower priority. For example, petrol is much cheaper in the USA than in the UK which means that _____ _____ can be used for the same cost, encouraging the use of larger, less fuel-efficient cars.

More petrol

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74

If energy is relatively cheap, fuel efficiency is likely to be a lower priority. For example, petrol is much cheaper in the USA than in the UK which means that more petrol can be used for the _____ _____, encouraging the use of larger, less fuel-efficient cars.

Same cost

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75

If energy is relatively cheap, fuel efficiency is likely to be a lower priority. For example, petrol is much cheaper in the USA than in the UK which means that more petrol can be used for the same cost, encouraging the use of _____ _____ _____ _____.

Larger, less fuel-efficient cars

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76

Some _____ _____ have a low per capita energy use within their own country, but import goods that used a lot of energy in their manufacture in other countries (e.g. steel, copper, aluminium).

Developed countries

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77

Some developed countries have a _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ within their own country, but import goods that used a lot of energy in their manufacture in other countries (e.g. steel, copper, aluminium).

Low per capita energy use

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78

Some developed countries have a low per capita energy use _____ _____ _____ _____, but import goods that used a lot of energy in their manufacture in other countries (e.g. steel, copper, aluminium).

Within their own country

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79

Some developed countries have a low per capita energy use within their own country, but _____ _____ that used a lot of energy in their manufacture in other countries (e.g. steel, copper, aluminium).

Import goods

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80

Some developed countries have a low per capita energy use within their own country, but import goods that used a _____ _____ _____ in their manufacture in other countries (e.g. steel, copper, aluminium).

Lot of energy

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81

Some developed countries have a low per capita energy use within their own country, but import goods that used a lot of energy in their _____ in other countries (e.g. steel, copper, aluminium).

Manufacture

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82

Some developed countries have a low per capita energy use within their own country, but import goods that used a lot of energy in their manufacture in _____ _____ (e.g. steel, copper, aluminium).

Other countries

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83

Some developed countries have a low per capita energy use within their own country, but import goods that used a lot of energy in their manufacture in other countries (e.g. _____, copper, aluminium).

Steel

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84

Some developed countries have a low per capita energy use within their own country, but import goods that used a lot of energy in their manufacture in other countries (e.g. steel, _____, aluminium).

Copper

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85

Some developed countries have a low per capita energy use within their own country, but import goods that used a lot of energy in their manufacture in other countries (e.g. steel, copper, _____).

Aluminium

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86

The _____ _____ _____ _____ in countries like the UK has gone down in recent years, partly due to the decline in industries like steel and aluminium smelting, which are now produced for us in other countries like China.

Per capita energy consumption

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87

The per capita energy consumption in _____ _____ _____ _____ has gone down in recent years, partly due to the decline in industries like steel and aluminium smelting, which are now produced for us in other countries like China.

Countries like the UK

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88

The per capita energy consumption in countries like the UK has gone down in recent years, partly due to the _____ in industries like steel and aluminium smelting, which are now produced for us in other countries like China.

Decline

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89

The per capita energy consumption in countries like the UK has gone down in recent years, partly due to the decline in industries like _____ _____ _____ _____, which are now produced for us in other countries like China.

Steel and aluminium smelting

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90

The per capita energy consumption in countries like the UK has gone down in recent years, partly due to the decline in industries like steel and aluminium smelting, which are now _____ for us in other countries like China.

Produced

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91

The per capita energy consumption in countries like the UK has gone down in recent years, partly due to the decline in industries like steel and aluminium smelting, which are now produced for us in _____ _____ _____ _____.

Other countries like China

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92

Type of industry

Different types of industries require different amounts of energy

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93

_____ _____: High level of energy use per unit of economic output

  • Agriculture

  • Mining

  • Raw material extraction

Primary industry

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94

Primary industry: _____ _____ of energy use per unit of economic output

  • Agriculture

  • Mining

  • Raw material extraction

High level

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95

Primary industry: High level of _____ _____ per unit of economic output

  • Agriculture

  • Mining

  • Raw material extraction

Energy use

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96

Primary industry: High level of energy use _____ _____ _____ _____ _____

  • Agriculture

  • Mining

  • Raw material extraction

Per unit of economic output

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97

Primary industry: High level of energy use per unit of economic output

  • _____

  • Mining

  • Raw material extraction

Agriculture

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98

Primary industry: High level of energy use per unit of economic output

  • Agriculture

  • _____

  • Raw material extraction

Mining

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99

Primary industry: High level of energy use per unit of economic output

  • Agriculture

  • Mining

  • _____ _____ _____

Raw material extraction

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100

_____ _____: High level of energy use per unit of economic output

  • Heavy manufacturing industry

    • Metal smelting

    • Chemical industry

Secondary industry

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