lawmaking process

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local laws

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Government

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1

local laws

apply to counties, cities, municipalities, towns, townships, village; cover rent, zoning, local safety, permits, etc

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2

state laws

own courts system, vary from state to state; cover divorce, criminal matters, welfare, public assistance, wills, inheritances, real estate, personal injury, work mans comp, mal practice, taxes

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3

federal laws

apply to all 50 states and everyone in them; immigration, bankruptcy, social security, anti-discrimination, civil rights, patents, criminal offenses

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4

who can propose a law

anyone can suggest an idea, only a congress member can take a proposal to HoR or Senate

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5

what happens first

congress member drafts a bill, submit bill to house or senate, then sent to appropriate committee

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6

what is in front of a bill that denotes where it orignates

HR for house of representatives, S for senate

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7

standing committee

permanent committee in the house or senate that studies bills related to a general topic, education, agriculture or science; assigns bill to the appropriate subcommittee

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8

subcommittee

studies the bills relate to a sub-set of the topics covered by the standing committee and all members are apart of the standing committee

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9

where does the most discussion in congress take place

subcommittees

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10

what does the subcommittee do

decides if a bill is necessary or wise if not the bill dies; holds hearings on the bill giving supporters, opponents, and experts a chance to voice their opinions

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11

how can the subcommittee change a bill and what happens after

can make amendments and vote on them; may write an entirely new bill; vote on whether or not it should go to full committee for a vote; if the bill doesnt pass it dies

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12

after the subcomittee what does the standing committee do

discusses the bill; suggest and vote on amendments; votes on whether to send the bill to full house/senate; then sent to senate/house

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13

what is included with the bill if it passes the full standing committee

a report including key points, changes made, bill compared to current laws, why they recommend this bill for approval

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14

in any stage of the law making process if a bill does not pass what happens to it

it dies

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15

debate on house floor

a time limit is set before debate for each member to spend; first member to speak is for the bill then against and it goes back and forth; debate on bill can be ended with simple majority vote; amendments to the bill can be suggested / debated with the same rules; finally bill put to vote

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16

debate on senate floor

no time limits to debate ; amendments may be offered at any time during debate; at the end of debate the bill is put to a votewh

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17

why is there no time limit in the senate debate

senators can filibuster

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18

what happens to the bill after the house and the senate have debated it

both must pass similar forms of the bill; if a bill is passed only in the house and the senate has passed a similar bills it gets to the other side of congress for debate, amendments, and a vote; two bills are sent to a conference committee if they are similar

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19

conference committee

both house and senate members; discuss differences in the two bills; rewrite the bill in a form they think will pass in the house and the senate to vote on it; they write a report with the rewritten bill explainign the differences and the rewritten bill

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20

back to the floor

committee report with the rewritten bill to the house or senate for a vote (depends on where originates); if house passes bill it is sent to senate; if house OR senate does not pass bill it dies; if passed by congress then sent to President

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21

sign into law

signs the bill then becomes a law

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22

law without signature

let the bill site on his desk for 10 days without signing it while congress is in session; bill then becomes a law

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23

veto

choose not to sign the bill so it will NOT become a law

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24

pocket veto

if after 10 days he has not signed it and congress is no longer in session the bill does not become a law and can't be overruled

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25

how can a veto be over ruled

if the bill gets passes by 2/3 of congress it still becomes a law despite the veto

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