Music App.- Music in the Nineteenth Century & Romanticism

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What does “Chiarina” stand for?

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Music

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100 Terms

1

What does “Chiarina” stand for?

Young Clara

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2

What is a “lasson”?

Brief dramatic introduction

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3

What kind of recording started in the mid 1800’s?

Sound recording

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4

What percussion instruments are featured in 1812 Overture?

Large bells and a battery of cannons

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5

What is a consumptive?

One suffering from tuberculosis

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6

Romanticism might be defined as a cultural movement stressing what?

Emotion, imagination, and individuality

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7

What is absolute music?

Music for the sake of music

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8

Did the Paris public accept or appreciate Berlioz’s music?

No

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9

Who was an African American baritone singer and arranger of spirituals who studied under Dvořák?

Henry T. Burleigh

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10

Who is Baal?

Pagan god

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11

What sought-after recognition did Berlioz earn in 1830?

Prix de Rome

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12

At the age of eighteen, what was Berlioz sent to Paris to study?

Medicine

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13

With what alluring actress did Berlioz become obsessed, and later married?

Harriet Smithson

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14

Berlioz wrote the first comprehensive book in what field of music?

Orchestration

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15

What was name of Berlioz’s autobiography?

Mémoires

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16

What kind of symphony was Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique?

Program symphony

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17

What is Bohemia known as now?

Czech Republic

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18

Brahms was keenly aware of walking in whose shadow?

Beethoven

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19

Which city became Chopin’s adopted home in 1831?

Paris

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20

What are examples of character pieces by Chopin?

Mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, etudes, ballades, polonaises, and preludes

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21

For how long did Clara not see her husband before he died?

Over two years and then only two days before his death

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22

Who were important early nineteenth-century composers of German Lieder?

Robert and Clara Schumann, Johannes Brahms, and Franz Schubert

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23

Later in the century, what composers would synthesize and transform opera into an even more dramatic genre?

Giuseppe Verdi and Richard Wagner

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24

What do we call a composition for solo voice and piano that merges poetic and musical concerns?

Art song

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25

At what age did Tchaikovsky enter the newly created Conservatory of St. Petersburg?

Twenty‑three

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26

What was the dominant world power at that time?

England

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27

Where did Dvořák work from 1892 until 1895?

National Conservatory in the United States

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28

From 1870 until 1903, how many operas did Dvořák write?

Ten

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29

What composer recognized Dvořák and encouraged him to devote his energy to composing?

Brahms

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30

What is an event generally held in the home of a well-to-do lover of the arts where musicians and other artists were invited for entertainment and conversation?

Soirée

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31

Most agree that in 1832, the failure of Felix’s application for the position as head of the Berlin Singakademie was partly due to what?

His Jewish ethnicity

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32

Who were some famous continental philosophers of that time?

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Georg Wilhem Friedrich Hegel, Arthur Schopenhauer, and Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

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33

How many compositions did Fanny Mendelssohn write?

More than 450

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34

Who is Faust?

A man who sells his soul to the devil in exchange for knowledge

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35

What fed the rise of Nationalism at that time?

Continued rise of the middle class as well as the rise of republicanism and democracy

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36

Felix Mendelssohn was well-versed in the musical styles of what composers?

Mozart, Handel, & Bach

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37

What do we call the festive celebrations that occur each year before the Christian season of Lent?

Carnaval

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38

Who followed in Smetana’s footsteps?

Antonín Dvořák

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39

In what form is the third movement of Brahms’ First Symphony?

ABA

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40

What did author Mary Shelley explore in the novel Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus?

Nature and the supernatural

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41

Who sponsored Franz Liszt with a stipend to pursue his musical interests in Paris?

Group of Hungarian noblemen

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42

Where did Fryderyk Chopin grow up?

Around Warsaw, Poland

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43

What is the name of the grim reaper sort of king of the fairies, who appears to young children when they are about to die, and lures them into the world beyond?

Erlking

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44

In 1831 in Paris, Liszt attended a concert performed by whom?

Virtuoso violinist Paganini

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45

What instrument that is still in use today achieved its modern form in the nineteenth century?

Piano

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46

Johannes Brahms is often thought of as breathing new life into what?

Classical forms

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47

What is La Marseillaise?

French national anthem

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48

What does Largo mean?

Slow

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49

How many symphonic poems did Liszt write?

Thirteen

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50

With whom did Liszt travel to Switzerland for a few years, and have three children?

Countess Marie d’Agoult

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51

What was Liszt’s primary goal in music composition?

Pure expression through the idiom of tone

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52

What became the literary genre of choice in the nineteenth century?

Novel

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53

What is a mazurka?

Polish dance

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54

Mendelssohn descended from a family of prominent intellectuals of what faith?

Jewish

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55

Where was Mendelssohn’s music very popular?

England

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56

What were some new important miniature genres and forms in the nineteenth century?

Lied and short piano composition

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57

What is the Moldau?

Main river in Bohemia

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58

By the end of the nineteenth century, who were some of the most famous personalities of their time?

Traveling virtuoso performers and composer

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59

What are musical motives that are associated with a specific character, theme, or locale in a drama?

Leitmotiv

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60

Name one of the ways through which Nationalism was expressed:

Songs and dances of native people; mythology; celebration of a national hero, historic event, or scenic beauty of country

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61

Who were some naturalists of that time?

John James Audubon, John Muir, and Charles Darwin

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62

What is the nickname of the theme from the second movement of the New World Symphony?

Coming home theme

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63

What is the nineteenth century called in music?

Romantic Era

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64

To how many children did Clara give birth?

Eight

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65

What is the official march of the Marine Corps?

Semper Fidelis

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66

After joining the Oratory of the Madonna del Rosario and taking minor orders, by what name did he become known?

Abbé Liszt

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67

Who commissioned and premiered the New World Symphony?

The New York Philharmonic

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68

What were private musical gatherings in Vienna featuring the songs of Schubert called?

Schubertiade

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69

When did Realism become prominent in art and literature?

1850’s

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70

What is a recurring theme representing and ideology or person that provides continuity through a musical work?

Idée fixe

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71

In what year did Felix Mendelssohn lead a revival of Bach’s St. Matthew Passion?

1829

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72

What do we call the robbing of time from one note to give it to another?

Rubato

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73

How did Robert & Clara Schumann get acquainted?

After Robert moved to Leipzig and started studying piano with Friedrich Wieck, Clara’s father

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74

When Robert Schumann suffered weakness of fingers and hands, what did he shift to?

Music journalism and music composition

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75

Name three Russian nationalist composers:

Modest Mussorgsky, Alexander Borodin, and Nicolai Rimsky‑Korsakov

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76

Where did Schubert spend his entire life?

Vienna

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77

What kind of work did Schubert do until his late teens?

Teaching school

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78

What is Schubert’s greatest legacy?

His more than 600 Lieder, or art songs

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79

What are the sections of a march called?

Strains

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80

What were short piano compositions described as?

Character pieces

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81

At what age did Smetana begin giving public piano performances?

Six

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82

What is the name of Smetana’s cycle of six symphonic poems?

My Country

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83

Sousa conducted the Marine band for twelve years under the administrations of what presidents?

Rutherford Hayes, James Garfield, Grover Cleveland, Chester Arthur, & Benjamin Harrison

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84

How many marches did Sousa write?

136

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85

What did Stravinsky say about Tchaikovsky?

“He was the most Russian of us all!”

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86

Who succeeded Giacomo Rossini as the most important Italian opera composer of his days?

Giuseppe Verdi

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87

By the end of the century, how long might a typical symphony be?

Hour long

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88

What tragedy, with profound lasting effect, happened to Tchaikovsky at age 14?

His mother died of cholera

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89

Who was Tchaikovsky’s benefactor – a widowed industrialist?

Nadezhda von Meck

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90

How long did Tchaikovsky’s marriage last?

Less than a month

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91

Where did Romanticism begin before spreading to art and music?

Literature

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92

How many music dramas are featured in The Ring of the Nibelungen?

Four

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93

What are two of the leitmotivs from the conclusion to The Valkyrie?

Wotan’s Spear, Loge’s music, Sleep, Siegfried’s Sword, & Fate

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94

What are three sub-categories of Romanticism?

Realism, nationalism, and exoticism

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95

What form utilizes transformation of a few themes through the entire work for continuity?

Symphonic poem

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96

What is a literal translation of the word verismo?

Realism

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97

What were two famous novels by Victor Hugo?

The Hunchback of Notre‑Dame (1831), & Les Misérables (1862)

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98

Who were some visual artists of that time?

Caspar David Friedrich, Eugène Delacroix, & Francisco Goya

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99

What voice type is the role of Elijah?

Bass‑baritone

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100

What made Wagner decide to become a composer at age 13?

He heard the music of Beethoven

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