Kin 233 - Midterm

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We conceptualize sport as western because...

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1

We conceptualize sport as western because...

almost every sport came out of Western Europe

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2

Western Sports

Soccer, baseball, cricket, basketball etc.

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3

Non

Western Sports

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4

What did sport encourage for men?

Sport encouraged men to know how to fight

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5

Are sports gendered?

yes

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6

Men's Sports

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7

Women's Sports

Different because they reflected what societies viewed of women and what they should be doing

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8

T/F

Indigenous societies all function differently

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9

what is a difference in Indigenous Societies?

Different people/groups and what activities they do

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10

Who was the first democratic society?

Blackfoot

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11

Womens sport reflected womens roles

Seminomadic

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12

Lacrosse

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13

Europeans came to canada

They didn't understand Indigenous people but understood their sport ideas

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14

Western Notions of Societal Development

They are linear and the west at the front

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15

Linear societal development theory

Says that the process is linear and as you develop you develop down the line ex.) human development (baby, toddler etc.)

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16

Linear societal development theory pt. 2

hunter gathers

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17

Line of Societal development ties together with

Recent western idea of progress is a universal good

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18

Where do you want to be on the line?

Further down

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19

British and french thoughts on Indigenous Ppl

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20

The Columbian Exchange

Brought the arrival of diseases and food

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21

Virgin soil epidemics

For all intents and purposes of virgin soil when a disease encounters a group of people who have never encountered that disease

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22

Terra Nullius

Land belonging to no one

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23

how much of the population was wiped out because of illness

low estimate 50% and high 90%

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24

oral testimony

the way indigenous people pass down their knowledge

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25

Disease and oral testimony

bad combo because disease strikes elders first

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26

Colonies

disease shattered the civilization of Americas and led to the establishments of european colonies (13)

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27

New France

Is a close copy of France which will affect sport (microcosmos)

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28

Card playing and racing (French

Canadians)

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29

Natural Resource Extraction

Farmers and fur traders

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30

Bush masculinity

idea that real man can survive in the bush

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31

Middle class man

working

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32

Sport differentiating classes

sports became a tool to separate classes from one another

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33

Conquest 1760

British defeated and conquered the French in North America

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34

How did the French

Canadians view the British?

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35

French sport

emphasizes lower class values

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36

Who are the loyalists

English people who became middle class

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37

anti

americanism

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38

Order and Stability

british values underline how we celebrate and how you play the game. you have to win right or no stability or order

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British Ideas of Gender Role and How They Should Participate

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40

Full colonization of aboriginal people begins

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41

Taverns, Garrison, and Clubs

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middle class people go to ?

go to clubs

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43

lower class people go to?

go to taverns

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44

Upper class people go to?

host parties

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45

Class stratify

serve expensive alcohols in the clubs and cheap alcohol in taverns

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46

Upper class

duels

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Lower class

physical fights

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48

Hunting for sport

upper class because they were looking for the trophy size

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49

hunting

lower class because they needed to hunt for food

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50

Class and gender influence on sport and leisure

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51

first clubs in Canada

Royal Montreal curling club

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52

clubs became what?

Hubs for organized sport

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53

Growth of Middle Class

grew because of the professionalization of various occupations

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54

beginning of organized sport and infrastructure

industrial revolution

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55

Sport equipment

costs drop during the industrical revolution because they can mass produce the equipment

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56

Urbanization

people moving from rural to urban cities because of industrialization

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57

Cities hit a Critical Mass

cities had more infrastructure for sports, and people to organize the sports

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58

which city was the first critical mass

montreal

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59

Railways

intercity competition

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60

Medium

industrial revolution results in high wealth

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61

Social Gospel Movement

protestants moved away from the church because they believed you cant wait to die to get to heaven but you need to make earth as heaven like

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amateur ideal of sport

sports should be amateur because money corrupts

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Montreal Amateur Association

founded in 1881 started to pass rules

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64

Professional ideal

changed to professional because people liked winning and people liked watching people win

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Professional sport

costs a lot of money

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66

lacrosse

indigenous sport

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67

Pontiac's Rebellion

1763

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Mohawks

there were several Mohawk nations close to montreal who played a lot of lacrosse

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69

Montreal club

1856

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George Beers

father of lacrosse sets out a set of rules in the Montreal paper and everyone starts to use them

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71

How to make men strong

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72

Muscular Christianity

The view that vigorous physical expression was not incompatible with spiritual life. Also, there was the view that young urban boys, in particular, needed socializing to become real, not effeminate, men. Physical health achieved by way of being a muscular Christian was also a condition of a successful life.

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73

Lacrosse grows in popularity

becomes the national summer sport

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Sport took community connotations

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Box Lacrosse

This is an indoor, professional version played primarily in Canada and the Northeast. professional very quickly

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76

baseball

grew mainly in Southern Ontario because it is American

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77

George Sleeman

Helped bring wealth in the center of Canada for baseball

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Sir Alex Ferguson

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Homes of baseball in Canada

Toronto and Montreal

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80

Jackie Robinson

The first African American player in the major league of baseball. His actions helped to bring about other opportunities for African Americans.

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81

Hockey

Started similarily to Lacrosse

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82

Hockey started to grow with what?

Nationalism

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83

Hockeys popularity

Became popular because it was different

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84

Resource Boom

Mines and mining companies had lots of money so they would bring players to their towns and make teams

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85

who played hockey?

lower class

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86

Football Rugby

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87

Harvard

McGill game

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88

Spread through Ivy Schools

develops into a different sport

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89

Grey cup was donated by?

Albert Henry George Grey

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90

Rugby

popular in Great Britain

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91

Soccer

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92

Modernization

Organized sports became modernized

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93

Modernization

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94

Ned Hanlan

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95

Louis Rubenstein

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96

Louis Cyr

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97

Barbara Ann Scott

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98

Maurice Rocket Richard

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99

Ben Johnson

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100

Wayne Gretzky

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